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: . . 13. , 2009. . 251261.

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. VI.5.1, , . . , (CIL. IV. 3509, 7947) -. I.4.5 ( ) . , , , . , 8. -, , . , . , , , (duae domus)9, . , , (ut plerique faciunt). , , , pater familias, - .

VI . . ., IV . . ., . II . . . , , . - , , IV . . . .254 10.

. IVIII . . .11 (42580 . . .). , : VI.1.910, 23 ( ), VI.2.35, 3031 ( ), VI.14.1113, 1520 ( ) . ( ) - . , II . . ., , , , . , 12. : VI.14.1113 ( ) VII.7.2.45 ( ); VI.2.4 ( ), VI.6.1.8 ( ) 13. , , II . . ., (VII.9.46; VII.13.5).

II . . . (V.2.2 VII.9.49)14. , , , II . . . ( ) .

. , , pater familias ( ) - , , , , . , .

.255 , 15, , 16, - . : , , 17. ( , ). pater familias mos maiorum, , , .

, , actio institoria, , institor. institoria , pater familias , , - , - , 18. (in solidum). . (praepositio) (proscriptio), , .

Pater familias , .   actio tributoria  , , , , (scientia domini) . , . (voluntas) , . , , , , . , . , , , .256 , 19, .

- . , . , 20. , , . Ni. Popi(di) E(pidi) (fili)21. , , . , L. Popidius Ampliatus (CIL. IV. 2658, 2659) .

, , , , . , , , , , , , 22. , , , - .

- . IV . . . - , , , . . , , 23.

, - 24. II . . . , , , - . .257 25. (decumanus maximus) , 26. , , 62 . . . , 27.

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, , . , : VI.3.3; VII.1.36; VII.2.36; VIII.4.262932. .258 . VII.12.11 VII.occ.9 : 33. VI.14.3434. (V.3.8; V.4.12; IX.1.3, 33; IX.5.4) , 35. : , 36. . , 62 . . . 37, .

, - 38.   , , ,   , ( ) - , .

. . (I.4.5), , 39, (I.4.7 I.4.26). . 40, (CIL. IV. 1041, 1045).   . ,   VII.2.20, 41, (VII.2.22) (VII.2.41). , VII.2.17 , , , , (IX.3.1012)42.

.259 , . , , , . , , (. . ). , - . . I . -, , , , 43. , , 44. VII.2.36, , 45. , , , , .

- , : . , . , VI.2.6 VI.2.35. VI.14.3133; VI.5.15; VI.1.141646. . 37 (hospitia et diversoria). , , . , , . , , , (CIL. IV. 8660; 8903; 8991 .).

.  28 , .  10 , .260 , 47. . , , , , 48. , , , 49. , , , .

, , , - , , . . . , . , , , , . - , , - . : , , , .

, , , . - . ,   11 58 350 3 000 2 . . (V.4.A). , , , . ,   . : .261 50. mos maiorum . , , (CIL. IV. 7305, 7416, 7979), , . , , . . - , , , , .

, II . . . - , , .


Boris S. Ljapustin (Moscow). Economic Life of Nobility in Pompeii

Material from Pompeii allows to restore the picture of economic life of nobility in the city, who joined, quite actively, the commercial life of the community, starting from II B. C. There they joined activities of free craftspeople, who worked in small workshops. Domus, usually belonging to one family, becomes the center of families economic life. The number of small shops and workshops around was growing; and they were given, as peculia, to individuals, who were under the power of a houseowner. Thus the house became the center of integration between private, public and economic spheres of life. Heads of old Pompeii families were guided by the same ideas, as old Rome families, in their activities. As a result, from the end of Republic to beginning of the Empire, the economic activities, supplemented by the labour of small merchants and craftspeople, encompassed the commercial life of Pompeii, so that after the earthquake of 62 A. D., despite an active change of house owners, there was no important enlargement in the network of taberna. The economic life of noble families had different forms, which found their representations in space. In some cases passes from taberna to residential area illustrated the fact that there was connection between a familys private life and its merchant-craft activities. In others, patres familias in an old Rome style kept segregating commercial and residential areas with a strong wall.


