ìåòàìîðôîçû èäåîëîãèè è ïîëèòèêè èìïåðàòîðà Àâãóñòà
Ìîñêâà—Êàëóãà, 1994 ã. Èçä-âî ÊÃÏÓ, 1994 ã. 442 ñ.
The monograph „The Republican Monarchy“ : the Metamorphoses of Ideology and Policy of Emperor Augustus consists of an introduction, six chapters and a conclusion. At the beginning Augustus’ time is characterized as an important landmark in European history and the meaning of the Latin term “Res publica” is specified. It is pointed out in the survey of historical sources that the assessment of Augustus’ principate as a camouflaged monarchy can be found only in works written many years after his death.
Chapter I contains an analysis of the Western and Soviet historical works on the issue in its bearing on the events of the 20th century. Chapters II and III show how the Roman patriotic idea of restoration was shaping itself during the final decades of the Republic, while the period of the Civil Wars revealed the vitality of views based on “the Roman myth” and everyday values of the civic community. Octavian’s political talent displayed itself in his ability to feel the potential of those ideas and to use them opportunely. This was far from difficult, since his consciousness was part of the public mentality. The “return of the republic” in January 27
It is stressed in the conclusion that the transformation of “rei publicae” into a monarchy turned out to be a continuous process, based not on isolated legal and/or political acts, but on the complex metamorphoses in the public mentality. The significance of the upheaval was realized only by the oncoming generations, when “republicanism” was transformed into an ideology of opposition to the tyrannical encroachments of the princepses, on the one hand, and into a negligible decor on the strengthening monarchy, on the other. Yet the contemporaries were unable to discern the splendid butterfly of monarchy in the chrysalis of “rei publicae restitutae”.
The author, Jakob Mezheritsky, is the lecturer and head of the chair of foreign history of the Kaluga state pedagogical institute.