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, 337 (Cons. Const. 337).   I  22 337 .   9   . . , (VC. 66), : , , (VC. IV. 70)13. : , (Socr. I. 40; Theod. Ecc. Hist. I. 34) , , , (Ruf. X. 11). (Zon. XIII. 4. 24).

, , . - , , , - : -, , , -  - (, , ) . , , . . , , 22 9 337 .14 .

(270cd) :   (Aur. Vic. Caes. 41. 15; Aur. Vic. Epit. 41. 18; Eutr. X. 9. 1; etc.), I 335 ., (Zos. II. 40. 3), , (Zos. II. 40. 2; Lib. Or. XVIII. 31), , , . , , (, , .159 15). ,   . , . II , . , , , . , 337 . 16. , , .

, , , , , , , , (VC. IV. 68). , , , , , , , . , , , 17, . (V. Soph. VI. 3. 913): , . , , , , , - .

, , . , , , . - . , , , : , , . (II. 40). - , , , . , (Epit. XLI. 20)18. (2355) , 338 . ( 337 ), .160 , , .

, . XX ( 1924 1985 .) ( 1925. 72 = ILT 814)19. , : , , .   , , . ( ). -, 22 9 337 .20  , II, , , . -, (, adfinis necessarius Caesaris). -, . :   ( )  21. , , , , , . (CTh. XIII. 4. 2), 2 337 . ( ).

, 2 9 22. 1985 . , 23. .  9 336 . I, II , , , 335 .24 , , ILT 814. , , CTh. XIII. 4. 2, . 337 . , . .161 , . 25, , . , 9 337 . ( ). (, 336 . 26), , , , 337 .27 ,     , . , , , .     , , . (V. Soph. VI. 3. 913) , , -, , . : , 28. : -, I, 337 ., -, , , . . 9 29.

. -, , (VC. IV 68), , . - , , , , - . . -, , , 338 . , . , , . , , ,   , , .

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, . . . , 337 . , , : , ( 31).   , , , (Aur. Vic. XLI. 1532), , , 33. , .163 I, ( ), , ( ),   , 34. II , , , . , , , (Amm. Marc. XX. 11. 3)35. 36 (, ), , , . , . . 37, . 38 , , 335 .39 , ( 329 337), 337 . - , 40. , ,   II 354 .41  , , , (Lyd. De mag. II. 9). , , - . , , 42.

- 337 ., 43. , II . , , , , .164 , , 44. . , ( ) ? , ( ), . , , (   , , (H. E. X. 11), ), . ,   , , . , , , , ,   , II, . , , ,  , , , ( , ) .   , , ( ).   ? , , . , . IV , . , . , 20- . , - .

, ,   . , 45 ( ) , . , 337 . , . 46 , 338   ( .165 ).   , .

, , . , , 337 , II .

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. . 1991: . .

1997:  / . . . . .  // IV  / . . (.). ., 225296.

1998:  / . . , . . . .

2001:  / . . . . . . .

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Bowder D. 1978: The Age of Constantine and Julian. L.

Burgess R. W. 2008: The Summer of Blood: The Great Massacre of 337 and the Promotion of the Sons of Constantine // Dumbarton Oaks Papers. 62, 551.

Cameron Av. 1997: Eusebius Vita Constantini and the Construction of Constantine // Portraits: Biographical Representation in the Greek and Latin literature of the Roman Empire / M. J. Edwards, S. Swain (eds.). Oxf., 145174.

Chantraine H. 1992: Die Nachfolgeordnung Constantins des Großen. Stuttgart.

Chastagnol A. 1982: Lévolution politique, sociale et économique du monde romain de Dioclétien à Julien: la mise en place du régime du Bas-Empire, 284363. P.

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The year 337: Crisis of power in the Roman Empire and assassination of the princes
T. V. Grigoryuk

After the death of Constantine the Great in May 337, the empire fell into political crisis. The sources preserve fragmentary evidence that the army wanted to give power only to Constantines sons and that Dalmatius the Younger was killed, as well as Constantines other relations and some higher officials. The full picture of the crisis can hardly be restored, and scholars opinions vary as to its duration and meaning. Meanwhile, it is generally assumed that praefectus praetorio Flavius Ablabius was a victim of the crisis as well as other killed persons. A closer analysis of the sources, however, makes it possible to conclude that he played an active part in the liquidation of Constantines relatives. It is also probable that he himself was slain by Constance II after the late emperors family had been done away with.

molgao.su/vyshki-tury.html


  • 1   - . . . .

    :  16.740.11.0104, (-1009), ,  10-06-00140-. . . .

