Funerary relief with portraits of the freedmen Publius Licinius Philonicus and Publius Licinius Demetrius
Ca. 30—10 BCE.
68 × 80 cm.
Inv. No. 1954,1214.1.London, British MuseumPhoto by Roger B. Ulrich

Funerary relief with portraits of the freedmen Publius Licinius Philonicus and Publius Licinius Demetrius.

Ca. 30—10 BCE.
68 × 80 cm.
Inv. No. 1954,1214.1.

London, British Museum.

Found at the Villa Muti in the environs of Frascati, Italy. Purchased from Dr Jacob Hirsch in 1954.
The names of the two men (left to right) are P. Licinius Philonic(us) and P. Licinius Demetrius. The two are presumably freedmen. The left border shows the fasces; on the right is a bow and drill, a knife (or socketed chisel?), and an adze-hammer, along with a tanged chisel (without handle). The “pediment” on top shows a hammer, tongs, and an anvil, perhaps the set-up for a minting coins.

CIL XIV 2721, 2722:

P(ublius) Licinius P(ubli) l(ibertus) / Philonicu[s] // P(ublius) Licinius P(ubli) l(ibertus) / Demetrius patrono / fecit […].

Publius Licinius Philonicus, the freedman of Publius; Publius Licinius Demetrius, the freedman of Publius, made [this tombstone] to [his] patron.

Museum description: On the left are the rods and axes used in the ceremony of freeing a slave. In the pediment are the tools of a smith or moneyer, and, on the right, the tools of a carpenter.

© 2010. Photo, text: Roger B. Ulrich.
Keywords: epigraphia epigraphy inscription iscrizione epigrafia epigraphik epigrafik inschrift épigraphie roman romano romana romani römisch römische romaine gravestone funerary inscriptions epitaph in pietra tombale epitaffio grabstein-inschrift de pierre épitaphe απεικόνιση portrait portraiture ritratto ritrattistica porträtmalerei porträt of a man male maschile uomo männliches mann masculin un homme porträtbüste relief reliefs rilievo sollievo porträtrelief römisches romain γλυπτική sculptura sculpture sculptural scultura skulptur ρωμαϊκό römischen römischer romains romaines κηδεία funeral funeraria funerario begräbnisskulptur beerdigung funéraire tombstone lapide monumento sepolcrale grabstein ανακούφιση marble marmo marmor marbre μάρμαρο anvil incudine amboß enclume freedman freedmen publius licinius philonicus demetrius parastas anta antae lictor fasces pediment bench tool joiner instrument hand hand-held manual tools instrumentum sculptor bow and drill knife socketed chisel adze-hammer tanged hammer tongs set-up for minting coins cil xiv 14 2721 2722 publi libertus patrono fecit inv no 1954 1214 1