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: . . 13. , 2009. . 39.

.3 , VI . . . - , . VI . . . . , , , , . - : (V. 65. 3; 91; 94. 1); (V. 73); (V. 96); (V. 97); I (VII. 133); (VI. 105106). (V. 73) .

Ἀθηναῖοι δὲ μετὰ ταῦτα Κλεισθένεα καὶ τὰ ἑπτακόσια ἐπίστια τὰ διωχθέντα ὑπὸ Κλεομένεος μεταπεμψάμενοι πέμπουσι ἀγγέλους ἐς Σάρδις, συμμαχίην βουλόμενοι ποιήσασθαι πρὸς Πέρσας ἠπιστέατο γὰρ σφίσι [πρὸς] Λακεδαιμονίους τε καὶ Κλεομένεα ἐκπεπολεμῶσθαι. Ἀπικομένων δὲ τῶν ἀγγέλων ἐς τὰς Σάρδις καὶ λεγόντων τὰ ἐντεταλμένα Ἀρταφρένης ὁ Ὑστάσπεος Σαρδίων ὕπαρχος ἐπειρώτα τίνες ἐόντες ἄνθρωποι καὶ κῇ γῆς οἰκημένοι δεοίατο Περσέων σύμμαχοι γενέσθαι πυθόμενος δὲ πρὸς τῶν ἀγγέλων ἀπεκορύφου σφι τάδε εἰ μὲν διδοῦσι βασιλέϊ Δαρείῳ Ἀθηναῖοι γῆν τε καὶ ὕδωρ, ὁ δὲ συμμαχίην σφι σινεθίθετο, εἰ δὲ μὴ διδοῦσι, ἀπαλλάσσεσθαι αὐτοὺς ἐκέλευε. Οἱ δὲ ἄγγελοι ἐπὶ σφέων αὐτῶν βαλόμενοι διδόναι ἔφασαν, βουλόμενοι τὴν συμμαχίην ποιήσασθαι. Οὗτοι μὲν δὴ ἀπελθόντες ἐς τὴν ἑωυτῶν αἰτίας μεγάλας εἶχον.

, 700 , , , : , , . , , , , , . , : , , , . , , . (. .   . .), .

. . . , , .4 1. . , 2. . , 508/7 . . .  3. . . . , , - , , , , 4. , . , , , , 5. , , - , , . ; , , - .

, I, , , . , , - 6. , . . . 7. . , , . , , . . , , 8. , . , , , (, , , .5 )9. 10. . , , 11. . . 12. . , , 13. , , . (V. 73) , (, , , . , ), 14. : , ? , , . -,   , , -, - , . , .6 , , .

. , 508/7 . . . , , , , 486/5 . . . , 15,   16. . . . , , , , , 17. , . , , , , . .   hος ἐμ Με͂δον hε͂κει18. , , , , , , .

( , ), 508/7 . . ., . , , . , , . , 19. . . , , (sic!)20. . . , , 21. , , , , - 22. . . , . , 508/7 . . . .7 23. . . , , , . , . : (treaty-vassal), (contract-breaker); , , (a disobedient vassal), 24. . , , ; . , . , 491 . . . , , , . 480479 . . .25

. , - 26. , , , , . , I. . 27.

, , . . . -, , 28. -, . . , ( , ). , . .8 (ἐπὶ σφέων),   αἰτίας μεγάλας εἶχον (V. 73). -, (V. 73),   Οἱ δὲ ἄγγελοι βαλόμενοι διδόναι ἔφασαν. , , : , , , - 29. , , .


* * *

508/7 . . . - . , - . , . , I , 491 . . ., , .

, 500 . . . ( 507 . . ., 499 . . .  ), , . , , , , .

(V. 96): , , . : , 30. , , . , , , , , .

.9 , , , , (V. 97), , . 31. : 20 (Hdt. V. 97; Charon. FGrH. 262 F. 10 = Plut. De Her. malign. 861c). - .


Eduard V. Rung (Kazan). Athens and Persia: the first contacts

The article is devoted to the consideration of Herodotus V. 73 about first Athenian Embassy to the Persians on the eve of the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes in Athens of 508/7 B. C. Some popular historiographys myths relating to this event are dismissed in this article. The first myth concerns the decisive role of Cleisthenes in the organizing this Embassy. The second myth is that the Athenian-Persian treaty actually has been concluded on the condition of giving the earth and the water as the signs of subjugation to Darius I. It may be concluded that the Athenian diplomatic mission to Asia of 508/7 B. C. had not resulted nor in the subjugation of Athenians to the Persians nor the establishment of alliance with them, but led to the state of uncertainty which was finished only with the next Athenian mission to Asia of ca. 500 B. C. The Artaphernes demand to restore Hippius son of Peisistratus as the Persian vassal-tyrant in Athens prompted the Athenians decision to give the military support to the Ionian Revolt of 500494 B. C. and resulted in the first crisis in the Athenian-Persian foreign relations.


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