| | |

.
-

.1


. , , . , 1433 , , () , 15611562 . 1. 1805 2. , XIX XX 3.

1954 , , . , , , . , , , (p. 250279), , , . - , , , : .

, , , , .  2 , , ;  1011 , , , . : , vir illustris et magnificus ( 1819), (45B 11VI 2), (1415) (20). , : numerus, , ( 8, 23)4. , , , , . .2 , . , / , - /. , , .

, , , , , , . , , . , , , , ୸ - . , : 445 , 700 5.

, VIII IX , . V VIII , , . , , , , 6. . - , , , 7.

, , , , , . . , .3 8. , , - , . , , , The Rise of Dependent Cultivation:

, , , , , , . , 9.

, , , 1940- 1950- . , (2016) [1] ; 10. , : 1) , gens regnum; 2) , ; 3) , ; 4) ; , , 5) 11. , .

, , . , 445 700 . .., . , , , , , . , .4 , , .

, , . , : , , , , , . , , , . , , ; , , , , . , , , : - ?

. , ,  , , , , . , , , , , . , , . - , , , , , .

, , , , . , , , . , , , . , , .5 . , , , , .

- . , , . , , ( , , , , coloni)12. , , . , , , , . , fundi, (, , ) , .

: , , , . , , , , . , , . , , , . , , , , , .


.6 1. : fundi, massae,


, . - , , , 13.

. : , , , , , . , , , , , , , , 14. , , . , ; , (, curia); , , , 15.

, , , . , , () . , , , .7 . , 16.

, , , , . , , , 17. , , , , , , .

, , , , , , 18. . , , , , . -, VI, VII VIII , ; , 19. , .

. , , , . , , , , , V , , 20.

.8 , , ; . , , , . . , , , , , , 21. , . , , , , . , , ? ? , , , . , , , (zoom-in), . (zoom-in), . , , .

, , . , , . , . , , , . . , , , .

, . -, , , , - . , . .9 , , . . , : ? , , , . , : , . , .

(. 1), , : , . , , . , , , . , , . : . .


1.1. Fundi, massae, :


fundi massae , , ; , . Fundi, -, , , , : Fundus Cornelanius[2] 22. , . , , . , , , , , . , , , - : , - 23.

.10 Fundus . , , , . , , , , , . , , ; fundi , , , 24.

, fundi, , , , , , , massa25. Massae, fundi, . , massae fundi . , massae 26. , , , ; 츭 . , massa P. Ital. 17 (Signia), , 31 fundus, . , - ; , fundi , , -, 27.

Massae, -, , , , fundi, , , , . 533 , P. Ital. 13, , (Felithanc) (Ranilo) ( (Felithan) (Runilo)) massae: , . , vir illustrius (Pierius) 690 , ( ) massa Pyramitana . fundi ( .11 650 , 690), fundus Aemilianus, fundus Dubli fundus Putaxiae massa Pyramitana28.

Massae fundi , , , . , casale casa: P. Ital. 17 Casa Porcinare, Casa Viti, Casa Lari, Casa Basili, Casa Gini Tris Casas, P. Ital. 35 Casale Basianum. , casa (Tris Casas), - domusculta; domusculta , casales . , , , coloni29. fundus P. Ital. 31, : Centum Viginti Quinque, . , ( , , fundus, , 40 ), , 30. massae : Pyramitana, , massae P. Ital. 1011, 31. , , , , . , : P. Ital. 3 fundus Saltus Erudianus 32.

, , , , -, , ( ), massae, , 33. , ( ) fundi, .12 fundi, massae, , P. Ital. 1011 17. , : 34.

, , : , , . (P. Ital. 17 , , P. Ital. 21, , ), Liber Censuum Romanæ Ecclesiæ, , Porta Flaminia I, , I 108 , massa, 10 fundi35. , , , , , , , 36. , ( , ) .

. 3, , , , (, , , , ) , , , -, . X XI . incastellamento[5], 37.

, , , : Codex traditionum Ecclesiae Ravennatis , , IX magister militum (Iesi, Aesis), , , ; (Maurice), magister militum 769 , , sors, fundi, casale ; , .13 ( ); ; 670 casalia (Cesena), , . VI 38.

, , , . , . , . , ; , , ( ) 39. , , : , , . . , , , , , .

