The Ganymede jewelry: two pairs of gold fibulae of Macedonian type
Gold, rock crystal.
Ca. 330—300 BCE.
H. 3.8 cm, W. 5.0 cm; weight 16.5, 17.0, 17.3, 16.5 g.
Inv. No. 37.11.13—16.New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Ganymede jewelry: two pairs of gold fibulae of Macedonian type.

Gold, rock crystal.
Ca. 330—300 BCE.
H. 3.8 cm, W. 5.0 cm; weight 16.5, 17.0, 17.3, 16.5 g.
Inv. No. 37.11.13—16.

New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Private collection, Germany.
Private collection, Greece.
Said to be from near Thessaloniki (Richter 1937, p. 292).
Around 1913, collection of M. Ritsos;
1913 — purchased by F. L. von Gans from M. Ritsos, Thessaloniki, Greece;
1919 — purchased by Kurt W. Bachstitz from von Gans, Frankfurt, Germany;
1937 — purchased by Metropolitan Museum (Harris Brisbane Dick Fund) from Bachstitz, New York.
Such fibulae (pins), which belong to a northern Greek type characterized by “paddle wheel” decoration, were normally worn in sets of six. Two more matching fibulae have been identified, one in Berlin and one in the Gans collection. Each hinge plate is decorated with the head of a woman wearing a lion skin–all produced with the same die. She can be identified as either Omphale, the queen of Lydia wearing Herakles’ lion skin, or Artemis, the goddess of the hunt.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1937. “The Ganymede Jewelry”. Bulletin of the Metropolian Museum of Art, 32 (12): pp. 290—294, figs. 1, 3, 6.
Grancsay, Stephen V. 1940. “The Art of the Jeweler: A Special Exhibition”. Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 35 (11): p. 216.
von Bothmer, Dietrich and Joan R. Mertens. 1982. The Search for Alexander: Supplement to the Catalogue. nos. S6—S9, pp. 4—5, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Williams, Dyfri and Jack Ogden. 1994. Greek Gold: Jewelry of the Classical World. no. 33, pp. 78—79, New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome. no. 197, pp. 170, 440, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
© 1995. Photo, text: Д. Уильямс, Дж. Огден. Греческое золото. Ювелирное искусство классической эпохи. V—IV века до н. э. Каталог выставки. АО «Славия», СПб, 1995. С. 78—79, кат. № 33.
(cc) 2021. Description: The Metropolitan Museum of Art (CC0 1.0).
Keywords: ελληνική μυθολογία mythologia graeca greek mythology mitologia greca griechische mythologie grecque ἄρτεμις dea artemis goddess artemide göttin déesse artémis γρύφων γρύπων gryphon grypon gryphus griffin griffon grifone grifoni greif greife grype ὀμφάλη ομφάλη omphale queen regina onfale omfale königin reine κόσμημα adornments abbellimento verzierungen bijou ελληνικό greco fibula fastener clasp brooch fibbia spilla fibel schließe fibule equus equi horse horses cavallo cavalli pferd pferde cheval chevaux ίππος άλογα gold golden d’oro goldene goldener d’or d’ors χρυσός χρυσή χρυσό χρυσαφένιος χρυσαφένια χρυσαφένιο lion skin pelle di leone löwenhaut haut peau du δέρμα λιονταριού protome protomé προτομή thessalonica from thessaloniki da salonicco aus saloniki de thessalonique θεσσαλονίκη σαλονίκη twisted wire filo intrecciato verdrillter draht fil torsadé paddle wheel wheels ruote a pale schaufelräder roues à aubes smooth beaded the ganymede jewelry two pairs of fibulae macedonian type inv no 37 11 13 16 14 15