Statue of August from Prima Porta.

Marble. Ca. 20—17 BCE.
Inv. No. 2290.

Rome, Vatican Museums, Chiaramonti Museum, New wing, 14
(Musei Vaticani, Museo Chiaramonti, Braccio nuovo)

Description:
Statue of the Augustus of Prima Porta, wearing a lorica (leather cuirass). Found in 1863 in Livia’s Villa on the Via Flaminia, near Prima Porta, from which the statue takes its name. The portrait head identifies the figure as Augustus, who is represented in the pose of adlocutio: his right arm is raised, and the fact that he is wearing armour suggests that he is addressing his soldiers. The relief decorations on the cuirass are of special interest. The central scene refers to an event that took place in 20 B.C.: a Parthian King (Phraates IV?) returns the Roman military insignia, lost by Crassus in 53 B.C., to Augustus’ legate (Tiberius). The whole cosmos witnesses this success of the Augustan policy of pacification: above, Caelus raising his outspread mantle, Sol on a quadriga, and, in front of him, personifications of Dawn and Dew, below, Tellus, the Roman earth goddess; at the sides, Apollo, holding a lyre, on a winged griffin, and Diana, holding a torch, on a stag. At the sides of the central scene are two seated female figures, personifications of provinces (Germania and Dalmatia?). The only decoration on the back of the cuirass is the rough outline of a tropaeum. The weight-bearing leg is supported by the figure of Cupid riding a dolphin (an allusion to Venus, progenitrix of the gens Julia, to which Augustus belonged). The emperor’s bare feet are in keeping with the heroic treatment of the subject (the position of the legs was taken from the Doryphoros). This is a copy, probably made for Livia after the death of Augustus (14 A.D.), of a bronze statue erected in honour of Augustus shortly after 20 B.C.
Credits:
© 2008. Photo: S. Sosnovskiy.
Text: museum inscription to the sculpture.
© 2005 Text of description: Guide to the Vatican: Museums and City. Edizioni Musei Vaticani, pp. 39—40 (ISBN 88-86921-78-0).
RUSSIAN

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THE DATABASE OF ANCIENT ART
Keywords: marble statue of August from Prima Porta Julio-Claudian dynasty dinastia giulio-claudia Julii-Claudii roman emperor Octavian August Octavianus Augustus Ottaviano Augusto statue armor armour cloak dolphin Eros Amor Cupid Inv No 2290 14
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