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.57

, 395 . . ., . , . , , (τὴν συντομωτάτην ἐπὶ τὰ κράτιστα τῆς χώρας) (Xen. Hell. III. 4. 20; .: Ages. I. 28).

: , , , (εἰς τὸν Σαρδιανὸν τόπον ἐνέβαλε καὶ τρεῖς μὲν ἡμέρας δι᾿ ἐρημίας πολεμίων πορευόμενος πολλὰ τὰ ἐπιτήδεια τῇ στρατιᾷ εἶχε). (τῇ δὲ τετάρτῃ ἧκον οἱ τῶν πολεμίων ἱππεῖς), , (Xen. Hell. III. 4. 21; cp.: Ages. I. 28).

, , : , , , . , 츭 10000 50000 ; , , , . (πλινθίον) , , . (Diod. XIV. 80. 12). , , , , (τὸν παράδεισον τὸν Τισσαφέρνους).

, . .58   τὸ Καΰστριον πεδίον. , : ἐπηκολούθει τοῖς Λακεδαιμονίοις (Diod. XIV. 80. 1); ἐπηκολούθει τοῖς Ἕλλησιν (Hell. Oxy. XIV. 2). , , , 15000 10000 (?).

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, , . . . , , , . , , : , . , , 11. . , -, , , -, , . , , , , 12. , , , . , , , ,   , , , .61 ( )13. . - , , . , . , (γυμνῆται), , , (?)14, , (πλινθίον)   / 15.

, , . , , ( , XIV. 80. 2  )16. , : , , (Strabo. XIII. 4. 5). . , , , , .

(Hell. III. 4. 2224; Ages. I. 3032) . (ὁ ἡγεμών) . , , , .62 . , , . , . , , , . , , . , , : , . . , ; 70 . , .

(XIV. 80. 24) . , 1400 , . . , , , , . . , , , . , , , , . , 6000 , ; .

(XV. 56). , 500 : . : , , . , , . , ( ). , , : . , , . 600 . , . , . .63 , , , , (. . . ).

, , 17. , 18, , , . , , , 19. - , , . , (Hell. III. 4. 20) , .

. , , . . , , , , . , . (καρτερὰ μάχη) , , . , , , , , . : , 6000 ,   600.

    . , , , , , . , .64 , -. . , , ,   . . 20. , , , , , , . , , , , , , , , (Xen. Hell. III. 4. 20). . , , 395 .21

, , , , , . , , . , . , 22.

.65 , , , , . (Hell. III. 4. 25), , . (XIV. 80. 5) (XVII. 1) , . . , , , , , 23.

, (XVII. 14), , , . , . , . , , , , . , . . , , . : 24.

* * *

, . , , - 395 .   . , . , . . . : , . .66 , . 25. , ( ) . , , , , , , .

Rung E. V. Agesilaus against Tissaphernes (The Battle of Sardis in 395 B. C.)

The battle of Sardis took place in the period of the Spartan-Persian War, when the Spartan king Agesilaus made a surprise attack on Sardis  the residence of Persian satrap Tissaphernes, in the spring of 395 B. C. Probably the Spartan king hoped to take the city even before the arrival of satraps troops. Besides, the capture of one of the centers of the western satrapies of the Persian empire was a threat to the internal regions of Asia Minor. In the battle of Sardis Agesilaus defeated only cavalry of Tissaphernes. However Spartan victory still served more psychological factor. From the military viewpoint, the results of victory were not too significant. The numerous Persian infantry was not actually involved in it, and the Persian losses were not too large. Sardis was not captured by Agesilaus since the main forces of the Persians arrived in time to prevent a possible attack by the Spartans on the city. However, after the defeat of his cavalry Tissaphernes could hardly take military action against Agesilaus. Agesilaus also proved to be highly skilled military leader, and the Spartan army reaffirmed their fighting qualities on the field of battle with the Persians. As for the differences in the description of the battle in various ancient authors, they can be resolved only partially as a result of the historical reconstruction of the military campaign and the course of the fight, which looks very hypothetical.

"Velogo" !


