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libido

Juvenis scientia. 2017. 8. . 2831.

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libido. . Libido (audacia, avaritia, crudelitas, cupiditas .) (honestum, virtus, officium, cogitatio, industria, prudentia .) (auctoritas, dignitas .). , libido lex   . - libido , , (audacia, crudelitas, cupiditas, luxuria, nequitia, turpitudo, voluptas .). - . libido - , - .

: , , libido, , , .

Arina Bragova (Nizhny Novgorod State University of Linguistics). The Concept of libido in Ciceros Assessment

The article analyzes Ciceros assessment of libido. In the political context it denotes an outrage of a bad ruler and has a negative connotation. Libido is combined with the negative moral categories (audacia, avaritia, crudelitas, cupiditas, etc.) and opposed to the positive Stoic concepts (honestum, virtus, officium, cogitatio, industria, prudentia, etc.) and the Roman political terms (auctoritas, dignitas, etc.). Besides, libido correlates with the concept of lex within the frames of the antithesis lawlessnesslegitimacy. In the ethical and philosophical discourse libido means lust and, as well as in the political context, it is used with the negative moral categories (audacia, crudelitas, cupiditas, luxuria, nequitia, turpitudo, voluptas, etc.). It is contrasted with the terms of the Stoic doctrine of the moral beauty alongside with the Roman ethic terms. In Ciceros works libido is more often employed in the ethical and philosophical context. However, in some passages the political, ethical and philosophical meanings of libido intersect.

Keywords: Cicero, Ancient Rome, libido, outrage, passion, lust.

libido. , libido libido  lex [1, . 151171; 2, . 227; 3, . 159; 4, . 144]. . . , libido (unbrilled desire) (will) [5, . 129130]. libido ( libidinosus [6, . 4041], libido luxuria / luxuries [7, . 4041]). , . , .

libido . (Cic. In Verr., Phil., In Pis., Pro Cael., Pro Cluent., Pro Sul.), (Cic. In Verr., Phil., In Pis.). , - (Cic. De off., De rep., De sen., De amic., Tusc. disp., De fin.). , , - .

, .

libido (libidinosus, libidinose) (Cic. In Verr., Phil., In Pis., In Caecil.),   (Ad Att., Ad fam., De dom., De invent., De leg. agr., De leg., De orat., De rep., Orat., Pro Caec., Pro Cluent., Pro Flacc., Pro Planc., Pro Rab. Post., Pro Sest., Pro Sull., etc.). libido , , , , . (), ( ), (), (), , . (Cic. In Verr. 1. 13, 35, 56, 2. 1. 7778, 8182, 120, 2. 2. 9, 3941, 97, 2. 3. 56, 16, 56, 77, 82, 95, 117, 205, 208, 210, 220, 2. 4. 112, 115, 2. 5. 42, 85, 128, 145; Phil. 13. 17; In Pis. 16, 21, 39; In Caecil. 9, 57; Ad Att. 7. 9. 4; Ad fam. 9. 16. 3; De dom. 106; De leg. agr. 2. 14, 55; De leg. 3. 34; De orat. 3. 4; De rep. 1. 65, 2. 59, 63; Orat. 167; Pro Caec. 76, 77; Pro Cluent. 61, 159; Pro Flacc. 26, 51; Pro Marc. 23; Pro Planc. 30; Pro Rab. Post. 1, 11, 22, 25, 43, 45; Pro Sest. 20, 93; Pro Sull. 16, 78, 79, etc.). libido .29 , () (Cic. Pro Font. 4), () (Cic. Pro Font. 36), ()1 (Cic. Pro Font. 49). , libido .

