Garden landscape
Fresco of the Third style from Pompeii (VI. 17. 42).
Tiberian age (14—37 CE).
Inv. Nos. 40690 / 40691 / 40692.Pompeii, Archaeological ParkPhoto by Oleg Belaychuk

Garden landscape.

Fresco of the Third style from Pompeii (VI. 17. 42).
Tiberian age (14—37 CE).
Inv. Nos. 40690 / 40691 / 40692.

Pompeii, Archaeological Park
(Pompei, Parco Archeologico).

Pompeii, House of Golden Bracelet (VI, 17, 42, 32).
House of Golden Bracelet (VI, 17, 42, oecus 32).

Il giardino dipinto della Casa del Bracciale d’Oro

da Pompei, insula occidentalis 42
III stile, età tiberiana
Soprintendenza Archeologica di Pompei

The House of the Golden Bracelet was called like this because the skeleton of a woman wearing a golden bracelet was found in one of its rooms. Three different decorative styles can be seen together here: the house was in fact restored after the earthquake of AD 62, but it also conserved the garden paintings belonging to the preceding decorations.

The walls were decorated with a black background socle with tufts of vegetal essences, a middle partition with a cane fence above which is a luxurious garden and an upper part with a black background with ornamental elements on red background, festoons and architectonical winds.

The decoration is dominated by the presence of a garden with flowers and shrubs such as oleanders, viburnums and strawberry trees, and it is populated by many birds, among which are swallows, doves, turtledoves, nightingales, magpies. By the side of a fountain with gushing water are herms with almost portrayal faces, holding little pictures depicting Maenads or Ariadne sleeping. Theatrical masks are hanging from above. On the back wall is a rectangular niche above which is a dove with its wings spread. The wall ends with a lunette decorated by a circular basin with four doves.

For its placement and its dimensions, this small room must have been a private space; it probably served as a small office, characterized by a soft light and by the contact with nature, a place like a secret shelter where the house owner could devote himself to his cultural interests.

The decoration of this room can be considered as the closest example in the Vesuvian area to the decoration of the famous room from the Villa of Livia in Prima Porta, Rome.

© 2008. Photo: Oleg Belaychuk.
The exhibition “Rosso Pompeiano. La decorazione pittorica nelle collezioni del Museo di Napoli e a Pompei”. Rome, Museo Nazionale Romano, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme (20.12.2007—31.03.2008).
© 2008. Text: museum information.
Keywords: ζωγραφικήί pictura ars picturae painting pittura malerei peinture φρεσκογραφία τοιχογραφία νωπογραφία wall fresco frescos frescoes opera parietale murale opere parietali murali affresco affreschi freskomalerei frischmalerei wandmalerei fresko fresken fresque fresques pintura mural ρωμαϊκές roman romana romano romani römisch römische römisches römischen römischer romain romaine romains romaines iii third style terzo stile pompeiano dritten stil troisième πομπηία pompeii pompeian pompei pompeji pompeianischen pompejanischen pompéi pompéien garland garlands ghirlanda ghirlandi girlande guirlande serta γιρλάντα wreath kranz couronne corona tree albero baum arbre δέντρο bird birds uccello vogel oiseau πουλί theatrical mask masks maschere maschera teatrale theatermaske theatermasken masques masque de théâtre θεατρική μάσκα flower flowers fiore fiori blume blumen fleur fleurs flos flores λουλούδι λουλούδια house of the golden bracelet gold vi 17 42 casa del bracciale d’oro garden landscape paesaggio giardino garten gartenlandschaft paysage jardin τοπίο κήπου κήπο dove doves colomba colombo colombi piccione piccioni taube tauben colombe colombes pigeon pigeons columba columbæ columbae περιστέρι περιστέρια herm term erma herme hermès herma oscillum oscilla nightingale usignolo nachtigall rossignol luscinia megarhynchos αηδόνι rose-bush rosa rosenstock rosenstrauch rose rosier τριαντάφυλλο ρόδο vase vaso δοχείο βάζο fence paling palisade fencing palizzata steccato recinto zaun umzäunung palissade enceinte clôture barrière φράχτης lamp lampada lampe λάμπα chandelier luster lampadario kronleuchter lustre πολυέλαιος spread wings ali spiegate flügel ausbreiten déployer des ailes votive tablet image picture tavoletta votiva immagine tafel votivtafel votivtablette tafelgemälde tablette tableau pinax pinakes tabula tabulae tabella tabellae πίναξ trellis trellises griglia grata inferriata gitter grille treillis καφάσι κάγκελο κιγκλίδωμα pillar with figures säule mit bildnissen colonne supportant un stylo-pinax stylopinax stilopinakion stilo-pinakion στυλοπινάκιον στῡλοπῐνάκιον festoon festone feston inv no 40690 40691 40692