, . , , , , , IX 40. , , , , ; , , 41. , . , . , , 42. res privata , , [6] , .14 , . . , . IV , , [73] , ( P. Ital. 1011[74]), [75], : , , , , [7] 43. V . , , , , 44. , , , , , ; , - , , , 45.

, , . , , . , P. Ital. 13, Greg. Ep. XIV. 14, , , , , [8], , , , , . , Codex Theodorici , , , .

, , 46. , , , 47. , , , , , , . , , .15 , , , .

, , , , . , , , , , - . , , : P. Ital. 12 , , P. Ital. 49 , . , , .


1.2. :


- . ? ? ? ? (, , ..) , . , , , . , , , .

, , fundus massa, , . Fundus massa , . , fundi , , ( ) . , . , , fundus , , fundus. , massae, fundi . , , fundus massa .

Fundus massa . , fundus . , , .16 fundus massa: , . , fundus . , , , fundi, , : . , fundus , , fundi, , , fundi 48.

: fundi, , , , , , . , , , 49. , : , .. .

: , , 50. , . , . , , . , - . , 51. -, , , , , , 52. , , , .

, , . -, .17 . . , , , [10]. , , .

, . , , . , , 53. , . 54. , , , 55. , ́ , , 56.

, , , , , 57. , , 58, , . , , , , 59. 2015 , , , , . (. . 1) , - . . . .18 . / 60. , , , , , . . , , , , , , . , , , , , , 61.


1. , ,


1: (: ) 6%
100/6
: 510 ➝ 1,673,33 ./.
2: (: )
➝ 1,92 ./.
3: (: , )

, =
➝ 1,673,33 ./.
4: (: )
: , ,
(. 45 ./.) ➝ 2,2 ./.

. VI . , P. Ital. 30, (Thulgilo), (Domnica) (Deutherius)[76] , , 110 . , P. Ital. 31, , , (Domnicus), ୸ , fundi , 40 . , 1 (40/7) ≈ 5,714 , 1 (110/20) ≈ 5,5 ( ). , , iugera , iugera , : .19 , , , (. 1).

: ? , , , . 5,714, , : , VI , 62. , , , VII VIII . 2015 , , 7,9 ; , . , () , 63. , 5 , . , , . 64. , (1,673,33 ), , 65. , , , ; , P. Ital. 30. fundus massa 2 3.


2.

P. Ital.
fundus/massa
(
)


( )
22
Terriaticus
36
≈ 7,2
.20
31
Domicilius
≈ 20
≈ 3,566
31
CentumViginti quinque
≈ 20
≈ 3,5
32
Roborata
51/3
≈ 1,07
33
Domitianus
20
≈ 4
34
120
≈ 24
34
60
≈ 12
35
Custinis
≈ 5
≈ 1
35
Casale Basianum
≈ 5
≈ 1
36
Genicianus
24
≈ 4,18
37
Genicianus
24
≈ 4,18
42
≈ 10
≈ 2
43
Raunis
130
≈ 26
46
30
≈ 6

3.

P. Ital.
fundus/massa
( )


( )
1
Enporitana
756
≈ 137,45
1
Anniana Myrtus
222
≈ 40,36
1
Apera
52
≈ 9,45
1
Callius
200
≈ 36,36
1
Fadilianensis
445
≈ 80,91
1
Cassitana
500
≈ 90,91
3
Saltus Erudianus
≈ 3
≈ 0,55
3
≈ 4
≈ 0,73
3
Noviciana
≈ 3
≈ 0,55
.21
3
Noviciana
≈ 3
≈ 0,55
3
Simpliciaca
Candidiana
≈ 4
≈ 0,73
3
Valeriaca
≈ 4
≈ 0,73
3
Severiaca
≈ 5
≈ 0,91
3
Micauri
≈ 6
≈ 1,09
3
Pampiliana
≈ 3
≈ 0,55
1011
Pyramitana
450
≈ 81,82
1011
Melita
200
≈ 36,36
1011
Aemilianus
18
≈ 3,27
1011
Budius
≈ 15
≈ 2,73
1011
Potaxia
7
≈ 1,27
13
Firmidiana
100
≈ 18,18
30
Concordiacus
110
20

1.3. :


, , . , , 2 3, . , , .

, , V, VI VII , , 20 . , , iugera (. 4). , massae , fundi. , , , . 4, , , .22 . , , . , 67. , , , 68.


