Sarcophagus of the Muses
White marble. Rome, 180—200 CE. Vienna, Museum of Art HistoryPhoto by Ilya Shurygin

Sarcophagus of the Muses.

White marble. Rome, 180—200 CE.

Vienna, Museum of Art History
(Kunsthistorisches Museum)

Description:
Nine Muses and their divine patrons — Athena and Apollo.

Athena leaning against an oil-tree stands in the center of composition. She wears a helmet and holds a spear. Her aegis is seen by her feet. There is a snake on the tree and an owl on the ground near the goddess — her attributes symbolizing her wisdom.

A naked figure of Apollo Musagetes is the last on the right. A small Gryphon — winged mythical creature whose rider was Apollo — sits on the ground by the god.

Credits:
© 2012. Photo: Ilya Shurygin.
Info: museum annotation.
Comments: Ilya Shurygin.
Keywords: ελληνική μυθολογία mythologia graeca greek mythology mitologia greca griechische mythologie grecque θεός ἀπόλλων απόλλων apollon deus apollo phoebus god dio apollo febo gott apoll dieu θεά αθηνά ἀθηνᾶ ἀθήνη athena goddess dea atena göttin athene déesse athéna athéné γρύφων γρύπων gryphon grypon gryphus griffin griffon grifone grifoni greif greife grype μούσα καλλιόπη kalliope musa calliope muse muses μούσα κλειώ kleio musa clio muse muses klio μούσα μελπομένη melpomene musa muse muses melpomène μοῦσα μοῦσαι mousa mousai μούσες μούσα musa musae muse muses musa muse muse musen muse uses μούσα πολύμνια polymnia musa polyhymnia muse muses polimnia polymnie polhymnie μούσα θάλεια thaleia musa thalia muse muses talia thàlia thalie μούσα τερψιχόρη terpsichore musa muse muses tersicore terpsicore μούσα οὐρανία ουρανία ourania musa urania muse muses uranie μούσα ευτέρπη eὐτέρπη euterpe musa muse muses μούσα ἐρατώ ερατώ musa erato muse muses érato ρωμαϊκή μυθολογία mythologia romana roman mythology mitologia romana römische mythologie romaine μινέρβα minerva goddess dea divinità göttin déesse minerve γλυπτική sculptura sculpture sculptural scultura skulptur ρώμη rome roma rom κηδεία γλυπτική funeral sculpture scultura funeraria begräbnisskulptur beerdigung skulptur sculpture funéraire σαρκοφάγος σαρκοφάγους sarcophagus sarcophagus sarcophagi sarcofago sarcofagi sarkophag sarkophage sarcophage sarcophages mythological sarcophagus sarcophagi with a myth myths sarcofago mitologico sarcofagi mitologici con un mito con i miti mythologischer sarkophag mythologische sarkophage sarcophage mythologique sarcophages mythologiques musical instrument strumento musicale musikinstrument instrument de musique μουσικό όργανο cetra cithare cithara kithara κιθάρα greek round shield scudo rotondo greco griechischer rundschild bouclier rond grec aspis ἀσπίς ασπίδα white marble sarcophagus sarkophag sarcofago of the muses 9 nine muses muse muses musen musa apollo phoebus musagetes musegetes athena athene minerva polyhymnia polymnia polimnia euterpe thalia melpomene erato calliope terpsichore urania clio bird owl griffin gryphon griffins gryphons snake serpent lyre music musician singing female garment garments clothes clothing tragic comic mask theatre theatrical scroll plectrum pick parapetasma spear corinthian helmet headpiece crest crested plume olive tree quiver club
History of Ancient Rome