  • 2 , 337 (succession crisis of 337  Bowder 1978, 42), (massacre des princes  Lucien-Brun 1973, 585602), (die Kämpfe um die Nachfolge  Klein 1999, 149), (strage di Costantinopoli  Olivetti 1915, 6779), 337 (the purge of 337  Di Maio, Arnold 1992, 159 ff.) . .
  • 3 , I  , , . , , , 350 . . , , 350 . , , 13 . , , , (Burgess 2008, 10, n. 34).
  • 4Olivetti 1915.
  • 5Klein 1999.
  • 6Lucien-Brun 1973.
  • 7Di Maio, Arnold 1992.
  • 8Barnes 1981; 1982; 1992; 1993.
  • 9Burgess 2008.
  • 10, , . RE (1900a, b, , d .), : 1991.
  • 11  . Cameron 1997, 145174.
  • 12 : Amerise 2006.
  • 13 1998.
  • 14Olivetti 1915. , , . . , , . . (1992, 198). , , .   , 6 337 ., (CJ. V. 17. 7), (, ), 338 (Klein 1999, 16). , 6 , , II, I 337 , . .
  • 15 , - , (Enßlin 1939, 760; Barnes 1982, 107), (1992, 164, n. 41).
  • 16Lucien-Brun 1973, 588.
  • 17. PLRE 34.
  • 18Constantinus iunior cuncta trans Alpes, Constantius a freto Propontidis Asiam atque Orientem, Constans Illyricum Italiamque et Africam, Delmatius [ Dalmatiam] Thraciam Macedoniamque et Achaiam, Annibalianus, Delmatii Caesaris consanguineus, Armeniam nationesque circumsocias. : , . ,   ,   , , .
  • 19Barnes 1982, 134136; 1981, 261263; Piganiol 1973, 7374; Klein 1999, 15 ( 1979 .). : Virtute clementia m[emor]ando pie/tate omnes antecedenti?] d(omino) n(ostro) Fl(avio) Clau/dio Consta[n]t[ino iu]niori / Aug(usto) / L(ucius) Pap(inius) Pacatianus Fl(avius) Ablabius [[[---]]] / [[[---]]] C(aius) Annius Tiberianus Nes/[to]ri[u]s Timonianus viri cla/[rissimi p]raefecti pr(a)etorio.
  • 20 , ,   335 338 . . : Di Maio, Arnold 1992, 196, n. 213.
  • 21Barnes 1982, 134135.
  • 22Barnes 1981, 261262.
  • 23 : Feissel 1985, 421 ff. : Di Maio, Arnold 1992, 197. : Τὸν δεσπότην ήμῶν Φλ(άουιον) Κλ(αύδιον). Κωνσταντεῖον τον ἀνδριότατον / καὶ έπιφανέστατον Καίσαρα Πάπ(ιος) / Πακατιανός, Φλ(άουιος) Άβλάβιος Οὐαλ(έριος) δεσπότην ήμῶν Φλάουιον Κλαύδιον Κωνσταντεῖον τον ἀνδριότατον καὶ έπιφανέστατον Καίσαρα Πάπιος Πακατιανός, Φλάουιος Άβλάβιος Οὐαλ(έριος) Φήλι[ξ], / Ἂνν(ιος) Τιβεριανὸς καὶ Νεσ(τόριος) Τιμονιανὸς οἱ ος Φῆλι[ξ], Ἂννιος Τιβεριανὸς και Νεστόριος Τιμονιανὸς οἱ λ[αμ / (πρότατοι] / [ἒπ]αρχοι.
  • 24Barnes 1992, 250.
  • 25Barnes 1982, 135.
  • 26PLRE, 403.
  • 27 : Di Maio, Arnold 1992, 198.
  • 28διαδεξάμενος δὲ ὁ Κωνστάντιος τὴν βασιλείαν καὶ κληρωθεὶς ὅσα γε ἐκληρώθη τὸν μὲν Ἀβλάβιον αὐτίκα παραλύει τῆς ἀρχῆς, ἄλλο δὲ περὶ αὑτὸν ἑταιρικὸν συνέστησε ( 1997).
  • 29 , , Barnes 1981, 626; Potter 2004, 463; Hunt 1997, 4; Chastagnol 1982, 132. , , . (1992, 174175) ,   II .
  • 30 1991, 5254.
  • 31 2010, 6380.
  • 32fratris filium, cui ex patre Dalmatio nomen fuit, Caesarem iussit obsistentibus valide militaribus. . , ,   .  , , . , (Kaisergeschichte) , , (Burgess 2008, 1415).
  • 33.  (1990, 152) , , , , , 335 337 .
  • 34  . Chantraine 1992, 320.
  • 35, , , .
  • 36PLRE, 34.
  • 37 1991, 51.
  • 38Demandt 1970, 560 ff.
  • 39 1991, 52.
  • 40Barnes 1992, 250.
  • 41Barnes 1992, 251.
  • 42Lucien-Brun 1973, 588. ( ) . , , , - , (Klein 1999, 33). (1992, 175191), , , , , , , , .
  • 43 2002, 510; Olivetti 1915. . (1973, 75) , .
  • 44 2001. X. 9. 1: Verum Dalmatius Caesar prosperrima indole neque patruo absimilis haud multo post oppressus est factione militari et Constantio, patrueli suo, sinente potius quam iubente.
  • 45 1988, 7475.
  • 46Barnes 1981, 626; Potter 2004, 641.
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