Scene of the emperorís mercy (clementia)
Relief on the north side.
Marble. 175ó196 CE.
Rome, Arch of Constantine Photo by Sergey Sosnovskiy

Scene of the emperorís mercy (clementia).

Relief on the north side.
Marble. 175ó196 CE.

Rome, Arch of Constantine
(Arco di Costantino)

Finally, we return to the camp for the submission of the defeated (fig. 2.18). The emperor sits on a podium, his attending commander standing behind him. Before him a defeated barbarian, embracing his downcast son, begs for the mercy of the emperor. Soldiers, including three standard-bearers, look on. In the background there are three eagles and a military standard.

Many students of the subject believe that these eight reliefs, together with three others now preserved in the Capitoline Museum (Galleria dei Conservatori), originally belonged to an arch erected in honor of Marcus Aurelius. This arch, furthermore, is identified with the ďArcus AureusĒ located on or near the road ascending the Capitoline, the Clivus Capitolinus, at the northwest corner of the Forum. The theory of an arch in this location is supported by the inscription from the Capitoline (or the area of the Capitoline and possibly belonging to the arch) which appears in the medieval pilgrimís guidebook known as the ďAnonymous EinsiedelensisĒ and by the fact that the three additional reliefs now in the Conservatory Palace were brought there from the Church of S. Martina, which stands beside the Curia near the Clivus Capitolinus in the northwest corner of the Forum.

(ŮŮ) 2008. Photo: Sergey Sosnovskiy (CC BY-SA 4.0).
© 2004. Description: R. Ross Holloway. Constantine and Rome. Yale University Press, New Haven and London. P. 29.
Keywords: scene of the emperorís mercy clementia relief on the north side of the Triumphal Arch of Constantinus roman emperor Constantinus I Magnus Constantine I the Great roman emperor Marcus Aurelius imperatore romano Marco Aurelio laureate wreath garment garments clothes clothing outerwear toga tunic standard insignia badge signum vexillum aquilifer standard-bearer military cloak paludamentum short long trousers bracae footwear footgear platform podium chair sella curulis sella imperatoria boy barbarian man father son child baby infant crested helmet headpiece with skin hide fell plume crest armour galea belt
History of Ancient Rome