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Caedes mariana tabulae sullanae: 8881 . . .

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.195 (8881 . . .). , , .

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.196

(XXXVIII. 4. 1) , 87 . (τοὺς ἐπιφανεστάτους τῶν ἐχθρῶν πάντας ἀποκτείναι). -, , , , , . - 1. : . , . , , 2. , , . , ; . , , , []. - ; . ; , , 3.

. , , , , 4. , 5. , , , , . : , , , , , , .197 6. , , , ; , , , , . , - (τούς τι ἔχοντας χρημάτων), . , . [] .. (σφαγαὶ) (fr. 102. 89, 11).

, : , , , , . ?

, , 7,  , , , , 102 .8, 9. 10, , , 11, , 12. , (BC. I. 74. 341), , . , , (. . ), 13. -, , , 14. 15.

.198 . (Liv. Per. 80; Vell. Pat. II. 24. 2; Plut. Mar. 45. 3). , , , , , 1 , 16. , ,   (. , . . , .).

, , 17. . . , , : , , , , , . , , 18. , ,  .

, , . , , . , - . , , : , , , , , ,   - ( ). , , (sepulcrum Catuli  Flor. III. 21. 26), , , , , .

, , , 19. , ,   . , , 20. 21.

, . , , , .199 88 . , (App. BC. I. 60. 271; Diod. XXXVII. 29. 3). (omen imminentis proscriptionis  II. 19. 1). , 22. : ( 12 )23   8281 , (. ), 88 . , , , , 24. , ,  25. (II. 19. 1) , 26.

8382 . , (Vell. Pat. II. 25. 1; Plut. Sulla. 27. 5), (App. BC. I. 86. 389). , 27. Villa publica, 28. , , 29.

, Villa publica , . , , .200 (Cic. Rosc. Am. 153)30. , (App. BC. I. 95. 441442).

31, . , ,   . , , , , , , . , , , , , . , ,   , ,   . , , . , (Plut. Sulla. 31. 59; . . . ).

, , , ,   ,   . . , , , ,  , , ; , []. , , , , , , . , . , , , , , , , , . , , . . (App. BC. I. 95. 442443; 96. 445447). 1 81 . (Cic. Rosc. Am. 128).

: , 32,   , , , - , , , , 33. .201 -, . (Val. Max. IX. 2. 1). / , (Cic. Rosc. Am. 89; Lucan. Phars. II. 160161, 210220).   , , ,   , , , , , , 34. , , (App. BC. I. 91. 422; Liv. Per. 89)  , (Hist. II. 14), : (orbe terrarun extorres). , 35.

, : , 83 . 36, 37. , , , , . , , ,   , , 38.

, , , , . ,   (Cic. Cluent. 25). . , , , , , , , , une famille marianiste39. , , , ,   , . , , 40, .202 . , , , ( ) , 41.

,   , , (Phars. II. 148151), . , , . (Q. Cic. Comm. pet. 9) , (Schol. Bern. ad Lucan. Loc. cit.). (Sulla. 32. 3; Cic. 10. 3). , ( ), , ἀδελφός 42. (Per. 89) (32 Fl) , ( ), , , , 43. , .

, , , , 44. , , , ( , 45,  , , ). , , - ( ) , (BC. IV. 23).

.203 . , 46, - -   , , 47. ,   , , .

. , , , , , praemium, 48. , , .

. 49, 50. , . , (Plut. Sulla. 22. 2; App. BC. I. 73. 340; 77. 351; Mithr. 51. 204; Eutr. V. 7. 3). (BC. I. 73. 340) , . , , , , , 51. , , 52. - , , . , , 53. , .204 , , , , , , 54. (abstinentia populi Romani mirifica), , , , , (IV. 3. 14). , (, ) auctores praedae (V. 19. 24)55, (. ), , , . ,   , , 56. , . , , , , publicatio bonorum . , , - , .

57. , , 58. 82 ., , hostes publici (App. BC. I. 89. 407). 59. , , . . 12000 60, 48000 (Plut. Sulla. 31. 7)61. , 62, (, ), .205 , 63. , , , , (Plut. Sulla. 38. 6). , , .

(ζητηταὶ), (BC. I. 71. 330; 95. 444), , , . , . , , , . , (BC. I. 71. 327), ( ). , , , (Plut. Mar. 44. 68; App. BC. I. 72. 334335). 64, , (πολλοὺς  Plut. Mar. 43. 45). , , , -, , 65 66. , , 67, , , , ( - , )68, , . , , , , 69.

.206 , , , ́ . , , , 70. , -   , 71. , , (, , .). , , , , , . . , , , , , 72, . (Sulla. 31. 5) (ἀγανακτούντων δὲ πάντων) , - .