  • 1 -  . : . . (396394 . . .) // : . , 1997. . 6375.
  • 2. : , (Botha L. The Hellenica Oxyrhynchia and the Asiatic Campaign of Agesilaus. Pretoria, 1980. P. 3638).
  • 3., .: Hellenica Oxyrhynchia cum Theopompi et Cratippi fragmentis. Oxonii, 1909. , (Grenfell B. P., Hunt A. S. The Oxyrhynchus Papyri. L., 1908. Vol. 5. P. 152153). . , . , . , . (Dugas Ch. La campagne dAgésilas en Asie Mineure (395): Xénophon et lAnonyme dOxyrynchos // BCH. 1910. Vol. 34. No. 1. P. 5895; Bruce I. A. F. An Historical Commentary on the Hellenica Oxyrhynchia. Cambr., 1967. P. 150156; Nellen D. Zur Darstellung der Schlacht bei Sardes in den Quellen // AS. 1972. Vol. 3. S. 4554; Bonamente G. Studio sulle Elleniche di Ossirinco, Saggio sulla storiografia greca della prima meta del IV secolo a. C. Perugia, 1973. P. 151161). . , . . (Anderson J. K. The Battle of Sardis in 395 B. C. // CSCA. 1974. Vol. 7. P. 2753; Gray V. J. Two Different Approaches to the Battle of Sardis in 395 B. C.: Xenophon, Hellenica 3, 4, 2024 and Hellenica Oxyrhynchia 11 (6), 46 // CSCA. 1979. Vol. 12. P. 183200; Wylie G. Agesilaus and the Battle of Sardis // Klio. 1992. Bd. 74. P. 118130). , , . (Devoto J. G. Agesilaos and Tissaphernes near Sardis // Hermes. 1988. Bd. 116. Ht. 1. P. 4153).
  • 4Bruce I. A. F. Op. cit. P. 152.
  • 5Anderson J. K. Op. cit. P. 3341.
  • 6., .: Dugas Ch. Op. cit. P. 6465; Botha L. The Hellenica Oxyrhynchia P. 37; eadem. The Asiatic Campaign of Agesilaus  The Topography of the Rout from Ephesus to Sardis // Acta Classica. 1988. Vol. 31. P. 7; Gray V. Op. cit. P. 193; Devoto J. G. Op. cit. P. 43; Wylie G. Op. cit. P. 127.
  • 7Anderson J. K. Op. cit. P. 37.
  • 8 . , 3  , , - , (Anderson J. K. Op. cit. P. 36; Botha L. The Asiatic Campaign of Agesilaus P. 76).
  • 9Anderson J. K. Op. cit. P. 36.
  • 10Botha L. The Hellenica Oxyrhynchia P. 36.
  • 11Devoto J. G. Op. cit. P. 4650.
  • 12Wylie G. Op. cit. P. 127. . , , , , (Devoto J. G. Op. cit. P. 47). , , .
  • 13Wylie G. Op. cit. P. 127.
  • 14Devoto J. G. Op. cit. P. 46.
  • 15 , , , , . , , . , , , .
  • 16 , , .
  • 17 : Bruce I. A. F. Op. cit. P. 152 ff.; Nellen D. Op. cit. S. 4854; Anderson J. K. Op. cit. P. 4749.
  • 18 , , , , , . . , , (Anderson J. K. Op. cit. P. 49).
  • 19  .: Grenfell B. P., Hunt A. S. Op. cit. P. 217; Bruce I. A. F. Op. cit. P. 152; Anderson J. K. Op. cit. P. 47.
  • 20Cornelius F. Die Schlacht bei Sardis // Klio. 1933. Bd. 26. Ht. 1. S. 2931.
  • 21Bruce I. A. F. Op. cit. P. 153. . . , , , , , , , (Anderson J. K. Op. cit. P. 32). , , , . , , , , (Anderson J. K. Op. cit. P. 52). . , (Gray V. Op. cit. P. 196 ff.). . , , , 譸, , , , . . , , , , , (Bruce I. A. F. Op. cit. P. 155). , , , - , .
  • 22, , , , , . , (Dugas Ch. Op. cit. P. 66).
  • 23Westlake H. D. Decline and Fall of Tissaphernes // Historia. 1981. Bd. 30. P. 268.
  • 24Wylie G. Op. cit. P. 123.
  • 25  .: . . V . . . // . 2012.  1. . 3435.
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