Sarcophagus of the Muses
White marble. Rome, 180200 CE. Vienna, Museum of Art History Photo by Ilya Shurygin

Sarcophagus of the Muses.

White marble. Rome, 180200 CE.

Vienna, Museum of Art History
(Kunsthistorisches Museum)

Description:
Nine Muses and their divine patrons  Athena and Apollo.

Athena leaning against an oil-tree stands in the center of composition. She wears a helmet and holds a spear. Her aegis is seen by her feet. There is a snake on the tree and an owl on the ground near the goddess  her attributes symbolizing her wisdom.

A naked figure of Apollo Musagetes is the last on the right. A small Gryphon  winged mythical creature whose rider was Apollo  sits on the ground by the god.

Credits:
2012. Photo: Ilya Shurygin.
Info: museum annotation.
Comments: Ilya Shurygin.
Keywords: white marble sarcophagus sarkophag sarcofago of the Muses 9 nine muses muse muses musen musa Apollo Phoebus Musagetes Musegetes Athena Athene Minerva Polyhymnia Polymnia Polimnia Euterpe Thalia Melpomene Erato Calliope Terpsichore Urania Clio bird owl griffin gryphon griffins gryphons snake serpent musical instrument instruments cithara kithara cither cithern lyre music musician singing female garment garments clothes clothing tragic comic mask theatre theatrical scroll plectrum pick parapetasma spear round shield aspis Corinthian helmet headpiece crest crested plume olive tree quiver club
History of Ancient Rome