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: . . 16. , 2013. . 215239.

.215 , . , . , , , . , , , . , , , . , .

(Menekşe Çatağı)1 , , . . (sic!) , .

- , - , 12  -  . (Tekirdağ) (. 1). 50  , , , (Menekşe).  . ,  . 19932007 .2 .216 . , , , /. , VI . . . . , . , V . . . . III . . ., 3.

, ,   (. 2). (Βισάνθη, Βυσάνθη),  . , (Hdt. VII. 137) (Xen. Anab. VII. 2. 38; VII. 5. 8). , VI . . . (Pomp. Mela. 2. 24). V  IV . . . , (Xen. Anab. VII. 2. 38). (Πέρινθος) VI . . . IV .4

. , V D5. .217 : , , .

V D , (. 34). 2004 2007 .6 , . , . . 0,5 1,2 ,   0,71 . , , . ,  , , (. 5). D (. 7).

V D 13535 7. . , , , .

D V . 128. , , (88,2% 93,98% ). D (8,39%) (9,21%) V. (11,8%) V. , D (sic!) . , , . , , , , . , .218 , . . : 2 D 34 V (. 12). , , , , , , , .

, , .   , -, VI  V .9 , , , , .

, . , , I-B I-C (. 8  13)10. V .11 , , , ( I-E) ( II-A-C) 12.

III-B, V . (. 8  47)13. . . , , 8070- . V ., , 14. : , , .

.219 , , (. 8  89)15. . . , .  24 , V .,  9 . 16.

- , ( , II-A-2), 5030 . V . (. 9  12)17. . . , . 1978 .  17 18.

, (I-A-2) (. 9  34)19. . . V .20

. . (. 3; . 9  56; 13  1)21. , , V .22

, D (. 3; . 9  6; 10; 11  23; 13  1, 34). , , in situ, , - V (. 3; . 5; 11  1; 13  4). . , , , . ; . , ;   . - . .220 , (. 3; . 11  3).   , - 23. , , , , (. 14)24.

. . , II-A-B ( ),   V ., , II-B 25. . . 26. , , , 27. . . . , I-B ( 1, . . . . )28 , , V .29

. V ΣΤΟΛ (. 11  1). ΣΤΟΛ, (. 12)30. , . . . : ,  25 .221 ΟΛ(-) . . . (II-A-B)   V .31 D V. (II). . . . ,   VI V ., 32. V, D , . . V .:  13 ( , II-A) , . ( , II-B)33. , : . . . . , , ,  .

, , (II-A-B), (II). , , . , , , , VI  V . . , , , . . . 34. , , V . .222 , (. 9, 6; . 10).

V D. (Stamnos Pyxis)35 (. 15  1; 16  12)36. , , VII  VI . .   . , , (. 16  12). . , , . . , , VI . 37. , . . , - VI .38

(Cup Scyphos) VI  V . , (. 16  3)39. , K2 ( . . ), 490480 .40

(Column-craters) (. 16  45)41. ,   .223 . VI  V .42

. (. 18  1)43. , Agora P 15849. , . . 44. , 410 .45 46. : , , , , , . ; ; . , . 47 48. . , . . , 49.

(Column krater) (. 17  2)50, V .51 . . , .224 22852. , , V .53 : , , , . , 22854. , V . , 228 .

Owl-skyphoi (. 17  35)55. (. 17  5). . , - V .56

, , , (. 17  6)57. V .58

, , V . , V . (. 15  5)59. . Stemless, Large (. 15  2)60. , V . , , 8070- . 61. Θ Vicup (. 15  7)62. . .225 V .63 (Cup-skyphos) , , VI  V . (. 15  3)64. , V . Sessile with low handles (. 15  6; 17  7)65. V ., 66.

, VI  - V . , , VI  V . .

