|

- otium

Juvenis scientia. 2017. 1. . 4547.

.45

- otium . otium , ,   ,  / ( ). , otium , . otium (, ), (, ).

: , , otium, , , , .

Arina Bragova (Nizhny Novgorod State University of Linguistics). The Social and Political Meaning of the Concept otium in Ciceros Writings

The article is devoted to the analysis of the social and political concept otium in Ciceros assessment based on the contextual semantics. The concept otium is used by Cicero, on the one hand, in a political sense  as peace, tranquillity in / outside Rome or as retirement from public affairs (forced or voluntary). On the other hand, otium is a social category and means leisure, free time. In this meaning Ciceros concept otium means either time for passive cognitive exercises (for example, for studying the Greek philosophical heritage) or time for active cognitive exercises (for example, for writing books).

Keywords: Cicero, Ancient Rome, otium, peace, leisure, social, political.

, (auctoritas, dignitas, otium, mores majorum, optimates .), , , (vir bonus, prudentia, justitia, beneficentia, magnitudo animi, temperantia .). otium .

otium , , , [1, . 160161; 2, . 4168; 3, . 20, 8387, 103, 146147; 4, . 106107; 5, . 5659; 6, . 113127; 7, . 144155; 8, . 4350; 9, . 12, 291; 10, . 326; 11, . 9293; 12, . 516; 13, . 193199; 14, . 7778; 15, . 370; 16, . 125; 17, . 3536; 18, . 32; 19, . 3442, 4849, 52, 6162; 20, . 68; 21, . 7071; 22, . 5758; 23, . 3334; 24, . 18]. , -, . , otium , , , .

otium , ( , otium [13, . 194; 3, . 84]) (, Cic. Ad Att. 1. 14. 4, 1. 17. 56, 1. 20. 5, 2. 1. 4, 2. 1. 11, 2. 14. 1, 4. 6. 2, 5. 14. 1, 6. 1. 11, 7. 7. 5, 7. 18. 2, 9. 7. 1, 9. 11. 2, 9. 11a. 1, 14. 2. 3, 14. 21. 2614. 21. 4, 14. 22. 1, 15. 1. 4, 15. 2. 3, 16. 16b. 2, 16. 16c. 3; Ad Brut. 1. 2a. 1, 1. 15. 4; Ad fam. 1. 8. 4, 1. 9. 10, 1. 9. 21, 2. 13. 3, 2. 16. 2, 2. 17. 5, 2. 18. 3, 3. 7. 1, 4. 4. 4, 4. 9. 3, 5. 7. 1, 5. 21. 2, 9. 9. 1, 10. 32. 5, 11. 2. 2, 11. 20. 4, 11. 28. 8, 12. 1. 1, 12. 17. 1; Ad Q. fr. 1. 1. 25, 1. 1. 34, 2. 13. 5, 3. 5. 5; De off. 1. 77, 2. 41; De orat. 1. 1, 1. 2, 1. 32, 2. 143, 2. 144, 3. 122, 3. 131; De rep. 1. 6, 1. 63, 2. 26, 2. 43; De nat. deor. 1. 7; De prov. cons. 24, 39; In Pis. 4, 30; Pro Sest. 5, 15, 46, 74, 98100, 104, 110, 138, 139; Pro Sul. 26 . .), -, (, Cic. Ad Att. 1. 5. 4, 1. 6. 1, 1. 7, 1. 19. 1, 2. 3. 4, 2. 4. 2, 2. 6. 1, 2. 14. 2, 4. 16. 2, 5. 20. 9, 12. 40. 2, 14. 8. 2; Ad Q. fr. 2. 2. 1, 2. 12. 2, 2. 15. 1, 3. 9. 2; Ad fam. 2. 9. 3, 3. 11. 4, 6. 18. 5, 7. 1. 1, 7. 33. 2, 8. 1. 1, 10. 28. 3, 10. 31. 6, 11. 29. 3, 12. 30. 1, 15. 4. 16; De leg. 1. 9, 3. 14; De off. 1. 69, 1. 153, 1. 156, 2. 4, 3. 13; De rep. 1. 1, 1. 79, 1. 14, 3. 4; Orat. 108; De orat. 1. 3, 1. 14, 1. 22, 1. 57, 1. 79, 1. 95, 1. 164, 1. 224, 1. 255, 2. 1920, 2. 22, 2. 57, 2. 59, 2. 139, 3. 5658, 3. 211; Pro Balb. 15; Pro Cael. 1; Pro Planc. 66; Pro Sest. 57; Pro Arch. 3, 12; Pro Flac. 75). , , (, , ), , .

