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I . . .

, 1984, 20, . 104107.

.104 (Od. IV, 561569; VI, 3 sqq.; XV, 403411) (Op. 167173; Theog. 1015), , ́1, 2, , , (Diod, V, 4146; II, 5560). , , , , , . , -, : (Diod., III, 53, 68 sq.), (V, 9), , , 3, . , , , 4.

, , ? , , : XVI .   , .

81 . . . , , , , , , , 10 . (Plut., Sert., 89). , .105 1- , , , 5. . , - 6, . , , , 7. , , , .

(Plut., Sert., 15). , , , , , , - . , , .

; , -, . , XVI , (teritur) (Hor., Epod., XVI, 1). , , , (melior pars), , , , , , , (Iuppiter illa piae secrevit litora genti) , (Hor., Epod., XVI, 63 sqq.).

. . , , , 8. . , XVI 9. , . . . , XVI , 10, . , XVI , , , , 11. XVI , IV , (puer  Verg., Bucol., IV, 5). , , , 12. , -, . , , , , 13. , , XVI .

- , , , (ultima aetas), , , ,   . , , 14. , , (Cass. Dio, 48, 3). (Dirae), , , 15. , , , (Bucol. I; IX). Nos patriam fugimus I (Cass. Dio, 48, 13). , . . 16.

, , , , 42 . . , .106 , , . , , , , (paupertas audax  Epist., II, 2, 50 sq.). , ( ), , , .

, XVI , , 41 40 ., (Epod., XVI, 2), 40 . IV 17. XVI IV , , , . , . , : , , , , , : . , , , (mundus) (Bucol., IV, 50 sqq.).

, , , , , , , . , ́, . , , . , , , , - .

. , , . , : ,   .

, , , , Pax Augusta , . , , , , , , (Carm., II, 18, 15),  , . , , . , , (surrogate) 18. , ,  , .

Summary

The article deals with the popularity of the legends about the Islands of the Blessed and their connection with the political life in Rome in the Ist century B. C. The author comes to the conclusion that in the time of civil wars and crisis of Roman civitas there were attempts by means of these legends to find, at least for the selected a possibility to escape the expected ruin. The author examines the difference between these Utopian versions and the idea of the coming Golden Age which was then widely recognized and later used by Octavian.


28 1984 .


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