1. D

%
1. 2702 88,21
2. 257 8,39
3. 45 1,46
4. 39 1,27
5. 18 0,58
6. 2 0,06
3063 100

2. V

%
1. 9842 93,98
2. 277 2,64
3. 61 0,58
4. 96 9,21
5. 123 11,8
6. 36 0,34
7. 3 0,02
8. 34 0,32
10472 100%

.226

3. V D.

. ()67
H H0 H3 D d d1
11  1 ÇOMÜ MenÇ 06 41/O 135.1 650 616 145 353 110 132
11  2 TAEM 2906 707 677 170 356 128 150
11  3 TAEM 2896 660 617 190 360 120 148
9  6 TAEM 2895 598 563 116 352 86 114

Stoyanov R., Erim-Özdoğan A. Ceramic Finds from the layer of Destruction on the Settlement Menekşe Çataği in Propontis

Menekşe Çatağı is located on the northwest shore of the Marmara Sea, at 12 km to the north-east from Tekirdağ (Figs. 12). A building destroyed by earthquake was unearthed in the eastern sector of the site. The present article is based on the pottery finds from the layer of destruction in the rooms D and V of the building (Fig. 3; Tab. 12). The layer refers to the destruction of the basement or crawl spaces with collapsed parts of the upper floor, walls and roof (Fig. 4). The whole and fragmented transport amphorae quantitatively dominate in the ceramic complex. The vessels belong to the production of major vine trade centers in Northern and Eastern Aegean region at the end of VI  the 1st qr. of the Vth cc. BC. (Tabl. 1; Figs. 814). Attic pottery from the layer presents with whole and fragmented black- and red-figure vessels (Figs. 1517). The pottery finds point out that the complex was formed in the end of the VI  the 2nd3rd qrs. the Vth cc. BC.


.227

. 1. . -:   ;   .
. 2. .

.228

. 3. , : D, V  .

.229

. 4. , D V. . 2006 .
. 5. - V: in situ; - .

.230

. 6. D.
. 7. D.

.231

. 8. : 13  ; 47  ; 8, 9  ( ).

.232

. 9. : 1, 2  ; 3, 4  ; 5, 6  ( ).

.233

. 10. in situ D.

.234

. 11. . .
. 12. ΣΤΟΛ.

.235

. 13. D: 1  ; 24  .

.236

. 14. ; : ,   in situ.

.237

. 15. : 1  ; 24, 7  ; 5  ; 6  .

.238

. 16. : 1, 2  ; 3  ; 4, 5  .

.239

. 17. : 1  ; 2  ; 35  ; 6  ; 7  .