16 , 8786 . 73, 82 . (. ). , - , - , 74. , . . , 8786 . (massacre)75. , , 82 . 76, .

, , . .207 77, 78, ,   5000, (IX. 2. 1)79. , - . , , , (De civ. Dei. III. 28), , , . , , .

,   4700 (IX. 2. 1)80, 40 1600 (App. BC. I. 95. 442)81. , (Sulla. 31. 5) (V. 21. 3), 80 82. (loc. cit.) , , 220 ,   (ὀυκ ἐλάττους), . ., , . , , 500 , , , (V. 21. 4), . . 220, 260 . , . , , ( ?), 4700 , .

40000 (V. 77. 5). , . , 10000. .

.208

, , ( ),  , 83. , 84. (III. 21. 13) , 146 . , ,   (fr. 102. 9)85. (IV. 3. 14; V. 3. 3; VI. 9. 14) (!), , ,   (IX. 2. 2)86. , , (V. 7. 3), , (4. 28 Z).

, , , ; , . 87 82 , . , , 87. , . , (Cat. 51. 3234). , , , (sullaturit animus eius et poscripturit), , , , , , (sed quid eorum victoria crudelius, quid funestius?  Att. IX. 10. 6). (Att. IX. 11. 3). , 88. (II. 25. 3). , .209 : , (. . .), 89.

, : tabulae, , (fr. 107. 1416), 40 (. )90. , , .

? , , , . exempla, , , ( , ),   -. , .

, . , , , , 91. , , , . , , , . , . , , , .   , , , .

.210

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2002: . IVV. .

1994: . . II. .

. . 1969: : . . . .

. . 2006: . . .

. . 2005: . .

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Korolenkov A. V.
Caedes mariana tabulae sullanae: 8881 BC terror in Rome

The author compares punitive measures taken by Sulla and the Marians against Roman citizens in 8881 BC. He points out that Marian repressions being rather limited in scale can hardly be qualified as terror. Unlike proscriptions, they did not imply confiscations and therefore had no economic consequences. The author calls in question the reliability of the accounts that a considerable number of former slaves (members of Marian troops) took part in the repressions of 8786 and that it was prohibited to bury those who were killed in that period. He draws attention to the fact that neither Sulla nor his opponents took up arms against women, unlike the emperors who sometimes put to death women from the families under repressions. Marian repressions were rather small in scale, but they struck the society because of the high status of their victims, including several consulares. However, after Sullas proscriptions his figure was strongly associated with violence, and it took a considerable time before Romans began to hold Marius responsible for the bloodshed of the 80s.


