The fall of Icarus
Fresco from Pompeii (VI. 17. 9—10).
45—79 CE.
36 × 37 cm.
Inv. No. 9506.Naples, National Archaeological Museum, Hall LXXIIIPhoto by Luigi Spina

The fall of Icarus.

Fresco from Pompeii (VI. 17. 9—10).
45—79 CE.
36 × 37 cm.
Inv. No. 9506.

Naples, National Archaeological Museum, Hall LXXIII
(Napoli, Museo archeologico nazionale, Sala LXXIII).

Pompeii, Archaeological Park, House of the Dancer or House of Diana I (VI. 17. 9—10).
Herculaneum, Archaeological Park.
Pompeii, VI. 17. 9—10, House of the Dancer or House of Diana I, 4th February 1764. According to other sources, fresco comes from Herculaneum.
Italiano Il mito narra che Dedalo e suo figlio Icaro per fuggire dal labirinto costruito dallo stesso Dedalo in cui erano stati rinchiusi da Minosse dopo che Teseo ne era uscito, avevano realizzato ali di piume e cera per volare via da Creta. Ma Icaro si avvicinò troppo al sole, la cera si sciolse, e il giovane precipitò nel mare.

According to Peters,

“Three small landscapes featuring Perseus and Andromeda, Heracles and Hesione and Daedalus and Icarus, have probably come from the surroundings of the Herculaneum Gate. (See Fiorelli, PAH, 1, 1, 154).

The exact place of origin is not known, but the similarity in size, colours and further rendering, make it seem probable that they have formed part of the decoration of the same room.

The paintings are all somewhat eroded, but have been fairly well preserved.

The reproductions of the Pitture di Ercolano are reliable as far as the broad outlines are concerned, but not with respect to the execution of the various landscape elements. The chief colours of all three paintings are shades of grey, blue and green…

Both the size and composition of “Perseus and Andromeda” make it seem likely that the original site of this picture was on the main wall.”

See W. J. T. Peters (1963): Landscape in Romano-Campanian Mural Paintings. The Netherlands, Van Gorcum & Comp. (p. 129—131).

See C. M. Dawson (1944): Romano-Campanian Mythological Landscape Painting. Yale Univ. Press, Yale Classical Studies, vol. IX. (p. 107—108).

With regard to the above list from Peters, Allroggen-Bedel says that the Freeing of Hesione (9445, 28th January 1764) and Daedalus and Icarus (9506, 4th February 1764), both came from Herculaneum and were both from a blue wall.”

Google Cultural Institute.
© Photo: Luigi Spina.
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Keywords: ζωγραφικήί pictura ars picturae painting pittura malerei peinture φρεσκογραφία τοιχογραφία νωπογραφία wall fresco frescos frescoes opera parietale murale opere parietali murali affresco affreschi freskomalerei frischmalerei wandmalerei fresko fresken fresque fresques pintura mural ρωμαϊκές roman romana romano romani römisch römische römisches römischen römischer romain romaine romains romaines herculaneum ercolano herculanum πομπηία pompeii pompeian pompei pompeiano pompeji pompeianischen pompejanischen pompéi pompéien ελληνική μυθολογία mythologia graeca greek mythology mitologia greca griechische mythologie grecque δαίδαλος daedalus daidalos dedalo dädalus dédale ἴκαρος ίκαρος icarus ikaros ikarus icaro icare serta garland garlands ghirlanda ghirlandi girlande guirlande γιρλάντα tree albero baum arbre δέντρο from da von de ἡράκλειον ερκολάνο architecture architectural composition motive motives motif motifs architettura composizione architettonica motivo architettonico motivi architettonici architektur architektonische komposition architektonisches motiv architecturale architecturaux αρχιτεκτονική σύνθεση fence paling palisade fencing palizzata steccato recinto zaun umzäunung palissade enceinte clôture barrière φράχτης sanctuarium sanctuary of santuario schrein sanctuaire ιερό του house the dancer diana i vi 17 10 casa della danzatrice di seascape coastal landscape paesaggio marino marittimo costiero seelandschaft küstenlandschaft paysage marin côtier boat barca boot bateau canot barque βάρκα fisherman pescatore fischer pêcheur ψαράς fall caduta sturz des la chute d’icare πτώση ικάρου 9 inv no 9506