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Popov A. A., Bannikov A. B. War Elephants in Carthaginian Army

For the first time Carthaginians had seen the war elephants on Sicily during the war against Pyrrhus. After that they had made war elephants divisions, which Carthaginians had being caught on the Atlas mountain foot. This threatening form of armament they had used during the conquering of Spain and against Romans during Punic wars. With their help Carthaginians had broken through the Roman formation in the Battle of Tunes in 256 BC, and Hannibal could carry them out over Rhone and Alps. To the end of the Second Punic War Carthaginians had depleted the resources of these beasts to their army, and it became one of the factors of Carthaginian war power weakening. The alive elephants were given to the Romans after capitulation in 201 BC.

.408

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. 3. .


  • 1Armandi P. D. Histoire militaire des éléphants, depuis les temps les plus reculés jusquà lintroduction des armes à feu. P., 1843. P. 129130.
  • 2Ibid. . 136.
  • 3Armandi P. D. Op. cit. P. 136.
  • 4quibus ferax est Numidia. , , (Bagnall N. The Punic Wars: 264146 BC. Oxf., 2002. P. 20).
  • 5Ouiza Aïr Amara. Les soldats dHannibal. Clermont-Ferrand, 2009. P. 27.
  • 6Toynbee J. M. C. Animals in Roman Life and Art. L., 1973. P. 34.
  • 7Charles M. B. Elephants at Raphia: Reinterpreting Polybius 5. 845 // CQ. 2007. Vol. 57. P. 308.
  • 8Walbank F. W. A Historical Commentary on Polybius. Oxf., 1957. Vol. 1. . 164; Head D. Armies of the Macedonian and Punic Wars (359 BC to 146 BC). Goring-by-Sea, 1982. P. 186.
  • 9Sukumar R. The Living Elephants: Evolutionary, Ecology, Behavior and Conservation. Oxf., 2003. P. 54.
  • 10 . .: Armandi P. D. Op. cit. P. 259272.
  • 11
    Liventi dorso turris, flammaque, virisque,
    Et jaculis armata sedet
  • 12
    Inde boves Lucas turrito corpore tetros
    Anguimanos belli docuerunt volnera Poeni
    Sufferre, et magnas Marlis turbare catervas.
  • 13Iterumque totidem turriti cum sexagenis propugnatoribus, eodem quo priores numero peditum, et pari equitum ex adverso dimicante.
  • 14Gowers W. African elephants and ancient authors // African Affairs. 1948. Vol. 47. P. 174.
  • 15
    Stat niveis longum stipata per agmina vallum
    Dentibus, atque ebori praefixa cominus hasta
    Fulget ab incurvo devecta cacumine cuspis.
    ,
    , ,
    .
    (Sil. Ital. Punic. IX. 581583).
  • 16 . . .
  • 17Walbank F. W. Op. cit. P. 92.
  • 18 , , . , (Armandi P. D. Op. cit. P. 172).
  • 19 , , (III. 74. 10).
  • 20 . . .
  • 21 .  / . . . . ., 1994. . 1. . . 271.
  • 22 . . 277.
  • 23 . . . . 273.
  • 24 . . 271274.
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