  •   , .
  • 1 (πολλοὺς τῶν Σύλλα φίλων) 88 ., ( 1997, 86; Weynand 1935, 1410; Keaveney 1983, 62), , (Sulla. 9. 1; Mar. 35. 7), - (Carney 1961b, 101).
  • 2 , , (inter epulas  Val. Max. IX. 2. 2; Lucan. Phars. II. 121-124; Flor. III. 21. 13),   , . , , (IX. 5. 4),  , (Carney 1962, 325-326, n. 82).
  • 3App. BC. I. 71. 330331; 73. 338339; . . . .
  • 4 consularis et censorius (IX. 2. 2), . , . , , , ,   (Bennett 1923, 26, n. 8; Carney 1962, 325316, n. 75; Gruen 1968, 217, 220, 226).
  • 5Lucan. Phars. II. 119-121 ( ); Aug. De civ. Dei. III. 27. , , , - .
  • 6Plut. Mar. 43. 56; . . . . . Flor. III. 21. 16; App. BC. I. 73. 337. , , , , (De civ. Dei. III. 27).
  • 7App. BC. I. 74. 341; Diod. XXXVIII. 4. 2-3; Schol. Bern. ad Lucan. II. 173.
  • 8. Broughton 19511952, II, 47 (); I, 567 ().
  • 9. Badian 1957, 322-324; 1964, 153; 1962, 55.
  • 10App. BC. I. 74. 341; Bennett 1923, 27; Bulst 1964, 317.
  • 11Bennett 1923, 27; Gabba 1958, 201.
  • 12Gran. Lie. 20 Fl.; Bulst 1964, 317.
  • 13. 2009, 223. iudicium populi, (BC. I. 74. 341; Gabba 1958, 201; Gruen 1968, 233; Lovano 2002, 49).
  • 14 2009, 223. , , , (Lanzani 1915, 138142; Badian 1962, 55). (BC. I. 71. 326) , , -, (Lanzani 1907, 98; Gabba 1958, 194; Carney 1961a, 65, n. 283) , , (Münzer 1937, 1817).
  • 15App. I. 74. 341; Gabba 1958, 201; Gruen 1968, 233. . (Hinard 1985, 112).
  • 16Lanzani 1907, 119120; Bennett 1923, 38; Carney 1960, 383; 1961a, 70. , (. ), , 87 . (Carney 1960, 383, ),   (Broughton 19511952, II, 47).
  • 17 XIXXX .: 1994, 228; Weynand 1935, 1418; Schur 1942, 140; 1969, 38.
  • 18Carney 1960, 383. . (1923, 27), .
  • 19   ,   (Hinard 2006, 254)!
  • 20 86 . (II. 126130; Rawson 1987, 170), , .
  • 21App. I. 88. 403404; Vell. Pat. II. 26. 23; Lucan. Phars. II. 126128; Plut. Pomp. 9. 4; Flor. III. 21. 21;Oros. V. 20. 4.
  • 22 2004, 7273. , 88 . ( , . Cagniart 1986, 323324; Letzner 2000, 142, Anm. 153), 82 . . , , , , (Cagniart 1986, 324). , (. ).
  • 23Keaveney 1983, 70; Letzner 2000, 142; Christ 2002, 81.
  • 24. . (2004, 73) , (II. 19. 1), , , . , ,   . , .
  • 25., : Seager 1994, 171. hostes publici (Gaughan 2010, 128).
  • 26, , , (BC. I. 71. 329; Bennett 1923, 27, n. 13).
  • 27Plut. Sulla. 30. 24; App. BC. I. 87. 400; Salmon 1964, 73, 78: , , , , , , .
  • 28Plut. Sulla. 30. 4; App. BC. I. 93. 432; Vell. Pat. II. 27. 4; Liv. Per. 88; Flor. III. 21. 23; Dio Cass. Fr. 109. 67; Sen. De clem. I. 12. 2; De vir. ill. 75. 9.
  • 29Plut. Sulla. 32. l; App. BC. I. 94. 436438; Val. Max. IX. 2. 1.
  • 30Hinard 1985, 108109, 115116. . . (2004, 71) . .
  • 31   .
  • 32Plut. Sulla. 31. 1112 ( ); Oros. V. 21. 4 (; , : XXXVIII. 19; Hinard 1985, 367).
  • 33  . Münzer 1930, 1827. . (Thein 2002, 126127). -, , (Carney 1962, 328; Hinard 1985, 112; Thein 2002, 126; Christ 2002, 113). (Carney 1962, 328), , , , , .
  • 34. Hinard 1985, 340341, 363364, 374, 387390, 404404 ( ). . , (VI. 2. 8), (Pomp. 12. 3) (V. 21. 13), , , (Münzer 1905, 13271328).
  • 35Hinard 1985, 79; 1997, 286287.
  • 36Cic. Pro Sest. 7. , (Mackay 2000, 201202) . (2006, 112114).
  • 37 (Oros. V. 21. 3).
  • 38Hinard 1985, 129, 133, 343344, 348349, 353, 403, 457458, 468469. , . ( , ) - (. Plut. Brut. 20. 811; Mühll 1912, 225226).
  • 39Hinard 1985, 56, 335336. . , , (. : Keaveney 2005, 210, n. 6; ). , , .
  • 40, (Rosc. Am. 1516, 21) , , , (magis ut exsultare victoria nobilitatis videretur quam timere ne quid ex ea calamitatis sibi accideret), (homo stidiosissimus nobilitatis). , (, ), . (2002, 259) , , . , , .
  • 41. (2002, 258) : - , ? , , ? , - tabulae , , , .
  • 42Marshall 1985, 128; Hinard 1985, 397; Keaveney 2005, 129. , : 2006, 219; Christ 2002, 117. (Marshall 1985, 128133), (Schol. Bern. ad Lucan. II. 173). , , , , .
