Statue of a commander from Tivoli
Ca. 90—70 BCE.
Height 194 cm.
Inv. No. 106513.Rome, Roman National Museum, Palazzo Massimo alle TermePhoto by Egisto Sani

Statue of a commander from Tivoli.

Ca. 90—70 BCE.
Height 194 cm.
Inv. No. 106513.

Rome, Roman National Museum, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme
(Roma, Museo nazionale romano, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme).

From Tivoli, Hercules Temple, 1925.
A masterpiece of honorary sculpture from the Late Republican period, this statue portrays an elderly person with a young, nude body. The cape (paludamentum) which covers part of his body and legs, and the cuirass embossed with a gorgoneion (lorica) which functions as a support, identify it as a high-ranking soldier. It can be presumed that the right arm was raised, as suggested by the chest muscles holding the shoulder, and that the figure was leaning on a lance. This style derives from Hellenistic designs of “heroic nudity” (effigies achilleae) used, starting in the 2nd century BC, by members of the Roman ruling class which has strong political need of self-presentation. The authoritarian, imposing stance together with the marked realism of the facial features, is one of the best examples of Hellenistic bravura combined with realistic Italic tradition. Stylistic considerations and the fact that the statue was found in the substructions of the Temple of Hercules, which was built during the dictatorship of L. Cornelius Sulla, date the statue between 90—70 BC. The honorific statue could depict a Sulla’s lieutenant but his identification is an open problem.

Source: “Palazzo Massimo alle Terme — Le Collezioni”, Mondadori Electa
(cc) 2014. Photo: Egisto Sani (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0).
Keywords: γλυπτική sculptura sculpture sculptural scultura skulptur ρωμαϊκό roman romana romano romani römisch römische römisches römischen römischer romain romaine romains romaines άγνωστος unknown ignoto unbekannter inconnu ἄγαλμα άγαλμα statua statuae statue statues statui statuen statuons απεικόνιση portrait portraiture ritratto ritrattistica porträtmalerei porträt of a man male maschile uomo männliches mann masculin un homme porträtstatue loricata lorica cuirassed cuirass armor armour corazzata armatura kürassierte rüstung cuirassée armure standing in piedi stehende pédestre effigies achilleae as hero heroic nudity ideal come eroe nudo eroico nudità ideale als held nacktheit heroische comme héros nu héroïque marble marmo marmor marbre μάρμαρο pterigi ptéryge pteruges pteryges ptуryges πτέρυγες military cloak mantello militare militärischer mantel manteau militaire στρατιωτικό μανδύα paludamentum head gorgon medusa testa di gorgone gorgonenhaupt medusenhaupt gorgoneion gorgonion γοργόνειον anatomical muscular corazza anatomica muskelpanzer cuirasse musculaire musclée musculata fringe fimbria frangia franse frange fimbriae commander general heerführer général from tivoli inv no 106513