libido , audacia (Cic. In Verr. 2. 3. 5; Pro Sest. 20; Pro Sull. 16, 78; Ad Att. 9. 7. 5), avaritia (Cic. In Verr. 2. 3. 220, 2. 5. 42; De rep. 2. 63), crimen (Cic. In Verr. 2. 3. 205; Pro Planc. 30), crudelitas (Cic. In Verr. 1. 56, 2. 1. 77, 82, 2. 4. 112, 2. 5. 42, 145; Pro Rab. Post. 45; Pro Sull. 78), cupiditas (Cic. In Verr. 1. 35, 2. 1. 77, 2. 2. 97; Pro Sest. 93; Pro Cluent. 159; Pro Rab. Post. 43), dominatio (Cic. In Verr. 1. 35), facinus (Cic. Pro Sull. 78), flagitium (Cic. Phil. 13. 17; Pro Sull. 16), improbitas (Cic. In Verr. 1. 35, 2. 1. 77, 2. 3. 208, 220), imprudentia (Cic. In Verr. 1. 13), impudentia (Cic. In Verr. 2. 2. 40; Ad Att. 7. 9. 4; De leg. agr. 2. 55), inconstantia (Cic. Pro Cluent. 61), indignitas (Cic. In Verr. 2. 4. 112), infamia (Cic. In Verr. 1. 35, In Caecil. 9), insolentia (Cic. De rep. 1. 65), invidia , (Cic. Pro Sest. 93; Pro Cluent. 159), iracundia (Cic. Pro Flacc. 26), levitas (Cic. Pro Sull. 79), licentia (Cic. In Verr. 2. 3. 77, 205, 210), luxuries / luxuria , (In Pis. 21; In Verr. 2. 2. 9) [7], metus (Cic. In Verr. 2. 1. 78, 81; Pro Sull. 78), nequitia (Cic. In Verr. 2. 3. 77), nocens (Cic. In Caec. 9), odium (Cic. In Verr. 2. 1. 81; De leg. agr. 2. 14; Pro Cluent. 159), scelus (Cic. In Verr. 2. 1. 78, 81, 2. 2. 39, 2. 3. 5, 2. 4. 112, 2. 5. 128, 145; Phil. 13. 17; In Pis. 16, 39; Pro Sull. 16), stuprum (Cic. In Pis. 39), superbia (Cic. Verr. 2. 3. 5), temeritas (Cic. In Verr. 2. 4. 112), turpitude (Cic. Pro Cluent. 61; Pro Rab. Post. 43), vitiosus (Cic. De leg. 3. 34), voluptas (Cic. De rep. 2. 59) . . , libido words of abuse, a , , -, . [1, . 151].

, , libido lex (Cic. In Verr. 1. 13, 56, 82, 2. 2. 3941, 2. 3. 5, 16, 82, 117, 205, 220, 2. 4. 112; In Pis. 16, 39; De invent. 2. 132; De leg. agr. 2. 14; De rep. 2. 63; Ad Att. 9. 7. 5; Pro Cluent. 159; Pro Marc. 23). libido , libido, , [1, . 168].

Libido lex , ( ): aequitas , , (Cic. In Verr. 2. 3. 205; Pro Cluent. 159), auctoritas , , (Cic. In Pis. 21; De leg. 3. 34; De orat. 3. 4; De rep. 2. 59; Pro Caec. 76; In Verr. 2. 5. 85), cogitatio (Cic. In Verr. 2. 3. 95), conscientia , , (Cic. In Pis. 39; Pro Rab. Post. 11), continentia (Cic. Orat. 167; In Verr. 2. 4. 115), dignitas (Cic. In Verr. 2. 2. 40; In Pis. 21), fides (Cic. Pro Cluent. 159; Pro Marc. 23), honestum - (Cic. Pro Caec. 77), industria (Cic. In Verr. 1. 35), innocentia , (Cic. In Pis. 39; In Verr. 2. 1. 77), libertas (Cic. De orat. 3. 4), officium , (Cic. In Verr. 2. 2. 97, 2. 3. 220), pietas (Cic. In Verr. 2. 2. 97), prudentia (Cic. In Verr. 2. 3. 16, 2. 5. 85; Pro Caec. 77), pudicitia (Cic. In Verr. 2. 3. 6), religio (Cic. In Verr. 2. 1. 120, 2. 3. 82, 2. 4. 112; De dom. 106; Pro Flacc. 26; Pro Cluent. 159), salus (Cic. De rep. 2. 59), sapiens (Cic. De leg. 3. 34; De rep. 2. 59), veritas (Cic. Pro Flacc. 26), virtus , (Cic. Pro Caec. 77; In Verr. 2. 5. 128), voluntas (Cic. In Verr. 2. 1. 81, 2. 3. 6, 220; Ad fam. 9. 16. 3; Pro Rab. Post. 45) .

