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, ( ), (paktis: Pind. fr. 125). , , , , .

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- ,     , , , (Plut. Inst. Lac. 17 p. 238 c).

, , - (Mixolydios tonos), (Plut. De mus. 28 p. 1140 f). , (Plut. De mus. 4 p. 1132 d; 12 p. 1135 c: 28 p. 1140 f; cf.: Poll. 4, 65; Aristid. Quint. 1, 16)3.

? , , . nomoi (Plut. De mus. 3 p. 1132 c; 5 p. 1133 b; Plin. NH 7, 204; Sud. s. v. Terpandros; Procl. Chrest. 4552 Sev.; FgrHist 273 F 77). , (Plut. De mus. 4 p. 1132 d; 6 p. 1133 b-c). nomoi (nomos  ). , VII . . .   , (Hes. Th. 66; 417; Op. 276; Alc. Supp. 25, 5), , , (Arist. Ath. 7, 1  ).

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. , :   , (Arist. Pol. 3, 9, 56 p. 1285 a 29 b 3; 3, 10, 1 p. 1285 b 2526; 3, 10, 10 p. 1286 b 3440; 4, 8, 2 p. 1295 a 717; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 5, 73),   , (Thuc. 4, 60; Arist. Ath. 38, IG 12 (7) 3, 31).

  ,   . , (Duris = Fgr Hist 76 F 81; Plut. De mus. 6 p. 1133 c). (Plut. De mus. 4 p. 1132 d).     540 . . . ( : Plut. De mus. 6 p. 1133 c).

.8 , . , , , , , . . , VII . . .

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, , (Plut. De mus. 42 p. 1145 b).

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(Plut. De mus. 9 p. 1134 b).

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, (gymnopaidike: Ath. 14 p. 630 d; Philod. De mus. p. 15 K; Philostr. VA 6, 21; cf.: Xen. An. 6, I, 11). , . . . (Hom. Il. 18, 590 sqq.). , , , . .     . , ( .9 : Glauc. = FGH II 24 fr. 4 = Plut. De mus. 10 p. 1134 d; 12 p. 1135 c).

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: , . . , , , . , - III . . ., , , (Plut. Agis. 10, 6).

, VII . . .,  . . , 640 622 . . . (Sud s. v. Tyrtaios, 3 p. 520  Ol. 30; Hieronym Chron. Ol. 36; Euseb. Chron. Ol. 37  Timeus pro Tyrtaeus)7.

,     , . , , . , , , . (Platon. Leg. 1 p. 629 a; Lyc. Leocr. 106 sq.; Diod. 8, 271 sq.; Philod. De mus. 17, 3; Paus. 4, 15, 6; 16, 2; Ael. VH 12, 50 etc.)8.

. , . . , . . , , - (Philoch. ap. Ath. 14, 630 f = FgrHist 328 F 216; Philod. De mus. 17, 3; Paus. 4, 15, 6; 16, 6; Sud. 4, 610, 5).

? , , . (Cic. Tusc. 2, 16). . . , enoplia (Ath. 14 p. 630). () (Plut. Lyc. 21; Inst. Lac. 16 p. 238 b; cf.: Thuc. 5, 70; Xen. LP 13, 7 sq.; Val. Max. 2, 6; Poll. 4, 82). - , , , , , (Plut. Apophth. Lac. 2, 36 p. 211 a; cf.: Thuc. 5, 69, 2; Schol. ad Thuc. 5, 69).

, . Kastoreion  , (Plut. De mus. 26 p. 1140 c; Poll. 4, 78). , (.: Dio Chrys. 2, 29, 59). metrus Messeniacus ( ) .10 (Mar. Victorin. Art. Gramm. 2 p. 2522 Putsch), . , , , (Heph. Enchorid. 46 Gaisford; cf.: Dio Chrys. 1, 92; Schol. ad loc.; Tzetz. Chil. I, 692 sqq.).