  • 43Liv. Per. 89: itaque ipse se transfodit et sanguine suo fores uxoris respersit.
  • 44. . , , 88 . (Cagniart 1986, 334). , .
  • 45. Plut. Mar. 44. 12; App. BC. I. 72. 333.
  • 46Val. Max. IX. 2. 1: adversus mulieres quoque gladios destrinxit.
  • 47 (II. 26. 3) , , . , , (Pomp. 9. 4).
  • 48 (ἀσεβὴς) (μιαρὸς) (Mar. 44. 3), .
  • 49 . , (Lovano 2002, 47), διηρπάζετο , .
  • 50Lanzani 1915, 134; Carney 1961a, 66, n. 284. . , (Ihne 1879, 358). , ( 2006, 54).
  • 51 , sullani , (Badian 1962, 5455; Seager 1994, 180). : Gabba 1958, 201; Van Ooteghem 1964, 316; Gaughan 2010, 131; 1969, 38; 2006, 54, , , (. Keaveney 1984, 115117).
  • 52. Bennett 1923, 29. (1994, 228) .
  • 53 . . (1964, 314).
  • 54Vell. Pat. II. 22. 5; . . . .
  • 55. . ( 2002, 178).
  • 56Cic. Dom. 83; 1997, 202.
  • 57 : Thein 2002, 70, 102, n. 52.
  • 58 (Sulla. 10. 2: Μαρίῳ δ᾿ ἐπεκήρυξεν ἀργύριον). , , . (VI. 5. 7) , , . , (ut fides edicti sui constaret)  . . .
  • 59. , , , (Hinard 1985, 51). , : , , , , 82 .
  • 60μυρίας δισχιλίας δραχμάς (Plut. Cato Min. 17. 5). . . 1200 ( 1994, II, 232).
  • 61 , , praemium 25 72 . 350 . (Thein 2002, 102, n. 53).
  • 62 , (Schol. Bern. ad Lucan. II. 151)  , (Rawson 1987, 174, ). . (proscriptionum sectrix  NH. 36. 116).
  • 63. Hinard 1985, 195204 .
  • 64 , , (Schur 1942, 137, Anm. 2), , (Bennett 1923, 23, n. 112)  .
  • 65  . (V. 19. 19), plurimi consulares (!), (4. 28 Z).
  • 66. (fugitivi) (Hinard, 1985, 337), .
  • 67Plut. Mar. 44. 910; Sert. 5. 7; App. BC. I. 74. 343; Oros. V. 19. 24.
  • 68 : 1994, 228; 1997, 198; Weynand 1935, 1418; Van Ooteghem 1964, 316. . ( !), (Badian 1964, 153).
  • 69Plut. Mar. 44. 10; Sert. 5. 7; App. BC. I. 74. 344; Oros. V. 19. 24; Exup. 4. 28 Z. ( , , fugitivi) , , (!). , .
  • 70 , 88 . (Gabba 1972, 795; Cagniart 1986, 333335).
  • 71Plut. Sulla. 31. 25; Oros. V. 21. 3 (   ). - (Plut. Sulla. 31. 2) - (V. 21. 2), , , , (Keaveney 1984, 127128; 2005, 126).
  • 72 (Thein 2002, 126). . Hinard 1985, 122124.
  • 73. Keaveney 1984, 115117. . , , , , (Keaveney 1984, 116), (Badian 1957, 339340, n. 177). , 14 , (Carney 1961a, 67; Bulst 1964, 314).
  • 74 . . (, ), 14 (Bulst 1964, 314).
  • 75Carney 1961a, 66, n. 286. (Bennett 1923, 34).
  • 76. , , , (Badian 1964, 153). , , .
  • 77 83/82 . , , (Liv. Per. 89; Salmon 1964, 7477).
  • 78 . -: 3000 (Oros. V. 21. 1), 4000 (Flor. III. 21. 24), 6000 (Plut. Sulla. 30. 2), 8000 (Liv. Per. 88). , , 7000 (De civ. Dei. III. 28).
  • 79 12000 (Sulla. 33. 1), , , , , (App. BC. I. 94. 438). , 15000 (XXXVIII. 15).
  • 80. 75 (Hinard 1985, 329411).
  • 81 , (ἀνελόντα) (σὺν τοῖς ἐξεληλαμένοις) 90 2600 (BC. I. 103. 482). . . , , (1969, 43), (ἐν τῷδε τῷ πολέμῳ). . . (2004, 75) 3500 (Per. 89). ( 1993, 581), 350 . , (redactum est sestertium ter milies quingenties).
  • 82Octoginta y (V. 21. 3) . . ( 2002, 183).
  • 83Bennett 1923, 24; Bulst 1964, 314; Lovano 2002, 4647. , , (Van Ooteghem 1964, 317; Bulst 1964, 314).
  • 84Liv. Per. 86: L. Damasippus praetor omnem, quae in urbe erat, nobilitatem tracidavit. . . (2005, 179), , , (Bulst 1964, 327328). . , reiche Nachlese, , 8786 . , (Ihne 1879, 362, Anm. 2). .
  • 85. . , (Bulst 1964, 313314), , .
  • 86 (Carney 1964, 336).
  • 87 1997, 387, 390391; . Thein 2002, 69, 125.
  • 88Liv. Per. 88: pulcherrimam victoriam crudelitate, quanta in nullo hominum fuit, inquinavit.
  • 89Vell. Pat. II. 22. 1: Nihil illa victoria fuisset crudelius, nisi mox Sullana esset secuta (. . . . ).
  • 90 , (Gabba 1972, 803).
  • 91. , (Hinard 2006, 247), . , , , - , , , .
  • 1292334484 1339517176 1291989255 1351503432 1351503961 1351513406

    , .