- libido , , , , , , , , . , , , , , , libido, (Cic. Ad Att. 1. 16. 1, 1. 18. 2, 1. 19. 8, 6. 1. 2, 6. 3. 1; De amic. 19, 35, 47, 83; De dom. 23, 93, 126; De fat. 8, 10; De fin. 1. 4647, 5051, 59, 2. 66, 73, 3. 32, 5. 62; De har. resp. 38, 42; De imp. Pomp. 40, 65; De invent. 1. 32; De leg. 1. 51, 3. 31; De nat. deor. 3. 71, 91; De off. 1. 92, 102, 122123; De orat. 2. 342; De part. orat. 34; De prov. cons. 6, 8, 16, 24; De rep. 1. 60; De sen. 7, 29, 36, 42, 49; In Cat. 2. 11; In Pis. 27; In Verr. 1. 14, 2. 1. 6264, 68, 86, 2. 2. 115, 134, 192, 2. 3. 4, 23, 60, 76, 2. 4. 17, 111, 2. 5. 28, 30, 32, 2. 5. 80, 82, 137, 189; Phil. 2. 15, 45, 71, 104, 115, 3. 28, 35, 5. 33, 6. 4, 8. 16, 11. 9, 13. 10, 13. 17, 14. 19; Post redit. in quir. 13; Post redit. in sen. 11, 1315; Pro Balb. 56; Pro Cael. 12, 10, 1213, 25, 30, 3435, 38, 43, 45, 47, 49, 53, 55, 57, 70, 78; Pro Cluent. 12, 1415, 36, 188; Pro Font. 38, 40; Pro Mil. 73, 76; Pro Mur. 13; Pro Scaur. 6, 8, 13; Pro Sull. 58, 7071, 76, etc.). , , , , libido , (Cic. De fin. 3. 35; De rep. 6. 29; In Verr. 2. 1. 57; Tusc. disp. 3. 46), (Cic. De nat. deor. 2. 128; De off. 1. 54. Cf.: Cic. Pro Sest. 110), , - (Cic. De off. 3. 39, 117; De orat. 1. 194; Tusc. disp. 1. 72, 80, 2. 12, 58, 3. 4, 7, 11, 17, 2325, 27, 4. 8, 1112, 15, 21, 24, 34, 44, 55, 57, 60, 72, 5. 16, 20, 4243, 48, 101). (Cic. De leg. 2. 3637) , (Cic. De nat. deor. 1. 42): , . libido - : , , (pulchritudinem, constantiam, ordinem) (indecore) (libidinose) , .30 2 (Cic. De off. 1. 14. Cf.: Cic. De sen. 3941). : (Cic. Parad. stoic. 1. 1, 3. 1, 5. 1. Cf.: Cic. Pro Quinct. IV.14; Pro Sest. 22).

