Marble. Copy from 4 CE or later after an original from 27—23 BCE.
Height 34 cm.
Inv. No. 1444.

Copenhagen, New Carlsberg Glyptotek
(Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek)

Purchased in 1896 in Egypt. Presumably found in Fayum.

36. Livia

The empress of Augustus, Livia (58 B.C. — 29 A.D.), has large eyes, a small mouth and an incipient double chin. The present portrait type is the most prevalent for representations of the empress (cf. a list of copies in Fittschen-Zanker III, p. 2). The hair pad over the forehead, the nodus, is flattened out. The braid at the back of the head is long and it slants downward. The brow’s hair pad and the back braid are connected with powerfully waving hair that frames both temples. On the torso section of the bust, it can be seen that the woman is wearing a sleeveless garment over the tunic.
Original: c. 27—23 B.C. Copy: 4 A.D., or later.

I. N. 1444
Marble. H. 0.34.
The right side of the torso section has broken off and it is missing. A piece of the hair bun at the back of the head has been executed in some other material (like plaster).
Purchased in 1896 in Egypt.
Presumably found in Fayum (cf. 33 and 45).

Flemming Johansen
F. Poulsen 1951, Cat. 615;
V. Poulsen 1973, Cat. 34;
L. Furneé-van Zwet, BABesch XXXI (1956) 14, fig. 12;
R. Winkes, ANRW I (1973) 232, fig. 17;
M. Horster, MüJb (1973) 11, Abb. 5, 19, n. 14;
Inan & Alföldi-Rosenbaum, Porträtplastik, 62;
E. M. Koppel, Die römischen Skulpturen von Tarraco (1985) ad no. 122, n. 3;
Fittschen & Zanker, Porträts III, 2, n. 6;
Kersauson, Catalogue Louvre I, no. 43;
D. E. E. Kleiner, Private Portraiture in the Age of Augustus, The Age of Augustus ed. R. Winkes (1986) 122, n. 44;
Kaiser Augustus und die Verlorene Republik (1988) no. 171, 326;
Scholz, Tracht, 52, Bü 7;
Kockel, Porträtreliefs, 43, n. 368, 51, n. 431;
D. Boschung, JRA 6 (1993) 45 C b, Skizzen 12—13.
(ρρ) 2008. Photo: Sergey Sosnovskiy (CC BY-SA 4.0).
Text: museum inscription to the sculpture.
© 1994. Description: F. Johansen. Catalogue Roman Portraits, vol. I, p. 96, cat. no. 36. Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, 1994.

Keywords: marble portrait bust roman empress Livia Drusilla Julia Augusta as Salus female hairdo hairstyle coiffure the type Faiyum Fayoum Fayum Faijum Fayyum from Inv No 1444 615