Panel with Aeneas sacrificing to the PenatesMarble.
13—9 BCE. Rome, Museum of the Altar of Augustan Peace (Ara Pacis Augustae)
Rome, Museum of the Altar of Augustan Peace (Ara Pacis Augustae)
(Museo dell’Ara Pacis)
In 12 BC, when Lepidus died, Augustus took on the office as Pontifex Maximus. According to Roman religion this was the only priest allowed to have access to the temple of Vesta where, according to a belief held up by Caesar, the Penates were kept together with the Palladium rescued from Troy. Thus, the symbols and the protectors of Rome’s destiny, the Penates publici populi romani were kept in the penetralia of the temple of Vesta. They were also the mythical ancestors of Augustus, in his capacity as a prince and a priest.
Keywords: γλυπτική sculptura sculpture sculptural scultura skulptur ρωμαϊκό roman romana romano romani römisch römische römisches römischen römischer romain romaine romains romaines ανακούφιση relief rilievo ara pacis augustae altar of augustan peace altare della pace augustea altar des friedens des augustus autel de la paix auguste altar of august peace ara pacis augustae marble relief penates publici populi romani pediment gable patera simpulum lituus garland acroter acroterion acroterium temple