- libido , , ( ): aegritudo (Cic. De fin. 1. 59), amentia (Cic. In Cat. 2. 11; Pro Cluent. 15), audacia (Cic. De amic. 19; De invent. 1. 32; De prov. cons. 16; In Verr. 2. 5. 32, 189; Phil. 3. 28, 8. 16, 13. 10; Pro Cluent. 15; Pro Flacc. 40; Pro Sull. 71, 76), avaritia (Cic. De imp. Pomp. 40; De invent. 1. 32; De leg. 1. 51; De nat. deor. 3. 71; De rep. 1. 60; In Verr. 2. 1. 86, 2. 2. 134, 192, 2. 3. 4, 2. 5. 137, 189; Phil. 2. 115, 6. 4; Post redit. in quir. 13), contumelia (Cic. Ad Att. 6. 1. 2), crimen (Cic. In Verr. 2. 2. 192; Pro Cael. 53, 55; Pro Scaur. 13; Pro Sull. 71), crudelitas (Cic. De dom. 23, 93, De fat. 8; In Verr. 2. 3. 4, 2. 5. 32, 189; Phil. 3. 28, 11. 9, 14. 9; Pro Cael. 55; Pro Flacc. 40; Pro Scaur. 13), cupiditas (Cic. De amic. 19; De fin. 1. 51, 59; De imp. Pomp. 65; De invent. 1. 32; De leg. 3. 31; De rep. 1. 60; De sen. 49; In Verr. 2. 1. 62, 86, 2. 5. 32; Pro Cael. 12, 45, 188), dedecus (Cic. De dom. 126; De fin. 1. 47; De off. 1. 123; De sen. 42; Pro Cluent. 12, 15, 188), dominatio (Cic. De fin.1. 59), egestas (Cic. De dom. 126; Post redit. in quir. 13; Post redit. in sen. 11; Pro Cluent. 36), facinus (Cic. De nat. deor. 3. 71; In Verr. 2. 5. 189; Phil. 2. 115, 8. 16, 13. 10; Pro Cael. 13, 53, 55; Pro Flacc. 40; Pro Mil. 73; Pro Scaur. 13; Pro Sull. 76), fallax (Cic. De dom. 23; In Pis. 27), flagitium (Cic. In Verr. 1. 14, 2. 1. 6263, 2. 2. 115, 134, 192, 2. 3. 23, 60; Phil. 2. 45, 13. 17, 14. 9; Post redit. in sen. 15; Pro Cael. 47, 57; Pro Scaur. 13; Pro Sull. 76), foeditas (Cic. Phil. 2. 15), furor (Cic. Phil. 6. 4; Pro Sull. 76), ignavia (Cic. De amic. 47; De fin. 1. 50; Pro Scaur. 13), immoderatus (Cic. Pro Cael. 53), impius (Cic. Phil. 8. 16), improbitas (Cic. De prov. cons. 8; In Cat. 2. 11; In Verr. 2. 1. 86, 2. 3. 23; Pro Scaur. 8; Pro Sull. 71), impudentia (Cic. In Verr. 2. 3. 76, 2. 5. 82; Phil. 2. 15), impudicitia (Cic. De dom. 126; Phil. 3. 35), infamia (Cic. De leg. 1. 51; In Verr. 2. 2. 192; Pro Scaur. 8), insanis (Cic. Pro Sull. 70), inscientia (Cic. De fin. 1. 46), insolentia (Cic. Phil. 3. 35), intemperantia (Cic. De har. resp. 42; De off. 1. 122123; De sen. 29; Post redit. in sen. 11, 1314), invidia , (Cic. Pro Cael. 30; Pro Scaur. 13), iracundia (Cic. De fat. 8; De off. 1. 102; De rep. 1. 60), levitas (Cic. Ad Att. 6. 3. 1; Phil. 6. 4), licentia (Cic. De fin. 2. 73), luxuria / luxuries , (Cic. De off. 1. 92; In Pis. 27; In Verr. 2. 2. 134, 2. 5. 80, 137; Post redit. in sen. 11; Pro Balb. 56; Pro Cael. 13, 25, 43, 57; Pro Mur. 13), metus (Cic. De fin. 2. 73; De leg. 1. 51; De off. 1. 102), molestia , (Cic. De fin. 1. 59), nefarium , (Cic. In Verr. 1. 14), nequitia (Cic. In Cat. 2. 11; In Pis. 27; In Verr. 2. 1. 63, 2. 2. 115, 134, 192, 2. 5. 32, 137; Phil. 2. 15; Pro Cluent. 36), nocens (Cic. De har. resp. 38), parricidium (Cic. Pro Sull. 76), perfidia (Cic. In Verr. 2. 5. 189), petulantia (Cic. De sen. 36; Phil. 3. 28, 35; Pro Flacc. 40; Pro Sull. 71), rapina (Cic. Ad Att. 6. 1. 2; In Verr. 2. 5. 32), scelus (Cic. De dom. 23; De har. resp. 38, 42; In Cat. 2. 11; In Verr. 2. 4. 17, 111, 2. 5. 32, 189; Phil. 8. 16, 13. 10, 17, 14. 9; Pro Cael. 55; Pro Cluent. 12, 188; Pro Scaur. 13), stultitia (Cic. De leg. 1. 51), stuprum (Cic. De fin. 2. 73; De har. resp. 42; De leg. 1. 51; In Verr. 1. 14, 2. 1. 62, 64, 2. 3. 23; Phil. 6. 4; Pro Flacc. 38; Pro Sull. 71), superbia (Cic. De fat. 8; De orat. 2. 342; In Pis. 27; In Verr. 2. 5. 32), tarditas , , (Cic. De leg. 1. 51), temeritas (Cic. De fin. 1. 50; De rep. 1. 60; Pro Cael. 34), timiditas (Cic. De leg. 1. 51; Phil. 2. 71), timor (Cic. Pro Cluent. 15), turpitude (Cic. De har. resp. 38; De leg. 1. 51; De prov. cons. 6, 24; In Verr. 2. 1. 63; Phil. 11. 9, 14. 9; Pro Cael. 47, 78; Pro Mur. 13; Pro Sull. 76), vinulentia (Cic. Phil. 6. 4), vitium (Cic. De amic. 83; De fat. 10; In Verr. 2. 3. 4; Pro Cael. 25, 57; Pro Mur. 13), voluptas (Cic. De fin. 1. 46, 47, 59, 2. 73; De imp. Pomp. 40; De off. 1. 102; De prov. cons. 6; De sen. 42; In Verr. 2. 2. 115; Post redit. in sen. 1315; Pro Cael. 57; Pro Mur. 13) .