  • * . - , , ; , . . .
  • 1Menekşe çatağı  (., .).
  • 2  .: Işın M. A. Menekşe Çatağı 1993 Yılı Kurtarma Kazısı. Müze Kurtarma Kazıları Semineri V (1994). 1995. S. 1726; Işın M. A., Özdoğan A. Tekirdağ Menekşe Çatağı 1995 Yılı Sonu Bilimsel Raporu. Müze Kurtarma Kazıları Semineri VII (1996). 1997. S. 8998; Işın M. A., Özdoğan A. Tekirdağ Menekşe Çatağı 1996 Yılı Bilimsel Raporu. Müze Kurtarma Kazıları Semineri VIII (1997). 1998. S. 363379; Özdoğan A., Işın M. A. Tekirdağ Menekşe Çatağı Kazıları 1997 Yılı Çalışmaları. KST XX/I (1998). 1999. S. 295-310; Özdoğan A., Işın M. A. Tekirdağ Menekşe Çatağı Kazıları 1998 Yılı Çalışmaları. KST XXI/I (1999). 721. 2000. S. 239250; idem. Tekirdağ Menekşe Çatağı Kurtarma Kazıları. KST XXIII/I (2001). 2002. S. 313326; Erim-Özdoğan A., Işın M. A. Tekirdağ Menekşe Çatağı, Doğu Çatak Kazısı. KST XXIV/I (2002). 2003. S. 377389; Özdoğan A. Kuzeybatı Marmarada Eski Bir Kıyı Köyü; Menekşe Çatağı. Köyden Kente Yakındoğuda ilk Yerleşimler. (İstanbul 2003). S. 217231; Özdoğan A., Akaç F., Işın M. A. Tekirdağ Menekşe Çatağı, Doğu Çatak Kazısı. KST XXV/II (2003). 2004. S. 421434; Turan D. Menekşe Çatağı Hellenistik Dönem Seramiği / Hellenistic Ceramics of Menekşe Çatağı // Marmara Studies Symposium Proceedinds / Marmara Araştırmaları Sempozyum Bildirileri. İstanbul, 2008. S. 2340.
  • 3  .: Turan D. Hellenistic Pottery of Menekse Catağı. Edirne, 2006; idem. Menekşe Çatağı Hellenistik Dönem Seramiği S. 2340.
  • 4 .: Isaac B. The Greek Settlements in Thrace until the Macedonian Conquest. Leiden, 1986. P. 204207. 8090- . ,  . .
  • 5 (-), - VIII . . ..
  • 6 41/.
  • 7  . (Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi,   ÇOMÜ). , . (Tekirdağ Arkeoloji ve Etnografya Müzesi,   TAEM).
  • 8 , .
  • 9 . . . , , . .
  • 10ÇOMÜ MenÇ: 06 41/ O 146 (1); 06 41/ O 150 (2); 04 41/ O 10 (3).
  • 11 . . : - . -. .; , 2003. . 4849. . 31, 1, 4.
  • 12 . . 4647.
  • 13ÇOMÜ MenÇ 04: 41/ O 48 (4); 04 41/ O 76 (5); 41/ O 59 (6); 41/ O 54 (7).
  • 14 . . : . 1718.
  • 15ÇOMÜ MenÇ: 05 41/ O 100 (8); 41/ O 23 (9).
  • 16 . . : VIIII . . . , 1999. . 87. . 23, 2; . . 78. . 56. . 52, 2.
  • 17ÇOMÜ MenÇ: 04 41/ O 63.1 (1); 04 41/ O 82 (2).
  • 18 . . : . 65. . 69, 71. . 39, 56.
  • 19ÇOMÜ MenÇ: 04 41/ O 15 (3); 04 41/ O 48 (4).
  • 20 . . : . 8990. . 8. . 59, 35.
  • 21ÇOMÜ MenÇ: 04 41/ O 51.9 (5).
  • 22 . . : . 4142. . 26, 14.
  • 232,55 YR7/6 (Mansell 2000).
  • 24ÇOMÜ MenÇ: 05 41 O 105; 06 40 P 35.
  • 25 . . : . 3435. . 1920.
  • 26 . . VII . . .:  // IIIII . . . , 2012. . 111 .
  • 27Özyiğit Ö. Yılı Erythrai Sondaj Çalışmaları. KST XI/I (1989). 1990. P. 127128. Res. 45.
  • 28Carlson D. N., Lawall M. L. Towards a Typology of Erythraian Amphoras // Skyllis. 2007. Hft. 12. P. 35.
  • 29 . . , . , V . .: . . : . 35. . 40, 20, 1; . . 113114. . 1  46.
  • 30ÇOMÜ MenÇ 05 41P 3.
  • 31 . . : . 3435. . 37, 40. . 19  12, 7.
  • 32 . . 27. . 1920. . 15  67.