otium, -, (Cic. Ad Att. 1. 14. 4, 6. 1. 11, 7. 7. 5, 9. 7. 1, 14. 21. 2, 14. 21. 4, 14. 22. 1, 15. 1. 5, 15. 2. 3; Ad fam. 12. 1. 1, 12. 17. 1; Ad Q. fr. 2. 13. 5; De off. 1. 77, 2. 41). , , , (spem omnem oti) (Cic. Ad Att. 6. 1. 11). otium [19, . 49]. -, otium .46 , , : (Cic. Ad Att. 1. 20. 5, 2. 1. 4, 2. 1. 11), (Cic. Ad Att. 5. 14. 1), (Cic. Ad fam. 2. 17. 5), (Cic. Ad Q. fr. 1. 1. 34). , , , (otium nuntiari e Gallia non magno opere gaudet) (Cic. Ad Att. 1. 20. 5). , otium tranquillitas (Cic. In Pis. 4: tranquillitatis atque otii; Pro Sest. 110: otio et tranquillitate rei publicae), pax (Cic. Ad Q. fr. 3. 5. 5: ad otium pacemque converto; De prov. cons. 39: diligentissimo custode pacis atque otii; De rep. 1. 63: in pace et otio, 2. 26: otii et pacis; In Pis. 30: bellum ac tumultum paci atque otio concessurum), dignitas (Cic. Pro Sest. 98: id quod est praestantissimum maximeque optabile omnibus sanis et bonis et beatis, cum dignitate otium; De orat. 1. 1: ut vel in negotio sine periculo vel in otio cum dignitate esse possent; Ad fam. 1. 9. 21: omnibus nobis in administranda re publica propositum esse debeat id cum dignitate otium), , otium , . -, otium , , , . . , , (Cic. Ad Att. 4. 6. 2; Ad fam. 1. 17. 5, 2. 16. 2, 4. 4. 4; De orat. 1. 32), , , , (Cic. Ad Att. 2. 14. 1; Ad fam. 9. 9. 1; De orat. 2. 143144, De nat. deor. 1. 7) [2, c. 45]. , , , ( ) ? (quid si cessare libeat et in oti portum confugere?) (Cic. Ad Att. 4. 6. 2). , (otio langueremus), () (eam unius consilio atque cura gubernari necesse esset) (Cic. De nat. deor. 1. 7). Otium honestus (Cic. Ad Att. 1. 17. 5: me ambitio quaedam ad honorum studium, te autem alia minime reprehendenda ratio ad honestum otium duxit; Ad fam. 4. 4. 4: meque metuo ne etiam in ceteris rebus honesto otio privarim, 4. 9. 3: honesto otio tenueris et statum et famam dignitatis tuae, 5. 21. 2: nullius vim plus valere volui quam honestum otium; Pro Sul. 26: nullum aliud mihi praemium ab senatu populoque Romano nisi honestum otium postularem), , otium , . , , otium honestum, . Otium , , inhonestum [19, . 48]. [23, . 33].