Libido : aequitas , , (Cic. De amic. 19), amicitia (Cic. De amic. 35, 47), beneficentia (Cic. De off. 1. 102), bonitas (Cic. De orat. 2. 342), cognitio (Cic. De imp. Pomp. 40), conscientia , , (Cic. De fin. 1. 51; In Verr. 2. 1. 64), constantia (Cic. Ad Att. 1. 19. 8; De amic. 19; De fin. 5. 62), dignitas (Cic. Pro Cael. 55; Pro Cluent. 12), diligentia (Cic. De off. 1. 92), fides (Cic. De amic. 19; Pro Sull. 58), fortitude (Cic. De amic. 47), frugalitas (Cic. In Verr. 2. 2. 192), gravitas (Cic. Phil. 13. 10), honestum - (Cic. De fin. 5. 62; Pro Cael. 78), industria (Cic. De off. 1. 122; Post redit. in sen. 13; Pro Cael. 12), innocentia , (Cic. Phil. 8. 16; Pro Flacc. 38), libertas (Cic. De fin. 2. 66), liberalitas (Cic. De amic. 19; De off. 1. 102), moderatio (Cic. De orat. 2. 342; De sen. 7; Phil. 13. 10), modestia (Cic. De fin. 2. 73; Phil. 8. 16), mos , (Cic. Pro Cael. 25), officium , (Cic. Pro Cael. 55; Pro Sull. 58), parsimonia (Cic. De off. 1. 102), patientia (Cic. De off. 1. 122), prudentia (Cic. De off. 1. 122123), pudicitia (Cic. De fin. 2. 73; De prov. cons. 24; In Verr. 2. 1. 64, 68; Pro Cael. 49), pudor (Cic. De fin. 2. 73; De prov. cons. 8; Pro Cluent. 15), religio (Cic. De leg. 3. 31; De prov. cons. 24; In Verr. 2. 4. 111; Pro Cael. 55; Pro Sull. 70), sapientia (Cic. De amic. 35; De fin. 1. 46, 3. 32), temperantia (Cic. De amic. 47; De fin. 2. 73; De prov. cons. 8; Phil. 8. 16; Pro Flacc. 38), virtus , (Cic. De amic. 83; De fin. 3. 32; De orat. 2. 342; De sen. 42; In Cat. 2. 11; Post redit. in sen. 1314; Pro Cael. 43; Pro Mil. 73) .

, libido - , . , libido - . , , .

, .31 , libido , -   . , , , [8],     . libido .

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7. . .  // Juvenis scientia. 2017.  5. . 4041.

8. . . I . . . // Studia humanitatis. 2016. 2. URL: http://st-hum.ru/content/bragova-am-ciceron-o-padenii-nravov-i-neobhodimosti-nravstvennoy-reformy-v-rimskoy ( 04. 08. 2017).


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