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ON THE INTERPRETATION AND DATING OF SOME MONUMENTS, CONNECTED TO THE PRESENCE OF ROMAN MILITARY FORCES IN CHERSONESUS TAURICA

V. M. Zubar

The article examines the question concerning the localisation of a part of Chersonesus inhabited by civilian citizens attached to Roman troops, and the interpretation of a recently published Latin epigraphic monument, discovered during the excavation of the Port district of the above area.

Analysis of archaeological data and written sources allows us to assume that the civilians connected with Roman troops were settled in a special area near the citadel and under the jurisdiction of the Roman military command. This is evidenced not only by the presence of a gate in the 18th curtina, connecting the Port district with the Roman citadel, and by a number of highly specific texts, but also by the data of the Lives of the Saintly Bishops of Chersonesus.

At present it is impossible to fully accept the proposals of S. Yu. Saprykin and S. V. Diachkov with regard to the restoration and interpretation of a Latin inscription on an altar excavated in the Port district in 1995. The first of the inscriptions lines is unreadable. In the second, only the letters IVL and M are clearly visible, and in the last line, only NUS TRIB. With this in mind, the inscription can be reconstructed as IVL(ius) M(- - -)NUS TRIB(unus). Moreover, the text may be dated not from the first half  middle of the 3rd century, but from the end of the 3rd to the beginning of the 4th century, although in would be premature to insist upon this, in view of the texts poor preservation.


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