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: . . 13. , 2009. . 225241.

.225 . . , , (XXXVI. 33. Criniti)1, 78 .2 . . . , , . , 3. , , , .

. . . . (Liv. Per. 89; App. BC. I. 101; Plut. Sulla. 33). , , . , , . , , 4, , (Brut. 178), , , (Vell. II. 27. 4), . , , - . . , . , , , , . , , -, . .226 , , , , . , . - , -, . . , .

, ,   (Plut. Pomp. 14). , , , , (Pomp. 13). . , , . (Pomp. 15), , . , (Plut. Sulla. 38). , , . , ( ) (Cic. Brut. 308, 311)5. (Plut. Crass. 6). , , - . , . : , , , 6. , , , . .

. , ( -) 7. 484 . . ., . . , . . , , . 285 . , .227 , 178 . , ; 8. , , (App. BC. I. 94)9. , , , , , , (recte  Sall. Hist. Frag. I. 55. 1810). 11. 80 . (Cic. II Verr. III. 212); , 12. , , , (Plin. NH. XXXVI. 49; 109). (Plin. NH. XXXV. 13), 13. . . . , , (Ps.-Ascon. P. 206). , , , 14.

. . . 80 ., . . , , .228 . , , , 15, . (Pomp. 15; Sulla. 34), (τὸν πάντων κάκιστον). , . , . , , , : , , , , (Plut. Sulla. 1; 3). . , , , (εὔνοια) 16. .

, 79 . . , . , , . . , . . , , , .

78 . , 17. , , , (Plut. Sulla. 34; App. BC. I. 103; Oros. V. 22. 1), , , , . , , , (Plut. Sulla. 34; Pomp. 15). , ; , , . , , .229 . , , , , (Cic. Phil. XI. 5. 17)18: , ,   . , , , , . , 19. , , , , , (Plut. Sulla. 34; 38; Pomp. 15). , 20.

78 . (ἐχθίστω τε ἀλλήλοιν), (εὐθύς) (App. BC. I. 105). , , , (ἀπὸ τῶν ἀναντίων). (V. 22) (adsertor Marianae partis). , , , , . -, , , , . . , , , , 21. , , (res gestas a Sulla rescindere), . , - , , . , , . . .230 , .

, ,   . 22, , (Plut. Gracch. 5; App. BC. I. 21; Liv. Per. 60). , , (V. 12) , . 23. 24, . , 25. , , . , (BC. I. 9596) , , .   . (Cic. Leg. agr. I. 7. 21; II. 29. 81). (BC. I. 104), 120 . , , . , , (Strabo. V. 4. 11). 26, 27. 28. , , . .

, . , . , . , . . , , , , , . .

.231 . , (Hist. Frag. I. 55). , , , 29. 30. , , , . , , 31.   . , , , 32. , , , , . . 78 ., (27). , , , , . (tyrannidem L. Sullae  1), , , (dimissurum  7); , , , , (13); (avidius fecerit  19); (tanto agmine atque animis incedit  23); (secundae res), , (24). ,   ait (16).

, . (Sulla. 34) , , , . (BC. I. 104) . , , , , , (καταπεπληγότος αὐτὸν καὶ τότε). , ? , .

(satellites), , 33 (. . ), , , .232 , , , , (periculosa libertas quieto servituto). (ad recipiendam libertatem), , (consulem, ducem et auctorem). dux. , - - , . 34. , , , . , , , , , , , , , , . , , , , . , , , . , , , , , ( ), .

, , (App. BC. I. 105). (ἐν ἄστει στάσις). , , , . , , (οἱ ἀμφὶ Λέπιδον). -, , . . , οἱ Σύλλειοι , στάσις , - . (Sulla. 38; Pomp. 15). , (πολλοί) . ὁρμάω  , , , , - . . , , , , , , . , (ἀπειλῆι), , .233 . , . , . , , . (ἀσφάλειαν) . 35.

, , . (BC. I. 107), , , . (Sall. Hist. Frag. I. 55. 12) (plebis innoxiae patrias sedes), (pauci satellites) . , , , , pauci satellites . , , , , - , . , , . . : , . , , , , . .

. , . (Cic. III Cat. 14), (Sall. Cat. 28. 4). . (castella veteranorum). , , , - , , , . , , . . , , , , , , .234 . , , (maturrime) . , , , , (Sall. Hist. Frag. I. 66; App. BC. I. 107).

, ́ . , ; , , , . . , , , , . ( ), , (homines omnium ordinum flagrantes inopia). , , , . , , ; . , , . . , , , -, (Sall. Hist. Frag. I. 77. 56). , (ibid. I. 77. 3) , , . , . , , , (ibid. I. 77. 14). , , , , , , . , , . .

