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Medvedev A. P. New discoveries in the eastern necropolis of Phanagoria (20052007)

The article presents the results of the latest excavations in the Eastern necropolis of ancient Phanagoria. They were performed in 20052007 by archaeologists of the Voronezh State University, who worked as a part .363 of the Taman archaeological expedition of Institute of archaeology of the Russian academy of sciences. In the central part of the Eastern necropolis two pits were dug with the total area of 3994 m2. For three years of work we have discovered 120 burials belonging to different ages: 26 hellenistic (31st centuries BC), 44 Roman (1-3rd centuries AD), and 24 late ancient ones (45th centuries AD). People were buried in burial constructions of various types: in ground graves, pits with undercuts, catacombs, stone boxes, ground vaults, and rare children burials  in amphorae and jars. We have taken a rich collection of artifacts. The most interesting among them are stone tomb reliefs depicting farewell scenes, a sepulchral feast, Bosporian horsemen. In one of the burials a so-called Sindic sculpture was found. Among the accompanying goods we should mention a series of terracotta figurines, especially those depicting horsemen and a dismounted warrior. We have discovered a necropolis of the Great migration age (stages D1D2), containing burials with the pronounced barbarian features. Excavations of the Eastern necropolis of Phanagoria allowed us to lighten some sides of spiritual life and material culture of multiethnic population of late ancient Phanagoria, which had been previously unknown.

.364

. 1. : 1  98; 2  100; 3  71; 4  46; 5  2007 .

.365

. 2. : 12  - 2007 .; 3  72; 4  87; 5  80.

.366

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. 5. .


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