The sacrifice of the Emperor Caesar to the Goddess Roma.

Marble.
Engraving by Antonio Francesco Gori (1691—1757), 1743.
Inscription under the engraving: “e marm[or] Museo Mag[ni] Ducis Etr[uriae]” (“of marble, in the Museum of Grand Duke of Etruria (Tuscany)”).
For the relief: Inv. Nos. 321 (inv. 1914), 477 (inv. 1825).

Florence, Gallery of Uffizi

Origin:
Present location of the relief is unknown — it is missing in Mansuelli’s catalogue (1958—1961) where its inv. no. 321 is mistakenly appropriated to the other relief (inv. no. 342). The last inventory of this relief took place in 1914. Its plaster cast is exhibited in the Museum of Roman Civilization in Rome (Inv. No. MCR 5019). (Website Editor’s note).
Description:

Tab. XXII. Marmoreum anaglyphum, in quo Imperatoris Caesaris sacrum in honorem Deae Romae, exhibetur.

Propius spectanti mihi anaglyphum hoc pereximium, in imagine Imperatoris Caesaris, qui reducta in caput chlamyde, velatus & laureatus sacrificat ad aram sacro igne accensam, conversus ad Romam, quae sedens hastam tenet, denudata, ut in aliis antiquis monumentis, atque etiam in numis observatum est, dextra pedoris mamilla, sublucet quammaxime effigies Commodi Imperatoris. Neque improbabilis est haec coniectura: nam cum Scriptoribus antiquis concordant numismata, quae Commodum exhibent velato capite sacra facientem Herculi, quum Vrbem Romam novam Coloniam Commodianam esset facturus. In numis etiam idem Commodus expressus cernitur, quasi alter Hercules, habitu deducentis coloniam, agens boves, & aratrum in ea designanda ducens: quae nova deductio contigit,ut ad numismata maxima Medicei Musei observabam Tab. XLVII, num. 1. pag. 189. Tribunicia eius Potestate decima octava, Consulatu septimo, nimirum anno ab Vrbe condita DCCCCXLV. Christi CXCII. Hanc probavit pronus in adulationem Senatus, uti Lampridius memorat: Et eo quidem tempore, quo ad Senatum retulit de COMMODIANA.

Credits:

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THE GALLERY OF ANCIENT ART
Keywords: engraving by Antonio Francesco Gori marble marmo relief scene of sacrifice sacrificial offering Aeneas founding Lavinium the Laurentian Sow Laurentum pig sucking piglet piglets emperor sword parazonium armor armour servant lighted altar sacrificial animal pig sow offering hostia hostiae laurels laurel wreath priest victimae camillus camilli camillae sacrificial vessel sacrificial ewer capis e Museo Magni Ducis Etruriae Inv No 321 477
HISTORY OF ANCIENT ROME