4.
( iugera)
P. Ital.
19,9
24
1019,9
2
2049,9
6
5099,9
3
> 100
1

, . , 69. , , , . 70. , , .

, , , . , , . , , iugera ́ , , 20 . , 20 71. , -, , ( 1 3 !), ; , .23 . , , , .

, , , , , , , -72. , , 73. : -, , , , - ; -, , 74.

, , , . : , , 75. , , 76. , , , .

, , , , , , . , , . , , . , , , , , fundi massae77. , .24 , 78. , , , 79. , .

, , . , , , , , . , , 80. , , , , , , , 81. , -, , , , 82. , , , , , , , .


1.4.


. , : , ? , . , , , ? ?

, . , , , ? .25 , ? III VII .., , 83. . III ( IV) ( , ) , 84.

, IX, X . , , , - . , , , 85. . , , , . .

, , , , , . , , , , V VIII .

, , . VI , , . , , , , 86. , , , 87. , , 88.

.26 , . , , , ( pronoetes). , -, epoikia, , - . . , , , , , . , 89. P. Oxy. 3804 , epoikia90. , , 91. apo tou autou ktemtos, , epoikion ktema 92. , 93.

, , , epoikia ktema fundi massae, . , P. Ital. 2 3 , , , , . , , . , 94. , , , -, , ; , 95. , , georgoi, , , , , , . , .27 96.

. V . , , villulae, -, servi97. , P. Ital. 3. , , servi , - coloni, P. Ital. 3. , , - , , P. Ital. 3, , coloni98. , , - ୸ .

, , . , V De Gubernatione Dei . , , coloni99. , , , , P. Ital. 3, , - , , - 100.

, VIII , , - , . , , , , . , , , 101. , , , , , . 762 , (Peredeus), -, , (Sunderad). . .28 . , , , . , , , , , 102.

, , , , -, , . , , , , , , . , (Dienheim, Bensheim, Bürstadt, Oppenheim Menzingen), ; , 103. , , -; , , . , , , -, , servi mancipia, , -, , IX 104. , , , , , 105.

, , , . , . , , , , . , , . .29 , , ; .. .


1.5.


, , , . , , :

1. , , , . fundi, massa.

2. , , , , , , , , , , . , , . , , .

3. , ୸ , 20 , . , , 100 , 150 .

4. , , . , , .

, ( ) , , , , , 106. , , , . , , . , , , , , , , , ( ) .


.30 2. : P. Ital.


, . , , , , . , , , , , , , 107.

? -, , . , , , , , , , . , , . : , ? ? ? -, , , , , , . -, , , . , , . , .31 . , , , .

, . , . , , 108. , , III VII .; . , , (zoom-in) , , 109. , -, .

? , , , , , , , , , . , - . , , . , , , . , , . , , , , , , ( ) .

, , . , , , () . , , , . , , .32 , . , , , . , , P. Ital.

, . . , (II, III IV .) (IX, X XI .), , , . , - . , , , , . -, , , -, . -, ; P. Ital. 3, , , . [12] . , , ? , . , .

, ( ) , 110. , , , , . , . , , [33] , , , , , .


2.1. -


? , , , - . , . : , , - . , . - , , , , , 111.

, . -, , , , , , . , , . , . , , , . -, , , ( , ) , , , . , , , , , .

, , (, , .34 (. 2.4. : P. Ital. 3). P. Ital. 1 , patrimonium maior cubiculi (Lauricius); P. Ital. 2 ୸ (Titianus), , (Agnellus), ; P. Ital. 3 , allectori; P. Ital. 6 (Manna), ; P. Ital. 8 (Guderit), , , (Collictus), , , ; P. Ital. 20 (Sisivera) (Theudifara) , ; P. Ital. 35 (Domninus), vir honestus agellario, ୸ vir clarissimus (Deusdedit)112. , possessor, colonus negotiator, 113.

, , , , P. Ital. 43, 44 49; , . P. Ital. 43 (Waduulfus) (Riccifrida), fundus 114. , , , , ( ) . , , . - , , , . P. Ital. 44 49 , , , .

- - . . . , , .35 115. , 1, , , , . , . , 116.

. , VI . , , , , . 117. ୸ . colonus , . , ; colonus , 118. , , , , , , VI , 119.

. , , coloni, , , , , . VI , ; , , , coloni 120.

