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.57 , gentes. , , , . , , , 477 . . . (II. 4850), (IX. 1422) (II. 195242). (XI. 53. 6), (Cam. 19), (VI. 637), (s. v. Scelerata porta).

, , . , ,   - : , , , , , ,   (II. 48. 56)1. , (Dion. Hal. AR. IX. 15. 3) , , . . , , , , , .

, , , , , , , , , , .

, . , , , , , , .58 2.   , (AR. IX. 14. 7). , , 3. , (Fast. II. 205; 223), (AR. IX. 20. 3) , .

, , ,   4. . , , (II. 50. 5). , . ,   , , , , (Fast. II. 224). : , , , , , , (AR. IX. 21. 4). ,   , , .

, , , , .59 5. , , (V. 36), 391 . . . , , , , , (Liv. V. 36. 7). , , . 358 . . . (VII. 15. 9).

. , ,   , (Liv. II. 50. 11; Dion. Hal. AR. IX. 22. 1; Ovid. Fast. II. 235240). ,   , , , , (AR. IX. 22. 3). : , (IX. 22. 2). ,   , . , , , , , ,   6.

, , , , . , , ,   .   , - , , - ( ) . -   , .60 (   Suas. 2), , ( , , , )7 , , , (Liv. II. 12. 15).

, , 8.   , , (Dion. Hal. AR. IX. 19. 1). , , , , , , , , , , (IX. 19. 3). , , , , , , . , , , , , .

,   , (II. 195), , 13 , , ,  .

, . , , , -an- (. Luperci Fabiani) ( ), , .61 9. . , . . , Fabiani Quintiliani, Favii Quinctilii, , , , 10. , , .

, - , , , , (Ovid. Fast. II. 236237; Sil. It. VI. 627636; Plut. Fab. Max. 1; Fest. P. 87M)  , . , Fodii, , (Fab. Max. 1), (87) Fovii  fovea, . . .   .

, , .

Goncharov V. A. Legendary and Historical Tradition about Gens of Fabii: a new Approach

Literary sources about the warfare between Etruscans and the Roman gens of Fabii in 477 BC show that both groups acted like initiatory groups of youths, which were characteristic for many primitive peoples. Thus, Fabii performed plundering raids into the Etruscan territory and acted very quickly and cunningly. Then, during their last battle at the Cremera river they demostrated rage and frenzy resembling to those of German berserks. Moreover, this gens was closely connected with the feast of Lupercalia, which also demonstrates several initiatory elements. Therefore, gens of Fabii in the story analyzed may be interpreted as some kind of a Männerbund.


  • 1 II . . , V  . . ;   . . ;   . . .
  • 2. .: ., . . ., 1999. . 106107; . : . .; ., 1999. . 216217.
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  • 6 ., . . . . 8485.
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  • 8Ulf C. Das römische Lupercalienfest. Darmstadt, 1982. S. 4451, 137; Rüpke J. Domi militiae. Stuttgart, 1990. S. 6162; Mastrocinque A. Romolo (la fondazione di Roma tra storia e leggenda). Este, 1993. P. 143145; . . ., 2002. . 2. . 105106; . .  // . , 2003. . 9. . 123136.
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