: *

78/3 (2018), 581610.

.581 ( 1951, 263). , , .

: , -, , , , , , ,

Latin Inscription from Azerbaijan: Problems and History of Interpretation

Alexander L. Smyshlyaev


The article is devoted to the history of the interpretation of Latin inscription from Azerbaijan (AE 1951, 263). In the authors opinion, it is to a considerable extent the history of mistakes and misconceptions related to the wrong localisation of the inscription, which led to the unreasonable idea about it being a testimony of Roman military presence in Caucasian Albania.

Keywords: Gobustan, Beyuk-Dash mountain, Caspian Gates, Derbent passage, Domitian, centurions, Albani, Alani, the Eastern policy of the Flavians

.582 70  - , , . ( , ) , . ,   .

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, , . . . . . 4. , , 1950 .5 Fasti Archaeologici6,   LAnnée épigraphique . . 7.

(. .)8:

.583

. 1. 1951, 263 = McCrum, Woodhead 1966, No. 100.
IMP(ERATORE) DOMITIANO
CAESARE AVG(VSTO)
GERMANIC(O)
L(VCIVS) IVLIVS
MAXIMVS CENTVRIO
LEG(IONIS) XII FVL(MINATAE)

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  • * 2010 . in situ, , , , . .
  • 1Dzhafarzade 1948, 304.
  • 2- , . , 200 .
  • 3Dzhafarzade 1948, 306307.
  • 4Yampolskiy 1949, 89.
  • 5Yampolskiy 1950, 177182.
  • 6Fasti Archaeologici 19503, 2450.
  • 7AE 1951, 263.
  • 8 . . , , . . . . (Yampolskiy 1950, 178, . 1), . . (Trever 1959, . 37) . (Braund 2003, 178, Fig. 2).
  • 9Trever 1959, 329.
  • 10Reynolds 1960, 209.
  • 11Trever 1953, 228229; Arakelyan 1971, 114115; Fyedorova 1982, 180181.
  • 12Fyedorova 1982, 179.
  • 13 , , , : ?
  • 14 . : , , (Schieber 1976, 111).
  • 15Dzhafarzade 1948, 309.
  • 16Tumbil 1948, 312313.
  • 17Khachikyan 1948, 9197. , , .
  • 18Pakhomov 1949, 8687.
  • 19Yampolskiy 1950, 180181.
  • 20Yampolskiy 1950, 178179. . 179, . 3 - . , . . . . -, - (. , Braund 2003, 179, Fig. 4), , . -, , , - , . -, , , . , 200300 (Campbell 2006, 33). -, 2025 , 50 (ibid).
  • 21Bokshchanin 1966, 220221.
  • 22Trever 1959, 344. . Grosso 1954, 141; Melikishvili 1959, 350351. (Jones 2002, 152; Griffin 2008, 64, n. 314), XXI Rapax (Jones 2002; Griffin 2008, 73).
  • 23Trever 1959, 127128, 345.
  • 24 , (), - . , , , (Makhlayuk 2009, 213214).
  • 25 - . (Crow 1986, 88). . ,   (Kolendo 1981, 45). . . , 1600 (Whittaker 2008, 309). , . 920 , , , , , , ( . Isaac 2000, 1011).
  • 26Isaac 2000, 398400.
  • 27 , .
  • 28Braund 1984, 9495.
  • 29 ( ) . (Schieber 1976, 9798, 104, 123). . . . (Yampolskiy 1950, 182), . . (Melikishvili 1959, 351352), . . (Bosworth 1976, 73) . . (Panov 2008, 270271).
  • 30 , -, , (Grosso 1955, 51). . Schieber 1976, 124125.
  • 31, , ,   , .
  • 32 . . , , , , . - , , (Dzhafarzade 1948, 305306, 309310).
  • 33 . , (Schieber 1976, 124).
  • 34 (Dzhafarzade 1948, 310).
  • 35 . . , XII (Pakhomov 1949, 8384).
  • 36 , , , , , , (. Trever 1959, 123124, 267268, 274275; Braund 1994, 4546).
  • 37 . , - , XVI , (Schieber 1976, 121). , , , , , , . XII , , . . 300 XVI (. Kornell, Matthews 1992, 151, 220).
  • 38Grosso 1954, 11779; 1955, 3378.
  • 39Grosso 1954, 118120, 142, 145.
  • 40Grosso 1954, 118, 140.
  • 41 , , . , , , , , (Yampolskiy 1950, 178), . . , , , , 7  (Dzhafarzade 1948, 306). , . . , , . .
  • 42Yampolskiy 1950, 177.
  • 43Elnitskiy 1950, 188197.
  • 44Elnitskiy 1950, 193194.
  • 45Pakhomov 1949, 8384.
  • 46AE 1951, 263, 7576.
  • 47 , - , , . (Reynolds 1960, 209)  , . . , , - , (. , . 54).
  • 48, . . , , . . . , - (Bosworth 1976, 75). , : , , (military area) (ibid. 63). , , , .
  • 49Grosso 1954, 118, n. 1. : 100 .
  • 50Grosso 1954, 123124, 129131. (CIL III 6745), XII . , . , 70 . . . II . (Grosso 1954, 136). . , II III . (Crow 1986, 80). . . , (Mitford 1974, 163164) II . (Mitford 1980, 11861187); . . , , , , , 130- (Perevalov 2010, 307308).
  • 51Perevalov 2010, 307308.
  • 52Grosso 1954, 136, 144, 162.
