Funerary relief with portraits of the freedmen Publius Licinius Philonicus and Publius Licinius Demetrius.

Marble. Ca. 30—10 BCE.
68 × 80 cm.
Inv. No. 1954.1214.1.

London, The British Museum

Origin:
Found at the Villa Muti in the environs of Frascati, Italy. Purchased from Dr Jacob Hirsch in 1954.
Description:
The names of the two men (left to right) are P. Licinius Philonic(us) and P. Licinius Demetrius. The two are presumably freedmen. The left border shows the fasces; on the right is a bow and drill, a knife (or socketed chisel?), and an adze-hammer, along with a tanged chisel (without handle). The “pediment” on top shows a hammer, tongs, and an anvil, perhaps the set-up for a minting coins.


CIL XIV 2721, 2722:

P(ublius) Licinius P(ubli) l(ibertus) / Philonicu[s] // P(ublius) Licinius P(ubli) l(ibertus) / Demetrius patrono / fecit […].

Publius Licinius Philonicus, the freedman of Publius; Publius Licinius Demetrius, the freedman of Publius, made [this tombstone] to [his] patron.


Museum description: On the left are the rods and axes used in the ceremony of freeing a slave. In the pediment are the tools of a smith or moneyer, and, on the right, the tools of a carpenter.

Credits:
© 2010. Photo, text: Roger B. Ulrich.
Keywords: marble funerary male portrait relief man men freedman freedmen Publius Licinius Philonicus Publius Licinius Demetrius parastas anta antae lictor fasces pediment bench tool joiner instrument hand tool hand-held tool manual tool tools instrumentum of sculptor bow and drill a knife socketed chisel adze-hammer tanged chisel hammer tongs anvil set-up for a minting coins CIL XIV 14 2721 2722 Publius Licinius Publi libertus Philonicus Publius Licinius Publi libertus Demetrius patrono fecit Inv No 1954 1214 1 1954 12 14 1
History of Ancient Rome