otium - [7, . 144155; 10, . 326; 12, . 516; 24, . 18] . , otium [19, . 35]. - otium , . , - ( , , ) (Cic. Ad fam. 7. 1. 1, 15. 4. 16; De orat. 2. 59; Pro Planc. 66; Pro Flac. 75), (, ) (Cic. Ad Att. 12. 40. 2; Ad fam. 8. 1. 1; Pro Arch. 3, 12). , otium (textual time), (intellectual discussion) (textual production): otium (simple inactivity), (rather a very specific sort of textual engagement) [19, c. 34]. , , , (delectationis causa, cum est otium, legere soleo) (Cic. De orat. 2. 59). , ( , ), (cujus otii esset non modo perscribere haec, sed omnino animadvertere) (Cic. Ad fam. 8. 1. 1). , otium , studium (Cic. De orat. 1. 22; otio studioque abundantis partitionem jam quandam artium fecisse video; Pro Arch. 3: otium ac studium minime in judiciis periculisque tractata est), requies (Cic. De orat. 1. 224: philosophorum autem libros reservet sibi ad hujusce modi Tusculani requiem atque otium), philosophia (Cic. Ad fam. 15. 4. 16: societas studiorum atque artium nostrarum, quibus a pueritia dediti ac devincti soli propemodum nos philosophiam veram illam et antiquam, quae quibusdam otii esse ac desidiae videtur). , otium - negotium , , (Cic. De off. 1. 156: Nec enim locus ullus est praetermissus ab iis, qui ad leges, qui ad mores, qui ad disciplinam rei publicae pertineret, ut otium suum ad nostrum negotium contulisse videantur), -  (Cic. De orat. 1. 1: ut vel in negotio sine periculo vel in otio cum dignitate esse possent), otium  negotium otium .

, otium . , , . otium , , .

1. . . . .: , 1965.

2. . . Iners otium // . .: , 1988. . 4168.

3. . . . . . . . , 2005.

4. . . I . . . : - , 2012.

5. . . otium  // . . . . 2012.  1 (2). . 5659.

6. Rèmy E. Dignitas cum otio // Le Musèe Belge. 1928. No. 32. P. 113127.

.47

7. Lepore E. Il princeps ciceroniano e gli ideali politici della tarda repubblica. Napoli, 1954.

8. Balsdon J. Auctoritas, Dignitas, Otium // The Classical Quarterly. 1960. Vol. 10. P. 4350.

9. Petersson T. Cicero: a Biography. New York: Cooper Square, 1963.

10. Boyancè P. Cicéron et la vie contemplative // Latomus. 1967. No. 2. P. 326.

11. Wirszubski Ch. Libertas as a Political Idea at Rome during the Late Republic and Early Principate. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

12. Perlich D. Otium oder accedere ad rem publicam: Das Problem der politischen Betätigung bei Cicero // Der altsprachliche Unterricht. 1970. Bd. 13 (1). P. 516.

13. Wood N. Ciceros Social and Political Thought. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.

14. Colish M. L. The Stoic Tradition from Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages. Leiden, New York; Kobenhavn, Köln: E. J. Brill, 1990.

15. De Ste. Croix G. E. M. The Class Struggle in the Ancient Greek World from the Archaic Age to the Arab Conquests. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1998.

16. Thompson N., ed. Instilling Ethics. Lanham, Boulder, New York, Oxford: Bowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2000.

17. Radford R. T. Cicero: A Study in the Origins of Republican Philosophy. Amsterdam, New York, 2002.

18. Kaster R. A., tr. Cicero: Speech on Behalf of Publius Sestius. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2006.

19. Stroup S. C. Catullus, Cicero and a Society of Patrons: The Generation of the Text. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

20. Leonhardt J. Latin: Story of a World Language / transl. by K. Kronenberg. Cambridge, London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2013.

21. Jenkyns R. God, Space and City in the Roman Imagination. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

22. Zarecki J. Ciceros Ideal Statesman in Theory and Practice. New York: Bloomsbury, 2014.

23. McConnell S. Philosophical Life in Ciceros Letters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

24. Altman W. H. F. The Revival of Platonism in Ciceros Late Philosophy: Platonis aemulus and the Invention of Cicero. Lantham: Lexington Books, 2016.

1502583372 1502583511 1502583604 1512059937 1512060265 1512078216

, .