: , (Poll. 4, 107). (Plut. Lyc. 21; Inst. Lac. 15).

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, . . (Philoch. ap. Ath. 14, 630 f = FgrHist 328 F 216; cf.: Tzetz. Chil. I, 692 sqq.).

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  . (ap. Hesych s. v. Alkman) 672669 . . . (XXVII ),   660657 . . . (XXX ). (P. Oxy. 2390 = PMG 5) 10. , VII . . .

(ho aristos melon poietes  Plut. De mus. 14 p. 1136 b; Paus. 3, 15, 2 sq.). (PMG 37; 51; 109) (PMG 24; 38; 41). , . , , . , (PMG 161; Plut. De mus. 12 p. 1135 c; Hdn. Fig. p. 101 S.; Lesbon. Gramm. 5; Hephest. Enchor. 14, 6 p. 46).

-   , . , , . . . - , ( : machontai  PMG 1, 63)11.

? (PMG 16). , .12 - (FHG II 210).

. , , , , , (Ael. VH 12, 50).

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, .   ,   . . VII . . . . , . , . , . - , .

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XXXVII LVI ( 632553 . . .: Sud. s. v. Stesichoros). . - . , .

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. . Palinodia, , (Isocr. 10, 64; Platon. Phedr. 243 b; 244 a; R. 586 c; Ep. 319 e; Paus. 3, 19, 13; Sud. s. v. Stesichoros)12. , 10 . , (Paus. 3, 7, 7; 15, 3; 19, 9)13. , , , .

, , , , (Schol. Eur. Or. 46; Simon. fr. 44)14. . , .13 (Philod. De mus. 18). , :

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, , (Plut. Lyc. 21). V . . . (Eur. Alc. 445454).

V . . . (Diehl. Ant. Lyr. I, 1 p. 87).   , ,   15. ; ,   - , , , , , (Plut. Inst. Lac. 34 p. 2396).

, , , - . , . (Her. 1, 24; Paus. 3, 25, 7; Ael. VH 12, 45).

. , , , , , , , . (fr. 199 Snell).

, (dieteresan) , , (Ath. 14, 33 p. 632 f).

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-, . VII VI . . . .

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-, , , . , , , , , . . , , , , .

-,    . , . , .14 , . , , , , . , (-, ), .

? , ( , ). , . , (, : PMG 64; : PMG 1, 3439: : PLG III 12 = fr. 4 Diehl; : PMG 210). , . . (), (), (, , , , ), (). , - - . , , (Zenob. Prov. 5, 9).

harmozein , , . () (Aristoph. Eq. 989; Platon. Phib. 56 a; R. 349 e; 591 d; Bellermann. Anon. scr. mus. 28). , , (Philol. ap. Nicomach. Harm. 9). , . , ; , harmosynoi. (Hesych s. v. harmosynoi). , harmostes harmoster, , , , . , . , . (386 . . .)16.

, , . , . , , . .15 . . , harmostes/harmoster.


SUMMARY

Zaikov A. V.

Musicians in early Sparta: the creation of genres and the counteraction to the internal strife.


The subject of this paper is an influence which the music  and poetry-exerted on the political and social situation in Sparta in the seventh and sixth centuries B. C. In the archaic epoch in Sparta there was a certain domestic extraordinary mechanism of overcoming civil strife. This post was filled by the talented musicians, invited from other cities and supported by the authority of the Delphian oracle of Apollo. As a rule Spartans set them the task of establishing some festival, connected with some state cult. Their function gave rise to a quite political authority. They acted as the advisors of the people and arbitrators. I dare say that the official title of this extraordinary political post was the word harmostes/harmoster.


  • 1 . , , . , , .
  • 2.: Hieron. Chron. Ol. 23; Marm. Par. Ol. 33; Plut. De mus. 5 p. 1133 a.
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  • 8 , , , . , (4, 610, 5), .
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