Base of the statue of duumvir Caius Cuspius Pansa.

Stone. 63—70 CE.
Height 1.15 m, width 0.72 m, depth 0.655 m, height of the letters 0.043—0.054 m.
CIL X 790 = ILS 6360.


Pompeii, forum of the city (May 11, 1816).
CIL X 790 = ILS 6360.

C(aio) Cuspio C(ai) f(ilio) Pansae,
IIvir(o) i(ure) d(icundo) quart(um), quinq(uennali),
ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum) pec(unia) pub(lica).

To Caius Cuspius Pansa, son of Caius, duumvir with judicial powers four times, quinquennalis, according to the decree of decurions, at public expense.

C. Cuspius C.f Pansa, dv. IV, quinq., praefectus e lege Petronia, is known through two inscriptions, which give a recapitulation of his career in almost identical wording. One is a statue base found on the Forum (X 790), and both the base and the inscription , which states inter alia that it was erected at public expense, have a great resemblance to X 788, which was put up after the earthquake of 62. The other is situated under a niche in the northern cryptoporticus ñ.101 of the amphitheatre (X 858). The name is here in the nominative signifying that C. Cuspius Pansa has carried out a dedication; and as the amphitheatre was quickly restored after the earthquake, and the niche is placed in one of the supporting arches erected on this occasion , there is much to suggest that C. Cuspius Pansa and his son C. Cuspius Pansa paid for the amphitheatre’s restoration409. The inscriptions must in any case have been set up just after 62, when the former was probably praefectus e lege Petronia. But since he had already been duumvir four times and had a son who had already held the duumvirate and was pontifex, there are good grounds for supposing that his career had started before 40 AD.

409 Maiuri A. L’ultima fase edilizia di Pompei. Roma, 1942. P. 83—87, Adam J.-P. Observations techniques sur les suites des séismes de 62 a Pompéi // Tremblements de terre, éruptions volcaniques et vie des hommes dans la Campanie antique. Naples, 1986. P. 74—75, pl. 18.

H. Mouritsen

CIL X 790.
ILS 6360.
Castrén P. Ordo populusque Pompeianus. Edn. 2. Rome, 1983. P. 161, ¹ 146.7, cf. P. 110, 112.
D’Arms J. Notes on Multiple Municipal Magistracies in Julio-Claudian Italy // BASP. Vol. 21. 1984. P. 49—50.
Mouritsen H. Elections, Magistrates and municipal élite. Studies in Pompeian epigraphy. Rome 1988. P. 100—101, 108.
Amodio G. Pompei e i rapporti col centro. Il caso dei praefecti iure dicundo // Les élites municipales de l’Italie péninsulaire de la mort de César à la mort de Domitien. Classes socials dirigeantes et pouvoir central. Roma, 2000. P. 82—83.
Spadoni M. C. I prefetti nell’amministrazione municipale dell’Italia romana. Bari, 2004. P. 45—46, ¹ 39.
Kockel V. Altes und Neues vom Forum und vom Gebäude der Eumachia in Pompeji // Lebenswelten: Bilder und Räume in der römischen Stadt der Kaiserzeit. Wiesbaden, 2005. S. 57—59.
Hüttemann A. Pompejanische Inschriften. Stuttgart, 2010. S. 57—58, ¹ 22.
© 2015. Photo: Ilya Shurygin.
© Text and description of the inscription: Eagle. Electronic Archive of Greek and Latin Epigraphy.
© 1988. Description: Mouritsen H. Elections, Magistrates and municipal élite. Studies in Pompeian epigraphy. Rome 1988. P. 100—101.
© 2016. Translation from Latin: O. Liubimova.
Keywords: Caio Cuspio Cai filio Pansae IIviro iure dicundo quartum quinquennali ex decreto decurionum pecunia publica Caius Gaius Cuspius Pansa duumvir duovir jurisdiction quinquennal quinquennalis decree of decuriones public expense honorary honorific inscriprion base of statue CIL X 790 ILS 6360