Ptolemy II and Arsinoe (the “Gonzaga Cameo”)
Sardonyx. 3rd century BCE.
15.7 × 11.8 cm.
Saint Petersburg, The State Hermitage MuseumInv. No. Ж 291.

Ptolemy II and Arsinoe (the “Gonzaga Cameo”).

Sardonyx. 3rd century BCE.
15.7 × 11.8 cm.
Inv. No. Ж 291.

Saint Petersburg, The State Hermitage Museum

Came to the Museum from the Josephine de Beauharnais collection in 1814.
Before 1630 belonged to the Gonzagas, Dukes of Mantua.
From 1630 to 1648 was housed in the Habsburg treasury in Prague Kremlin.
From 1648 to 1689 was owned by the Swedish Queen Christina.
In 1689 found its way into the collection of the Dukes of Odescalchi;
in 1794 was acquired for the Vatican by Pope Pius 6th.
In 1798 the cameo was brought to France.
Stefani, Putevoditel, str. 72; N. E. Makarenko, Khudozhestvennye sokrovishcha Ermitazha, Petrograd, 1916, str. 240, ris. 87; M. I. Maksimova, Kameya Gonzaga, Leningrad, 1924; Maksimova, Reznye kamni, str. 94, tabl. IV; Vystavka portreta, str. 21; E. Babelon, La gravure en pierres fines: camées et intailles, Paris, 1894, p. 135, fig. 104; Furtwängler, Die antiken Gemmen, Taf. LIII, 2; G. Rodenwaldt, Kunst der Antike, Propyläen-Kunstgeschichte, III, Berlin, 1944, Abb. 422; M. Bieber, The Portraits of Alexander the Great, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc., 93, 1949, p. 390, fig. 3; W. Kaiser, Ein Meister der Glyptik aus Umkreis Alexanders des Großen, JDI, 77, 1962, S. 227, Abb. 7; G. Richter, The Engraved Gems of the Greeks, Etruscans and Romans, I, London, 1968, p. 155, Nr 611.
© 1971 Photo, text: Neverov O. Antique cameos in the Hermitage Collection. Aurora Art Publishers. Leningrad. 1971. P. 75—76, pl. 1

Keywords: gemma glyptics gem gems glittica gliptica gemme glyptik glyptique απεικόνιση portrait portraiture ritratto ritrattistica porträtmalerei porträt sardonyx sardonica cameo cammeo male female portrait of ptolemy ii philadelphus and arsinoe ii the gonzaga cameo arsinoe ii philadelphos helmet ptolemaios aegis auspices helmet headpiece with laureate wreath armour head of medusa gorgon evil genius of horror inv no ж 291
History of Ancient Rome