.36 . -, , , coloni . , 29 , 30, , , 30 , . , , , ; P. Ital. 6, 8, 20, (P. Ital. 1, 2, 3, 43, 44, 49) 121. , ; , P. Ital. 1 (Eleutherio) (Zosimus), -, (Lauricius). , P. Ital. 1 (Sisinnius), (Tranquillus), (Gregorius), (Cuprio), (Eubudus) (Titianus) . P. Ital. 6 20122.

-, , -, . , ( ) ( ) 123. , -, 124. . , 125. , , , 126. , , , , , , 127. , IX X . colonus casa .37 colonaria ; - , 128.

. , , , , -. . , , , , , , , , , , . , VII , - ; , 129. , . , , .

, , ; 130. , , , - , , , , de facto , . 131. , , -, , : , , .

, . 1, , , , , .38 , , . , , , , , . , , , , , . , , -, , , , .


2.2. : ,


, , , , , , . , , - . , , , , ; , , , , . , , , , , .  : , , , , , , , , , . .

, , . P. Ital. 33 (Isacius) , (, ), Fundus Domitianus. P. Ital. 1415 (Bonus) (Martyria), , . , , 132. P. Ital. 25 .39 (Martinus), , ; , , . P. Ital. 29 (Basilius), . P. Ital. 3841 (Theodorus) 133. , P. Ital. 43 ୸ (Leo), ( , , ), (Riccifrida) (Waduulfus). , , (, ), , 134.

, -, , , , , , . , , , . , , , 135.

VI , 550800 . . , : 550 604 . , (Iannes), 604 751 . , (Martinus)136. . , VI negotiatores 604 751 .137

.40 , , , , , : 18 552 604 . 150 138. , , : 552 604 . 45 605 751 .139

୸ -. 450 700 . : (Flavius Basilius) P. Ital. 29 (Theodorus) P. Ital. 3841. , VI , , , . , . . . , 140.

, , . , , , , , VI , 141. VI , , .41 ; X , P. Ital. 142.

VI honesti (, , , ) 143. - , , , , , . VIII , : , , , 144. , IX honesti , , , 145. , , , , lexercitus représente la classe moyenne des petits propriétaires[17]146. milites possessores , praebitio tironum, 147.

, , , , , , . , , , , , 츭 148. , , VI possessores, , , .42 149. : , , 25 %150. , Codex traditionum Ecclesiae Ravennatis, : , 692 769 ., (27,3 %)151. , 152.


2.3. : -


, -, . , . : P. Ital. 3 (Maximus) , Saltus Erudianus, allectori (, ); P. Ital. 1011 (Pierius), , ( 1); P. Ital. 16 (Johannes), (Georgius) (spatario quondam Georgii magristro militum) (primicerii numerii felicum Theodosiacus), ; P. Ital. 17 (Flavia Xantippe), (Megistus), , , (Megisti imperialis a secretis); P. Ital. 21 (Deusdedit) , magister militum, ; P. Ital. 22 (Paulacis), (Paulacine viro devote, milite numeri Arminiorum) (Stefanus), (Stefani primicerii numeri Veronensium), ; P. Ital. 23 (Johannes), (Prim. Num. Rav.), (Stefania) ; P. Ital. 31 (Montanus), .43 (notari sacri vestearii domini nostri) fundi, (Domnicus); P. Ital. 32 (Laurentius) , (Milanus) (Gerontius); P. Ital. 35 (Deusdedit), (Palatino Sacrarum largitiorum), (Domninus) ; P. Ital. 36 ୸ (Hildigernus), ; P. Ital. 37 (Iohannis) , fundi, (Genecianus), (Rusticiana) (Tzitta), Persoarminiorum ( ). (P. Ital. 9, 13), , , , 153.

: VI 154. , , , , , , 155. , 156. , , , 157.

, . : , VI, VII VIII ., , .44 , , exercitus . possessores. , 158. , , 159.

P. Ital. , , , . - ; , P. Ital. 16 fori loci militiaeque perscribtione praescriptio fori, - .

, . , , , . , -, (, , ) , : , , 160. , ; , , , , 161.

, , , , . hospitalitas, , 162. , , , , 163. .45 V , , , , hospites 164. , metata165. , - ; .

, possessores . , 166. , , , , VI . , , VII : , , , . , : , , , possessor , . , , : , . : , possessores , , 167.