  • 53Melikishvili 1959, 348349; Tsereteli 1960, 123133; Boltunova 1971, 213222; Braund 1994, 227229.
  • 54Braund 1994, 4647. (Plin. NH. VI. 30; . Braund 2003, 188189).
  • 55Grosso 1954, 129130, 132133, 136, 138141, 145, 147, 152153.
  • 56Braund 1991c, 50; 1994, 226228.
  • 57, , in situ, , , . .
  • 58 , . , (Schieber 1976, 121123; Jones 2002, 231, n. 52).
  • 59 .
  • 60, . , . .
  • 61Syme 1958, 237238.
  • 62Syme 1958, 238, n. 2. .
  • 63. .
  • 64. Mitford 1974, 160162.
  • 65Luttwak 1976.
  • 66 . (. Whittaker 2004, 29).
  • 67 . : Mann 1979, 17583; Isaac 2000, 372418; Whittaker 2004b, 2749; Kagan 2006, 333362; Le Bohec 2001, 223; Perevalov 2010, 301302.
  • 68 . . (Whittaker 2004b, 2728), . .
  • 69Bosworth, 1976, 7374; 1977, 226.
  • 70 (Vesp. VIII. 4), (adsiduos barbarorum incursus), , , . . , , ,   . (Bosworth 1976, 6769). , , , (Bosworth 1977, 220221, 224).
  • 71Bosworth 1976, 7475.
  • 72Rufius Festus Brev. XX. 2; Eutr. VIII. 2. 2: Albanis regem dedit, Hiberos, Bosphorianos, Colchos in fidem Romanae dicionis recepit.
  • 73Bosworth 1976, 7678; 1977, 227.
  • 74Bosworth 1976, 7678.
  • 75Bosworth 1977, 227.
  • 76Bosworth 1976, 78.
  • 77SHA Hadr. XIII. 9: eius invitationem superbe neglexerit.
  • 78 , , (Bosworth 1977, 229).
  • 79Bosworth 1977, 229; Mitford 1974, 163.
  • 80Mitford 1980, 1198; Chaumont 1976, 132.
  • 81Melikishvili 1959, 350351; Chaumont 1976, 133; Braund 1994, 227229; Panov 2008, 270271. , , (Panov 2008, 273).
  • 82Bosworth 1976, 75.
  • 83 (ILS 394; 9117), (. ; Trever 1952, 262263; Fyedorova 1982, 183, 186; Chaumont 1976, 149150).
  • 84Bosworth 1976, 7475.
  • 85 , , 5 2. 3 .
  • 86Schieber 1976.
  • 87Schieber 1976, 89, 95.
  • 88 . . . . , , . , , , - 6  (AE 1951, 263, 75). .
  • 89Schieber 1976, 94, 120124.
  • 90Scheiber 1976, 124125.
  • 91 (AE 1968, 510511), IV I VI (Arakelyan 1960, 115116; Chaumont 1976, 137; Bosworth 1983, 267, n. 12).
  • 92Schieber 1976, 124125.
  • 93Schieber 1976, 94.
  • 94Schieber 1976, 124.
  • 95Schieber 1976, 124.
  • 96Schieber 1976, 125.
  • 97Schieber 1976, 125.
  • 98Schieber 1976, 96.
  • 99Mitford 1980, 11691228, 2018, 562563.
  • 100Mitford 1980, 11921193.
  • 101Mitford 1980, 11931194, n. 57.
  • 102Mitford 1980, 1194.
  • 103. (Mitford 1980, 1193) , 75 . . . .
  • 104 .
  • 105 , , . .
  • 106Mitford 2018, 562.
  • 107Dabrova 1980, 379388.
  • 108Dabrova 1980, 388, n. 67  , . . , , .
  • 109Dabrova 1989, 6776.
  • 110Dabrova 1989, 72.
  • 111Jones 2002.
  • 112Jones 2002, 155157.
  • 113Jones 2002, 155157, 159.
  • 114Jones 2002, 156, 159.
  • 115 . Jones 2002, 158159.
  • 116 . . , .
  • 117Heidenreich 1983, 213214.
  • 118 , 250  , , , .
  • 119 , . . , 1926 , , . (Heidenreich 1983, 214, Nr 5).
  • 120Heidenreich 1983, 214.
  • 121 . . Whittaker 2004b, 28; Kagan 2006, 339340.
  • 122 , 70  , . , AE (1951, 263), (Isaac 2000, 44, n. 169). , .
  • 123Isaac 2000, 4445.
  • 124Isaac 2000, 50, 229.
  • 125Braund 1991a, 422; 1991c, 5051; 1994, 229231.
  • 126Armenia was a cause of hostilities (Isaac 2000, 229).
  • 127 . (Isaac 2000, 43).
  • 128Bais 2001, 8991, n. 369.
  • 129Whittaker 2008, 293319.
  • 130Whittaker 2008, 314315.
  • 131Whittaker 2008, 309.
  • 132Whittaker 2008, 309.
  • 133 . . , , , , (Jones 2002, 159). , , , , , .
  • 134Panov 2008, 179.
  • 135Panov 2008, 180181.
  • 136Panov 2008, 182.
  • 137, . . , - (Panov 2008, 180, . 3; 181, . 4).
  • 138Kudryavtsev 1956, 691.
  • 139Braund 1984, 9495.
  • 140Braund 1991b, 189.
  • 141Braund 1991a, 419423; 1991c, 3452.
  • 142Braund 1991a, 422; 1991c, 5052.
  • 143Braund 1991c, 52.
  • 144Braund 2003, 189190.
  • 145. . 9.
  • 146 , ,   . - , (Millar 2002, 182183, 187; Isaac 2000, 402). , , (. . 133). .
  • 147, , , , ,   orbis terrarum, ( , ). .
  • 1532551008 1569360010 1532551010 1583942167 1587898307 1589468019