Garland sarcophagus
Dokimeion marble.
150—180 CE.
H. 83.5, W. 143.35, D. 69.85 cm.
Inv. No. 23.29.Baltimore, Walters Art Museum

Garland sarcophagus.

Dokimeion marble.
150—180 CE.
H. 83.5, W. 143.35, D. 69.85 cm.
Inv. No. 23.29.

Baltimore, Walters Art Museum.

Excavated from the so-called Licinian tomb, via Piave, Rome, 1885;
Clemente Maraini, 1885, by excavation;
Don Marcello Massarenti, Rome, by 1897, by purchase;
Henry Walters, Baltimore, 1902, by purchase;
Walters Art Museum, 1931, by bequest.
Unlike many sarcophagi, this one is carved on all four sides in high relief. Garlands held by winged goddesses or personifications on the corners and Eros (Cupid) figures on the sides support the busts of a crowned deity (left) and a young girl (right). The sarcophagus was probably intended for her. In the center, on both the front and back, is a theatrical mask — on this side Tragedy, on the other, Comedy. Medusa heads decorate the ends. The lid takes the form of a temple roof with a pediment (triangular gable) at each end. This sarcophagus can be traced to a particular workshop active near the ancient quarry of Dokimeion in Phrygia in Asia Minor. Its discovery in Rome illustrates the long-distance trade in even very large, heavy luxury goods that took place at the height of the Roman Empire.
Keywords: γλυπτική sculptura sculpture sculptural scultura skulptur ρωμαϊκό roman romana romano romani römisch römische römisches römischen römischer romain romaine romains romaines asia minor κηδεία funeral funerary funeraria funerario begräbnisskulptur beerdigung funéraire ανακούφιση relief rilievo ελληνική μυθολογία mythologia graeca greek mythology mitologia greca griechische mythologie grecque ρωμαϊκή ἔρως έρως eros éros amor cupid amore cupido amour μέδουσα medousa medusa méduse σαρκοφάγος σαρκοφάγους sarcophagus sarcophagi sarcofago sarcofagi sarkophag sarkophage sarcophage sarcophages απεικόνιση portrait portraiture ritratto ritrattistica porträtmalerei porträt of a woman female femminile donna weibliches frau de femme reliefs sollievo porträtrelief garland con ghirlande ghirlanda girlandensarkophag guirlande band ribbon fillet tenia tänie binden tænia ténia taenia tainia ταινία globe globo torrestre weltkugel globen sphère terrestre globus γήινη σφαίρα winged alato geflügelt ailé alatus alata φτερωτό theatrical mask masks maschere maschera teatrale theatermaske theatermasken masques masque théâtre θεατρική μάσκα geflügelte ailée φτερωτή beads collana perlen collier χάντρες pediment frontone timpano giebeldreieck fronton αέτωμα acroterion acroterio akroterion acrotère acroterium akroteria antefix antefissa stirnziegel antéfixe holding garlands ghirlandoforo ghirlandofori lid coperchio del sarkophagdeckel couverture couvercle from the licinian tomb licinii von aus dem liciniergrab cimasa cimacio cima kyma cimaise cimatium figure figura weibliche figur féminine tragedy di tragedia tragödienmaske tragédie dokimeion marble marmo marmor marbre μάρμαρο gable roof tetto capanna satteldach toit à pignon inv no 23.29