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divinatio

Juvenis scientia. 2017. 3. . 2728.

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Arina Bragova (Nizhny Novgorod State University of Linguistics). Cicero on the Concept of Divinatio

The article is devoted to the analysis of Ciceros attitude to divinatio, a capacity of predicting the future, which is obtained from gods. Cicero distinguishes between two types of divination  artistic (auspices, haruspices, divination by lightning, stars and other signs of nature) and natural (predictions in a dream, in a state of ecstasy, before dying). Following Academics, Cicero uses the method of considering opposing points of view on divination (its acceptance and denial), which gives rise to a dual approach of researchers towards Ciceros attitude to divination. The author of the article concludes that the dual interpretation of Ciceros attitude to divination has something to do with multi-dimensionality of his beliefs: as a philosopher, he can either acknowledge or deny the truth of the interpretations of different divinations, while, being a Roman citizen or a politician, he stands for divination as an important instrument of the Roman religious rituals.

Keywords: Cicero, Ancient Rome, divinatio, divination, divine reason, auspices, haruspices.

divinatio. [1, . 3439; 2, . 13; 3, . 195; 4, . 316; 5, . 157167; 6, . 3346; 1, . 4765; 8, . 4251; 9, . 121; 10, . 220221; 11, . 122123, 149150, 161, 184185, 189197; 12, . 389; 13, . 1213, 2223, 3233, 6869], - .

divinatio, De divinatione. , , (Cic. De div. 1. 1. 1). , , (Cic. De div. 1. 49. 111  1. 50. 112, 1. 52. 118 1. 55. 125). , (Cic. De div. 1. 1. 2  1. 2. 4). , , , , , , , , (Cic. De div. 1. 3. 56) [5, . 157]. , , : (Cic. De div. 1. 6. 11. Cf.: 1. 18. 34, 1. 32. 72, 1. 44. 100, 1. 44. 109) [10, . 220221; 8, . 42]. ,   . (Cic. De div. 1. 44. 109). , . . (Cic. De div. 1. 15. 25  1. 17. 33, 1. 18. 36, 1. 33. 72  1. 34. 74, 1. 35. 77, 1. 39. 87  1. 41. 90, 1. 41. 92, 1. 42. 94, 1. 43. 95  1. 47. 105, 1. 48. 108), , . . (Cic. De div. 1. 12. 19, 1. 14. 24, 1. 17. 33, 1. 36. 79, 1. 41. 91, 1. 42. 93, 1. 43. 95, 1. 43. 9798, 1. 44. 99), , . . (Cic. De div. 1. 10. 16, 1. 34. 75, 1. 41. 92, 1. 42. 93), (Cic. De div. 1. 8. 14, 1. 9. 1516), (Cic. De div. 1. 45. 102  1. 46. 104). (Cic. De div. 1. 20. 39  1. 23. 46, 1. 24. 48  1. 30. 63, 1. 43. 96, 1. 44. 99, 1. 51. 115), (Cic. De div. 1. 18. 34, 1. 19. 37, 1. 31. 66  1. 32. 69, 1. 37. 80  1. 37. 81, 1. 50. 114115), (Cic. De div. 1. 30. 63  1. 31. 65). divinatio , : , , , , (Cic. De div. 1. 49. 110, 1. 52. 118  1. 55. 125. Cf.: Cic. De leg. 2. 32).   (Cic. De div. 1. 35. 77, 1. 45. 101). , .28 , , (Cic. De div. 1. 49. 111  1. 50. 112). , , (Cic. De div. 1. 55. 125  1. 58. 132).

De divinatione , , , . [7, . 47; 13, . 12]. , , . , (Cic. De div. 2. 3. 9). , , . : , , , , , , , , , , ? , (Cic. De div. 2. 4. 12. Cf.: 2. 10. 25, 2. 17. 41; Cic. De nat. deor. 1. 20. 55). (Cic. De div. 1. 12. 23), : , , , , (Cic. De div. 2. 5. 14). : (Cic. De div. 2. 12. 28  2. 17. 39, 2. 18. 42), (Cic. De div. 2. 18. 42  2. 21. 49), (Cic. De div. 2. 22. 49  2. 24. 53, 2. 28. 6162), (Cic. De div. 2. 25. 54  2. 28. 60), (Cic. De div. 2. 33. 70  2. 47. 99), : (Cic. De div. 2. 48. 100  2. 72. 150). , , , , , , , (Cic. De div. 2. 17. 41). , . divinatio. . , - , , , ex utraque parte [12, . 389. .: 7, . 47; 2, . 13]. . , , , , , , [6, . 33]. , , , De legibus [6, . 33], . , De re publica De legibus 10 [7, . 47. .: 11, . 191; 3, . 195]. . [13, . 23. .: 1, . 35]. . , , , , consensus omnium, , (Cic. De div. 1. 6. 12  1. 48. 132) [9, . 121], [9, . 122]. . , - , , [11, . 185]. , (, . . ) De divinatione   () , , , . , , : , -, mos majorum, , , , [11, . 193197. .: 13, . 12]. .

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