Plato’s Academy
Mosaic from Pompeii (Villa of T. Siminius Stephanus).
Second style. Early 1st century BCE.
Inv. No. 124545.Naples, National Archaeological Museum, Hall LIXPhoto by Sergey Sosnovskiy

Plato’s Academy.

Mosaic from Pompeii (Villa of T. Siminius Stephanus).
Second style. Early 1st century BCE.
Inv. No. 124545.

Naples, National Archaeological Museum, Hall LIX
(Napoli, Museo archeologico nazionale, Sala LIX).

Pompeii, Villa of Titus Siminius Stephanus.
From Pompeii, Villa of Titus Siminius Stephanus.

Plato’s academy, mosaic from Pompeii, House of T. Siminius Stephanus.

Many mosaics of this period (II style, early first century B. C.) have a fine frame with an ornate festoon of leaves and fruit and comic masks.

Another good example from Pompeii is the doves mosaic (inv. 114281), but there are also specimens from elsewhere (Teramo). The chosen theme for this mosaic, possibly to underline the literary pretensions of the villa owner who commissioned it, is a group of philosophers characterised by the typical garments associated with Greek orators and philosophers of the classical period. The second and third figures from the left are thought to represent Lysias and Plato respectively, and in the background there is a view of the acropolis of Athens.

The elements surrounding the philosophers, the sacred gateway with vases, the tree and the votive column, are all typical of a mythological landscape.

(сс) 2006. Photo: Sergey Sosnovskiy (CC BY-SA 4.0).
Text: museum inscription to the mosaic.
© 1996. Description: Stefano De Caro, The National Archaeological Museum of Naples. Soprintendenza Archeologica di Napoli e Caserta. Electa, Napoli, 2001, p. 187.
Keywords: μωσαϊκό mosaic mosaics mosaica mosaici mosaik mosaïque ρώμη rome roman roma romano rom römisches romaine πομπηία pompeii pompeian pompei pompeiano pompeji pompeianischen pompejanischen pompéi pompéien απεικόνιση portrait portraiture ritratto ritrattistica porträtmalerei porträt ελληνική φιγούρα greek figures greeks figura greca figure greche greco greci griechische figur figuren grieche griechen grecque grecques grec grecs ρήτορες λυσίας orator lysias oratore lisia orateur πλάτων philosophus plato platon philosopher filosofo platone philosoph philosophe male dress clothes clothing garment abbigliamento maschile herrenbekleidung vêtements pour hommes ανδρικά ρούχα tree albero baum arbre δέντρο volumen rotulus scroll roll rotolo schriftrolle κύλινδρος globus globe globo torrestre weltkugel globen sphère terrestre γήινη σφαίρα frux fruges fruit fruits frutto frutti frucht früchte φρούτο theatrical mask masks maschere maschera teatrale theatermaske theatermasken masques masque de théâtre θεατρική μάσκα columna column colonna kolonne säule colonne κολόνα στύλος cup bowl coppa becher schale coupe vase vaso δοχείο βάζο city defensive wall fortification mura muro protettivo cittadino fortificazione mauer schutzmauer der stadt stadtwehrmauer befestigung ville mur défensif προστατευτικό τοίχο της πόλης οχύρωση academy of accademia di titus siminius stephanus villa viila decor dekor décor horologium solare solarium sundial meridiana orologio sonnenuhr cadran solaire ηλιακό ρολόι sella seat sedile sitz siège κάθισμα acropolis athenarum from the athenian acropoli atene aus akropolis in athen acropole d’athènes ακρόπολη αθηνών porta sacra sacred gateway heiliges tor porte sacrée ιερή πύλη leaf leaves foglio foglie blatt blätter feuille feuilles φύλλο φύλλα ii second style secondo stile zweiter stil deuxième δεύτερο στυλ torre annunziata nunziata inv no 124545