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Juvenis scientia. 2017. 4. . 3941.

.39

superstitio (). , . . . , , , . De divinatione , , . : , .

: , , , superstitio, , , religio.

Cicero on Superstition

The article deals with Ciceros assessment of superstitio (superstition in English). Cicero considers superstition to be an empty fear of gods. He opposes it to religion, i. e. a devout worship of gods. Superstition should be suppressed, while religion, combined with cognition of nature, should be supported. In the second book of the treatise De divinatione Cicero equates the Roman religious rituals to superstitions, and this can be seen as an attempt to look at the question of religion from the opposite angle, not as Ciceros own point of view. In non-religious treatises superstition and religion are used by Cicero as synonyms, and this usage is supposed to be an exception, rather than a rule.

Keywords: Cicero, Ancient Rome, superstition, superstitio, god, religion, religio.

(superstitio). [1, . 5778; 2, . 1920, 23, 25, 2728, 30, 32, 38; 3, . 1014; 4, . 189, 229230; 5, . 41; 6, . 159160; 7, . 246248; 8, . 314316; 9, . 47; 10, . 61; 11, . 185; 12, . 172173; 13, . 27, 28, 30, 128; 14, . 1213, 23], , .

superstitio 36 , , superstitiosus superstitiose,  13 2 . , ,  De divinatione (superstitio 21 ). (1. 42. 117) (timor inanis deorum).

(superstitio) (religio) (Cic. De div. 2. 72. 148149; De nat. deor. 1. 42. 117, 2. 28. 7172; De part. orat. 81; Pro Cluent. 194). (Cic. De invent. 2. 165; In Verr. 2. 4. 113). , , . , , De inventione , , , (superstitio, quae religioni propinqua est) (Cic. De invent. 2. 165). . , , , : , , : , (Cic. De div. 2. 72. 148). . . , , : , , , , , , [1, . 76]. . , , superstitio , , religio  [11, . 185]. . De divinatione, , , , [7, . 248].

: , .40 , (Cic. De div. 2. 72. 149). , , . , , , [12, . 172173]. [12, . 172173. .: 13, . 30]. . superstitio, . . superstitio [13, . 128]. : , Pro Cluentio, 194 superstitio , [13, . 128]. . , , , [10, . 61]. , : , (Cic. De nat. deor. 2. 28. 71). , , .

  : De divinatione (, , , . .), (Cic. De div. 1. 2. 34, 1. 6. 12, 1. 14. 25, 1. 15. 27, 1. 36. 79, 1. 38. 8283, 1. 47. 105, 1. 55. 125),   , (Cic. De div. 2. 36. 76, 2. 39. 83, 2. 40. 83, 2. 41. 85, 2. 60. 125, 2. 72. 148). , , , [9, . 47; 14, . 12]. . , . . (, , , ) , De divinatione ,   : , , [2, . 34]. , , , , . : , . . , , : . , De divinatione , , , , . , , , , . , [8, . 316]. , , , , , , .

superstitio: (Cic. De div. 1. 55. 126; 2. 40. 83, 2. 63. 129, 2. 67. 136, 2. 72. 149; De fin. 1. 63; De nat. deor. 2. 28. 70, 3. 39. 92). , : ? (Cic. De div. 2. 63. 129. Cf.: 2. 67. 136). : , , . , , (numine deorum omnia fingi, moveri mutarique posse. Neque id dicitis superstitiose atque aniliter, sed physica constantique ratione) (Cic. De nat. deor. 3. 39. 92). , , . , , , .

. . ,   , , . , , , . , [15, . 790793; 16, . 79]. , , , , (  ) . , : . , , .

. , . . . , , , . De divinatione , .41 , . : , .

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2. . .  // . . .: , 1985. . 559.

3. . .  // . 2010. . 3.  2. . 1014.

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15. . . . . .: , 1980. 832 .

16. . . . : , 2008. 96 .

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