(alterum consulatum), (Sall. Hist. Frag. I. 77. 15). , , , 36. , . , . , .235 , , - . , (Pomp. 16), (τὴν ἐκείνου δύναμιν). , , (καθαρὸν καὶ ὑγιαῖον) , . , . , , .

. (Sall. Hist. Frag. I. 77. 10), 77 ., , (rursus) , . . . , 37. , , , (App. BC. I. 107). , 78 . . , , . , , , , , , , . . , 1 77 . . , , , 79 . .

, , . (Sall. Hist. Frag. I. 77). , , 38 . , , 86 ., , . 39. , , . , , (privato consilio). , , . , , , ; , , (hostes rei publicae), . , , , , , . (ne quid res publica detrimenti capiat) .236 , , . . , - 40.

(Pomp. 16), , . 41. . , , , . . . . ἡγεμών. , 42. , (Plut. Pomp. 17). - (BC. I. 107), , -, , , , , .

. , ́ (πολλὰ τῆς Ἰταλίας). , , , , , , . . (App. BC. I. 107), , . . 43. (Cic. Brut. 222). , 83 . 44. , (II Agr. 89) , . , , , (Cic. II Agr. 9294). ( .237 6463 . ), , . , , , , . (Oros. V. 24. 16), 45. , . , 83 . 46. , (BC. I. 8586), . (Sest. 7) , . , , 47. (V. 22. 16), , , , . , , , , . , , . , , 48.

. , - . , , , . , , , , , (turbulentus et inquitus  Suet. Iul. 3; Gran. Lic. p. 42). . , , , , , (spe novae dissensionis), , , . . (II. 11. 34) , , , , . , , , . .

.238 . , , . , . . . . . , (App. BC. I. 107; Flor. II. 11. 67; Oros. V. 22. 16). . , (Oros. V. 22. 17), . , , -, . . . , ; , , . . (Pomp. 16) , , . , , - , , , , . (V. 24. 16), , , (bella). , - . . (App. BC. I. 107), , .

. , , . , (Plut. Pomp. 16; Oros. V. 22. 17). , .

, . - . , , , , , , (Oros. V. 22. 17). . , (Oros. V. 22. 16), , . . (V. 22. 18) , , - , . , , , , , - . .239 , (BC. I. 96), , . , , . , - . (Hist. Frag. III. 47) (gratiam) . , 77 ., , . , , , . 49: 53 (Exup. 6), . . 20 50. .

, , . . , , , . 51. (frustra  Liv. Per. 90). . . (App. BC. I. 107; Flor. II. 11. 7; Ascon. P. 16, 23)52. (Plin. NH. VII. 186). , . . 1 77 ., (Eutrop. VI. 5. 1). (V. 22. 18).

, , . . (Diod. XXXVIII. 14) , , . , , (App. BC. I. 107)53. .

, . . , , , . , .240 . . . , , , , (V. 22. 16), , , , , 53 . . . . . , , , , .

. . . . . . . 33 , , , (Plut. Brut. 12). , , . , , . , , .

. , . , . , . 70 . , . 47 . , , , , (App. BC. II. 94). , , , .

- , , , , , , . , . . , . .241 ( ), , (, ), . , . , , . , . , . (Plut. Pomp. 17), . , .


Juliy B. Tsirkin (Velikij Novgorod). Lepiduss Rebellion

By the end of Sullas dictatorship there was an opposition inside the winners camp. M. Aemilius Lepidus, a consul 78 B. C., also belonged to the opposition.

Immediately upon taking an office he talked out for changing Sullas rules. He was aimed at uniting around him those opposing to Sulla. Failing to attract Sullas veterans, he tried to attract Italics, whose land had been confiscated in favour of the former. Lepiduss agitation caused a rebellion in Etruria, and armies of Lepidus and Catulus, two consuls fighting with each other, were sent to crush a rebellion. Instead, Lepidus delivered an ultimatum to the Senate and demanded to cancel Sullas regime and his acts, and led his army to Rome. Pompey, an actual commander-in-chief, destroyed Lepiduss army at Romes walls and fought Gallia Cisalpina back. Catulus, acting in Etruria mostly by diplomatic methods, pushed a rebellious leader out of there. Lepidus died trying to invade Sardinia, and the rest of his army evacuated top Spain and joined Sertorius. Thus, the first attempt to liquidate Sullas regime failed because of objective and subjective factors. In general, Lepiduss rebellion played an important role in the crash of Republican regime in Rome.


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