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,   VIIV . . . , 8. , , , , 9. , , ,     10. , , 140 11. , 12, () .168 . , (Num. 8; 14; 18; 22). IIIII . . ., 13, , , . . .

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-, , VI . . . , VI . . . , . 510 . . . ,   , 21. , .   , 22. , , 23. 24. 25. 26. , , VI . . . . .170 27,     28. , (Arist. fr. 609 Rose).

510 509 . . . - . , , (Dionys. IV. 68), 29, 30 31. , , , . (summa prudentia), (Cic. Brut. 53). , , , 32, , , , . , (Dionys. V. 17. 3), (Liv. II. 8. 13),   , . , , , . , 33.

.171 34. , VI . . . , , 35. , VI . . ., , 36. .

V . . . 37. XII (Diog. Laert. VIII. 2. 72), . , XII , , (Cic. Tuscul. IV. 34). V . . . , III . . . , 38. , V . . ., - IVIII . . ., .

XII . , 39. XII . , 40. , , .172 , 41, 42. XII , 43. , 44. . , , ( ) , , ,   45. , VIV . . ., , 46.

XII . , 47. , , XII ter tabulae quaternae48, . . . , , , , 49. , 50. , .173 - , - (Dionys. I. 19. 3). XII   , , . . XII 51. , V . . . , 52.

, 53, . , XII 54. , - , , V . . . (Cic. Tuscul. IV. 23) XII .

, , IV . . . , IV . . . 55. 56.

XII , , , . , , , . . , .174 57. , , 58 , 59, , , , , 10 , , (Num. 12). . , 60. , 61.

. , , 62. , , , , delubrum  , 63. , , , delubrum 64.

, 65. , , , . . , , 66  , , , 67. , , .175 , .   lituus  , , delubra, . , . , . , , , , 68. , 69 70, , 71. , 27 , , . 72.

, 73, , . , , 74. , , 75, 76. , .176 77.

, , 78, . .79. . , , , - 80. , 81 82. 83. , , , 84. , - 85.

, , . , . , VIV . . . .177 , - , . , II  I . . ., . , , , 86.


PYTHAGOREANISM IN THE ROMAN AUGURAL LAW


L. L. Kofanov


There are many books in Russian and foreigh historiography devoted to the Greek influence on Rome and the Roman law. However these books, as a rule, deal with a rather late influence relating to the 3rd c. B. C. And when the influence of the archaic era is discussed, first of all it means that of Etruscans. But in the antique tradition there was a stable belief in a deep Greek influence just on archaic Rome in general and the Roman law in particular. Thus the legend about the Pythagoreanism of Numa Pompilius and the information of the tradition about pre-Roman legal customs, which were common for all South Italy, witness in favour of the existence of early common Greek and Latin layers. But both the reforms of the first Roman consuls and historical facts as well as the content of the XII tables show the influence of the Pythagorean science of sacrifices exerted on Romans at the end of the 6th-5th c. B. C.

The influence of Greeks and, particularly, that of Pythagoreanism on the Roman augural law is the most obvious. It can be traced in a number of religious regulations, namely, the interdiction of raising monuments to gods, that of eating meat and beans, the very character of fortune-telling by the flight of birds and by stars, the interdiction of going along straight roads, the doctrine of numbers, etc. Thus, one can draw a conclusion about the proximity of the religious systems of South Italy and Rome. However it looks more like a close connection between the cultures of these areas and their early interaction rather than the adoption of Pythagoreanism by Romans.


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  • 86Cic. Orat. II. 154: , ; , , , , (. . . ).
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