  • 33 . . 3435. . 32. 40. . 19  5; 20  1.
  • 34 . . : . 27, 34.
  • 35 , , , , . . , . . . (Sparkes B. A., Talcott L. Black and Plain Pottery of the 6th, 5th and 4th Centuries B.C. // AA. 1970. Vol. XII).
  • 36TAEM 2899. : 23 YR 6/6; : 7,5 YR 2,5/1  10 YR 2/1 (Munsell, 2000).
  • 37Vanderpool E. The Rectangular Rock-Cut Shaft: The Lower Fill // Hesperia. 1938. Vol. 7. No. 3. P. 396398. Nr. 31; Agora XXIII. Nrs. 12651266; Lynch K. M. Athenian Black-Figured and Black Gloss Pottery // The Art of Antiquity: Piet de Jong and the Athenian Agora. Athens, 2007. P. 184. Figs. 159160.
  • 38CVA: Moscow, Pushkin State museum of fine arts 1. P. 43. Pl. (46) 46, 2.
  • 39ÇOMÜ MenÇ 04 41/ O 83.
  • 40 K2 . . .  .: Ure P. N. Six and Fifth century pottery from Rhitsona. L., 1927. P. 68; Agora XXX. P. 5961. Nrs. 15041516: ABV 57071.
  • 41ÇOMÜ MenÇ 04 41/ O 74; 06 41/ O 107.
  • 42Agora XXIII. P. 25. Nr. 41; CVA: Italia LXIX; Napoli V. Taf. 14, 16.
  • 43ÇOMÜ MenÇ 06 41/ O 152.1.
  • 44Green J. R. A new oinochoe series from the Acropolis North Slope // Hesperia. 1962. Vol. 31. P. 8283.
  • 45Ibid. P. 9293. Nrs. 1415; Agora XXX. Pl. 84, 823.
  • 46Green J. R. A new oinochoe series P. 9091; ARV2 1211, 1687.
  • 47CVA: New York, Hoppin and Gallatin Collections. P. 13. Pl. (43) 23, 1; ARV2 1108. 23.
  • 48CVA: London, British museum 6. III, I.C.3III, I.C.4. Pl. (360) 85, 1 AB; ARV2 580. 2, 1615.
  • 49.: CVA: Germany 6; Munich 2. III I. Pls. 77, 4; 80, 3, 5; Lear A., Cantarella E. Images of ancient Greek pederasty, boys were their gods. L.; N. Y., 2008. P. 172. Fig. 5, 4 (A); ARV2. 1209. 58; 1210. 69; ARV2. 1208. 4345; CVA: Ferrara, Museo Nazionale 1. P. 1213. Pl. (1672) 28, 56.
  • 50ÇOMÜ MenÇ 06 41/ O 152.1.
  • 51Alkimachos, Florence, Kaineus and Bologna 228 Painters (ARV2 531. 39; 543. 44; 511. 4).
  • 52Greek Vases in the San Antonio Museum of Art. San Antonio, 1995. P. 171; ARV2 511. 5, 1657, 512. 8.
  • 53ARV2. 1121. 10; 531. 39.
  • 54ARV2. 511. 45, 1657.
  • 55ÇOMÜ MenÇ 06 41/ O 132; 06 41/ O 117; 41/ O 151.
  • 56CVA: New Haven, Yale University Art gallery 1. P. 4849. Fig. 42. Pl. (1991) 51, 12; CVA: Bucharest 1, Institut dArcheologie. P. 37. Pl. (033) 33, 3; CVA: Geneva, Musee dArt et dHistoire 1. P. 19. Pl. (12) 12, 5; CVA: Nantes, Musee Dobree. P. 42. Pl. (1595) 23, 34; CVA, Musee Archeologique 1. P. 43. Pl. (138) 40, 13; Agora XXX. P. 64.
  • 57ÇOMÜ MenÇ 04 41/ O 30.
  • 58Agora XXX. P. 6773.
  • 59TAEM 2868; Agora XII. P. 84. Nr. 342 (470460 cc. BC).
  • 60ÇOMÜ MenÇ 05 41/ O 105.3.
  • 61Agora XII. 101102. Nr. 469 (ca. 480470 BC).
  • 62ÇOMÜ MenÇ 05 41/ O 151.
  • 63Agora XII. 93. Nr. 434 (ca. 475).
  • 64ÇOMÜ MenÇ 05 41/ O 52.3; Agora XII, 109, nr. 578579 (480470 BC).
  • 65ÇOMÜ MenÇ 04 41/ O 23.5.
  • 66 .: Agora XII. 114115, Nrs. 633636.
  • 67H  ; H0  ; H3  ; D  ; d  ; d1  .
  • 1448179031 1448179296 1448179765 1473081675 1473082674 1473150309

    , .