  • 1 , , -: 2030 . ( . . . .; ., 1949. . 104; Carrington R. C. Pompeii. Oxf., 1936. P. 8) 810 . (Eschebach H. Die städtebauliche Entwicklung des antiken Pompeji. Heidelberg, 1970. S. 61).
  • 2Pompei. Linformatica al servizio di una città antica. Analisi delle funzioni urbane. Napoli; Roma, 1988. P. 6373.
  • 3Wallace-Hadrill A. Houses and Households: Sampling Pompeii and Herculaneum // Marriage, Divorce, and Children in Ancient Rome / Ed. by B. Rawson. Oxf., 1991. P. 204214.
  • 4Boyce G. K. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome, 1937; Orr D. G. Roman Domestic Religion: the Evidence of the Household Shrines // ANRW. 1978. Tl. 2. Bd. 16.2. S. 15571591.
  • 5CIL. IV. 132: locantur tabernae cum pergulis suis et cenacula equestria et domus.
  • 6Wallace-Hadrill A. Op. cit. P. 220.
  • 7Dig. 8. 2. 36 (Pap. 7 quaest.): Binas quis aedes habebat una contignatione tectas: utrasque diversis legavit. Dixi, quia magis placeat tignum posse duorum esse ita, ut certae partes cuiusque sint contignationis, ex regione cuiusque domini fore tigna nec ullam invicem habituros actionem ius non esse immissum habere.
  • 8Eschebach H. Op. cit. S. 118.
  • 9Dig. 8. 4. 6. 1 (Ulp. 28 ad Sab.): si dominus pariete medio aedificato unam domum in duas diviserit, ut plerique faciunt: nam et hic pro duabus domibus accipi debet.
  • 10Maiuri A. Pompei. Saggi nellarea del Foro // NS. 1941. P. 371374; Gassner V. Die Kaufläden in Pompeji. Wien, 1986. S. 60.
  • 11 , , , .
  • 12Gassner V. Op. cit. S. 4750.
  • 13Ibid. S. 53; . . ., 2001. . 146147.
  • 14Gassner V. Op. cit. S. 51, 63.
  • 15 . . . ., 1986. . 159.
  • 16Nicolet C. Lordre équestre à lépoque républicaine. P., 1966. T. 1. P. 361.
  • 17Cic. De off. I. 151: Mercatura autem, si tenuis est, sordida putanda est.
  • 18Gai. 4. 71: cum quis tabernae aut cuilibet negotiationi filium seruumue aut quemlibet extraneum, siue seruum siue liberum praeposuerit.
  • 19Gassner V. Op. cit. S. 5960.
  • 20Della Corte M. Case ed abitanti di Pompei. Napoli, 1965. P. 150153; Castrén P. Ordo populusque Pompeianus. Roma, 1975. P. 207209.
  • 21Della Corte M. Op. cit. P. 151.
  • 22Varr. RR. I. 2. 23: neque ideo non in quo agro idoneae possunt esse non exercendae, atque ex iis capiendi fructus.
  • 23Maiuri A. Lultima fase edilizia di Pompei. Roma, 1942. P. 58.
  • 24 , , , - (Wallace-Hadrill A. Op. cit. P. 225226).
  • 25  .: Gassner V. Op. cit. S. 4581.
  • 26Ibid. S. 85.
  • 27Maiuri A. Lultima fase P. 58.
  • 28 . . . . 221222; Maiuri A. Lultima fase P. 9899; Overbeck J. Pompeji in seinen Gebäuden, Altertümern und Kunstwerken. Leipzig, 1884. S. 300307.
  • 29Fiorelli G. Descrizione di Pompei. Napoli, 1875. P. 102, 106.
  • 30Overbeck J. Op. cit. S. 325326.
  • 31Ibid. S. 342.
  • 32Maiuri A. Lultima fase P. 164165, 167, 168170, 172173.
  • 33Fiorelli G. Op. cit. P. 283, 440.
  • 34NS. 1876. P. 195; 1887. P. 221.
  • 35NS. 1878. P. 41; 1901. P. 208; Fiorelli G. Op. cit. P. 5859, 367.
  • 36  .: . . I . . . // . ., 1981. . 4042.
  • 37Gassner V. Op. cit. S. 25.
  • 38Rostovzeff M. The Social and Economic History of the Roman Empire. Oxf., 1926. P. 7274; Maiuri A. Lultima faseP. 163167. .: Lepore E. Orientamenti per la storia sociale di Pompei // Pompeiana. Raccolta di studi per il secondo centenario degli scavi di Pompei. Napoli, 1950. P. 202208; Gassner V. Op. cit. S. 2425.
  • 39Castrén P. Op. cit. P. 207209.
  • 40Della Corte M. Op. cit. P. 256, 263.
  • 41Ibid. P. 150153.
  • 42Ibid. P. 157160; Castrén P. Op. cit. P. 21, 227228.
  • 43Dig. 7. 1. 13. 7 (Ulp. 18 ad Sab.): Sed si aedium usus fructus legatus sit, nerva filius et lumina immittere eum posse ait: sed et colores et picturas et marmora poterit et sigilla et si quid ad domus ornatum. sed neque diaetas transformare vel coniungere aut separare ei permittetur, vel aditus posticasve vertere, vel refugia aperire, vel atrium mutare, vel virdiaria ad alium modum convertere: excolere enim quod invenit potest qualitate aedium non immutata.
  • 44Ibid. 8: item si domus usus fructus legatus sit, meritoria illic facere fructuarius non debet nec per cenacula dividere domum: atquin locare potest, sed oportebit quasi domum locare. nec balineum ibi faciendum est. quod autem dicit meritoria non facturum ita accipe quae volgo deversoria vel fullonica appellant.
  • 45Fiorelli G. Op. cit. P. 188189.
  • 46Ibid. P. 8385; NS. 1876. P. 195; Overbeck J. Op. cit. S. 300303; Eschebach H. Op. cit. S. 133, 130, 127.
  • 47 . . . .; ., 1958. . 185; Carrington R. C. Pompeii. Oxf., 1936. P. 116, 124; NS. 1921. P. 436441.
  • 48Varr. RR. II. 6. 5: Greges fiunt fere mercatorum, ut eorum qui e Brundisino aut Apulia asellis dossuariis comportant ad mare oleum aut vinum itemque frumentum aut quid aliut.
  • 49Varr. RR. I. 2. 23:si ager secundum viam et oportunus viatoribus locus, aedificandae tabernae devorsoriae, quae tamen, quamvis sint fructuosae, nihilo magis sunt agri culturae partes.
  • 50 . . . . 124126.
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