|
.

: . . 16. , 2013. . 240254.

.240 , , . , . IV . . . , , , 1. , , , , , IV  III . . ., . , - .

, , . ( 100130 )  . , , , IV . . . , , 2.

. , , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . 3, .241 . . 4,   . . 5 . . 6.

, , , . 7. . , ( ), . , , , , .

, , .   , ,  . .

, , , .242 , . , .

, , , . , 8. , , , . , . , . ,   .

, , , . , , , , , ,   IV . . . . , , , . , , , ( ) .   - . (, ), , . , , (, ).

.243 , . , , V IV . . . , , , (). , .

. , .   , . , , , , , , , . . , 9.

. , , . , . 10. , . , , , , 20 11.

. . , , , , .244 ( ΛΥ, ΙΑ ΠΑ), ( ) . (. 1 2). . , , . ,     .

, . , , . ἐπὶ , , , . . , , , 12.

, , , - , . , , , . , , , Βόταχος Μολοσσός, Ὤρα Κερκίνος, Ματρίς Λυκῶν. . , , , , . , . , , IV . . . . , , , , , , .245 . , , . , , ἐπὶ. , . , ,     (. 3). , , , , . IV . . . , ἐπὶ, , , : Φιλώνος / Ὑπιτιῶν Φιλίνος / Ἀττῆς. (215:214). , . .

, , , . . 90 13. . .

, , . , . , , , , IV . . . ,   . , , .

II

, , .246 14. , , . , , , ( 35%), , , Ἀγνόδαμος, Ἀλκάνωρ, Ἀνικάτος, Ἀρτώνδας, Βόαθος, Βώταχος, Δαμόξενος, Δαμοφῶν, Εὐρύδαμος, Ἱαροκλῆς, Καλλίας, Ὄνασος . ( 25%) , , , : Ἀγασίλαος, (Αἰθέρος) Αἰθήρ, Ἀντίφιλος, Εἰρηναῖος, Εὐωπίδας, Λυκάρητος, Νοσσός.

, , , Ἡρακλείδας, Ἡρακλείδης. , Νοσσὸς ἐπὶ Παυσανίᾳ Νοσσὸς ἐπὶ Παυσάνο.

, , Πασεάδα Ἱστιῆος, .

, . , , . . , .

, , , , Ἄτταλος Ἀττῆς. , , , , , . , , , , , , , , .

,   , . , , IV . . . ( . ) 7, ( . )  3. , , .247 : . ἐπὶ, , . , , , , , , . , , , : ΛΥΚΩΝΟΣ / ΜΑΛΙΑ ΕΠΙ (. 3).

: , , , , . , . IV . . . , V . . . , , .

, ,  , , ,  . , , , . , ,   , . IV . . . . , , (. 45).

.

, , ,   . , , , . , , , .248 . , , .

III

. , . , , , , , , (. 6). , . , - 15. , - 1520 . , , 70 16. . . , , , , . , , , , . , . , , . 19 , . , . 17. , ( ), .249 , , .

: ? , , . , , , . , , . . , , .

. , , , . , , . , , . : , / , ? , , .

, , , . , , , . -, . . , . , , , V . . . IV . . . ( , 50 , ) , .250 , , .

-, , , , . ( ) , . , , . ,   . . , , 19 , .

, , IV . . .   ? /. , , . , .   , , . , IV . . . , , . , .

, . , , , , .

.251

Balabanov P. Notes regarding the amphorae with englyphic stamps

Amphorae with englyphic stamps have been known for more than 200 years. This class of products is characterized by several features that distinguish them from the mass production of amphorae in ancient Hellas, such as quality of the clay, technology used for marking, major differences in the quality of the finished products. Another important feature is the relatively short period of their production and use, spanning about one hundred years, and the dynamics of their appearance and disappearance.

A number of issues related to their classification and interpretation continue to spark debates, for example their origin from the Pontic Heraclea has recently been questioned. An analysis of the names from this type of stamps shows that in the polis where they have been produced, the main population was of Doric origin. A little fewer were the people with Ionic origin, and possibly a substantial number of citizens of the polis even had non-Greek origin. The main worshiped deities were Heracles, Apollo and Dionysus. An analysis of the geographical distribution of the finds enables us to surmise two major mechanisms of trade. Obviously, some of these amphorae have been issued in large compact batches consisting of vessels with the same markings, while others constituted small batches. In the first case, the archaeological site contains large series of vessels with identical stamps, and in the second case, most often, collections of stamps with different content.

In previous attempts to interpret the contents of englyphic stamps with two names, the mechanism that led to their emergence was assumed to be the same as the one that took place on the islands of Thasos and Rhodes. A number of arguments exist that make such an analogy hardly defensible. This allows us to think of another interpretation of the second names on englyphic stamps. They may mark the presence of a group of traders or distributors of finished goods that are not (or are related in an unconventional way) with the public administration. The hypothesis is not yet supported by conclusive arguments. The very possibility of proposing this hypothesis though shows that our knowledge about amphorae marked with englyphic stamps is far from the desired level of certainty.


.252

. 1. .
. 2:   ;   ; ,   .

.253

. 3. :   ;   ;   ;   .
. 4:   ;   .

.254

. 5. .
. 6. .


  • 1Garlan Y., Balabanov P. Les timbres amphoriques Grecs dits d Héraclée Pontique et autres (première moitié du IVe siècle av. J.-C.) dans létablissement de Kostadin tcheshma près de Debelt (Bulgarie) // ( ).
  • 2 .  // . 1980. . XVI. . 521; . . : . , 1999. . 182.
  • 3 . . . ., 1917; . .  // . 1928. . ; . .  // . 1965. . V; . VIII . . . ., 1982; . . : ; . : - . .; , 2003; . . . ; , 2007.
  • 4 . . 521;
  • 5Garlan Y. Les emblems dans le timbrage amphoriqes dHéraklée pontique // Pontica. 2007. T. 40. P. 93100; idem. Les graveur des timbres amphorique dHéraklée pontique // Hommage Conovici. 2008. P. 7186.
  • 6Teleaga E. Beiträge zur Chronologie der Amphorenstempel und der Amphoren der von Heraklea Pontike // Münsterische Beiträge z. antiken Handelschichte. 2003. Bd. 22. Ht. 1.
  • 7Balabanov P. About the origin of englyphic stamps amphora // PATABS I. 2006. P. 1922; Boer J. de. Preliminary Observations on the Greek Transport Amphorae // Apollonia Pontica. Gent, 2008.
  • 8 . ., . . - IVIII . . . // . , 1992. . 3268.
  • 9Garlan Y. Amphore et timbres amphoriques grecs. Entre erudition et idéologie // Mémoires de lAcadémie des inscription et Belles-lettres. P., 2000. T. XXI.
  • 10 . . . 232249.
  • 11 . . : . 251, 274, 276, 278, 280, 316.
  • 12 . . . 232249.
  • 13 . . . 238.
  • 14 . . . . . .
  • 15 IV . . . .: . . ; . . : ; Buzoianu L., Bărbulescu M. Albeşti. Monografie arheologică. I. Constanţa, 2008.
  • 16Bozkova A. Englyphic amphora Stamps from Tumulus 8 of Kolokita Promontory near Sozopol (the Ancient Apollonia Pontica) // PATABS-II. 2011. P. 111117.
  • 17 . ., . .  // . . , 2002. . 4050.
  • 1467463271 1472277517 1398852812 1473082674 1473150309 1473151217

    , .