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Kopylov V. P. The Taganrog Settlement  the Harbor of Kremny (?) (written sources and archaeological realia)

Materials of the Taganrog settlement, as the author of the article states, make it possible to turn once again to the problem of localization of Kremny harbor. Basing on the data of ancient writing tradition various scientists located Kremny along the whole Northern shore of Meotida: starting from the mouth of the Tanais and till the Crimea. Mentioning of Kremny by Herodotus in connection with the Amazon myth, supposes the existence of this harbor already in the archaic period. Absence of settlements on the North shore of Meotida, which would contain material dated the 7th  beginning of the 5th century BC, complicates precise localization of Kremny harbor. It is stated in the article that at the present moment archaeological materials enable us to identify the Taganrog settlement as Kremny. Presuming that the authorized representative of Ariapythus, who bore the Karian-Ionian name of Timn, was the major informer of Herodotus in the questions of ethnogeography (Herodotus. IV. 76) we can assume that he could specify for Herodotus the major reference points of Scythia, among which there was the Milet settlement of Kremny, well-known by Timn. By the moment of transfer of information about this settlement to Herodotus it was already not functioning, which can be the reason why the information about Kremny, given by the Father of History, is so poor.


.233

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.234

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. 3. : 15  VII . . .; 6  SOS.

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  • 1 . .  . VIIV . . // . 1935. . 104. . 90 .; . . - VIIV . . . // . II . -1979. , 1981. . 84; . . - - (VII  III . . .) // ׸ - . XII . --, 2009. . 28 .
  • 2 . ., . ., . . . , , . ., 1982. . 143
  • 3 . . (). . ,  // . 2005.  4. . 221.
  • 4 . . IIII . . . ., 1970. . 45.
  • 5 . . .  . . , .
  • 6 . . VIII . . . ., 1980. . 3.
  • 7 . . . . . 45; . . . VIIIVII . . . : , . .; , 2005. . 104.
  • 8 . . 104.
  • 9 . . . ., 1925. . 43.
  • 10 . . . VI 1988 .
  • 11 . . SCYTHICA II (, 1979) // . 1984.  3. . 134.
  • 12 . .  // ׸ . XII (2631 2007 .). --, 2007. . 1213; Dupont P., Lungu V., Solovyov S. Ceramiques Anatoliennes du Pont-Euxin // ׸ - . XII . --, 2009. . 2226. . 122.
  • 13 . . VIIIV . . . ., 2003. . 282.
  • 14 . . ., 1975. . 193.
  • 15 . . . .; ., 1949. . 8; . . 19571962 . // . ., 1985. . 169, .; . . -  . VIIVI . . . // VIII . . . . (). 2000. ., 2006. . 80.
  • 16 . . - VII . . . .  // . ., 1982. . 30, 31; Kerschner M. Ein stratifizierter Opferkomplex des 7. Jh. s. v. Chr. aus dem Artemision von Ephesos. Beiblatt, 1997. S. 147148. Taf. 7478; Cook R. M., Dupont P. East Greek pottery. L.; N. Y., 1998. P. 26.
  • 17Rizzo M. A. Complessi tombali dall Etruria Meridionale. Roma, 1990. P. 51. Fig. 45.
  • 18Ibid. P. 49.
  • 19 . , . , . , . . .
  • 20 . ., . ., . ., ., . ., . ., . - 6000  // . 2002. . XII. . 257272.
  • 21Rizzo M. A. Complessi tombali P. 23. Tab. I. Fig. 42, 361.
  • 22Ibid. P. 6467. Fig. 79, 364; 80, 365. P. 6870. Fig. 92, 363.
  • 23Ibid. P. 43. Fig. 26, 360.
  • 24 . . . ., 1984. . 128; . ., . . I // . 1990. . 7. . 147.
  • 25 . .  // , . . --, 2010. . IV. . 3739.
  • 26Cook R. M., Dupont P. East Greek pottery P. 170174. Fig. 23-7a; 23-8a; . . . .; , 2003. . 3031. . 171.
  • 27Dupont P. Amphores commerciales de la Grece de lEst // PP. 1982. Fasc. CCIVCCVII. P. 203205. Fig. 6, 7.
  • 28Kopylov V. Taganrog et la première colonisation grecque du littoral Nord-Est de la mer d Asov // Sur les traces des argonautes. Actes du 6e symposium de Vani (Colchide) 2229 September 1990. P., 1996. P. 332. Pl. III, 19.
  • 29Cook R. M., Dupont P. East Greek pottery P. 170177. Fig. 23, 78.
  • 30 . . - - . 3031. . 4.
  • 31Sezgin Y. Clasomenian Transport Amphorae of the Seventh and Sixth Century // Clasomenai, Teos and Abdera: Metropoleis and Colony. Thessaloniki, 2004. P. 170. Fig. 1.
  • 32 . . . 96; Cook R. M., Dupont P. East Greek pottery P. 148149. Fig. 23. 2; . . 2003. . 16 .
  • 33 . . VI  . V . . .  // -. . , 1987. . 12.
  • 34 . .  // -  . . , 1991. . 10. . 45.
  • 35 . . VI . . .  // ΣΥΣΣΙΤΙΑ. . . . ., 2000. . 216.
  • 36 . .  // . , 1995. . 113.
  • 37Vinogradov Yu. G. An ostrakon from the Taganrogs settlement (epigraphic commentary) // Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia. 1999. Vol. 6. No. 12. P. 18.
  • 38 . ., . .  // . , 1987. . 4142.
  • 39 . . 46.
  • 40 . ., . ., . . . . . 316. . 463.
  • 1461060067 1461069527 1463085239 1472636216 1472649790 1472655016

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