2.4. :
P. Ital. 3


. : 츭 , . , , P. Ital. 45, 6, 8, 9, 13, 1415, 17 21. , P. Ital. 6 .46 , : , (Nanderit) (Manna),  [78], , (Albanio), 168. , , , P. Ital. 13169. , , , , . ? - ? , ?

, , , , , , 170. , 599 , , , , , VI, VII VIII .171 ( ), , 172.

, , , , , , . ; I . , . Patricia , spectabilis , patricius , praetor 173. , , , excubitor defensor 174. , .47 175. , 176. , , formulae, , 177.

, , coloni178. . 592 179. , , , , 180. VIII I . . , (diaconiae)181. , , , 182.

? -, , : . , , , - . -, , VIII 183. -, : . , . , , , . , . , . .48 , , , , 184. , , , : VI , . VI , , , 185.

, , , P. Ital. 3, . , , . , , , , , - -186. , , . , , , , , . , , . , xenia (, -, , , , , , , ..), operae, , per ebdomada[22], .

, P. Ital. 3 , , . , , 730 . , , V 730- . . , , , 187. , , , P. Ital. 3, V, VI VII ., . .49 , , , , , , 188. , . , .

, , P. Ital. 3 , . , -, , (coloni), coloniae . , , , , . . , . P. Ital. 3 : , , .

P. Ital. 3 , , -189. , , : ( ) - , 190. , . , VIII servi mancipia, , 191. , , , . , , , , , . P. Ital. .50 3 ; , , , , , .


2.5. : ,


, , , , . (Wiliaric) 551 , , , Codex Argenteus192. 븭 , (Ranilo) 553 , 100 193. (Manna), , , 575 , 194. (Gunderit) 572 , 195. , . , clarissimus (Holdigern), VI 196. , 557 , -honestus (Gundirit), 197. 600 (Sisivera) , , , 198. (Gudirit), 564 , (Hildigernus), , 199.

, . , , , .51 : P. Ital. 13 (Ademunt), , 553 , (Andreas)200. , , . , . , P. Dip. , : (Minnulo) (Christodorus); , 570 , spectabilis (Gundeberga), (Nonnica); 539 (Latinus) (!); 551 , (Wilienanc) (Igila), (Minnulus) (Danihel)201. , , , , .

, , , , , . , , ; 540 : P. Ital. 49 (Gundila), 530 202. , , 554 ( ) , , , , 203.

. , , : (Anuald) , 715 731 . , chartularius, 723 ; (Toto), , 767 , , .52 , ; , 744 769 ., , (Guntarius) , , numerus 204.

, , , : 324 1511 , , , (112 411)205. , , , , , 206. , , , , , 207.

, , , 208. , , ( ) . VI , , X 209. , ; , Magna Graecia . , , , VII 210. Passio Sancti Apollinaris VII , , , . , .53 , , 211. , , , VII , . , ; . , ( ), , VII VIII , 212.

, , , . VII , VIII imperialis a secretis (Megistus); , 213. . , , , 214. VI , 639 , , ; , , - , , 215.

, , . , 584 ( ) 16% 14%, 7% 43%. .54 , , : , , . IV VI .; , . , . , 216. , ; , -, , , , , 217.


2.6.


, , , - : , - . : , , .

, - . : . , , . P. Ital. , , ; , , . ,  . , , , . , , -. . , .55 , 218. , , , , , .

. , , . , , , VI . , . , , , , ; , , . , () .

- , , . , , , . , , , , . , . , possessores; , , , . , -, - .

, . , . , , . , , : 1) ; , , ; 2) - ; ; 3) , . , , . P. Ital. 3: coloni, . - , , , .

.56 , ( ) . , -, . , . - , , ; , .


.57 3. : -,


. , , . , , : , , , , 219. - , , , , 220. . summum[23] 221. , , .

, , , . , , ? , , . , , , , 222. , , .

, , . , : , , . - . , .58 , . , , 223. , , 224. : , , , , , , , , 225. , : , .

, . , . , ( )226. 227. , , , . ? , , , . , , .

, , , 228. , - 229. , 츭, .

, , . , 1 2 , . , : 1) ; 2) ; 3) .59 ; 4) ; 5) , 230. , , , , .

, ( ) , . , , , , , , .. , , 231. , , , - 232.


3.1. ,


, , 233, . , , , 234. ? : . , -, -, . , , ( X XI .) 235.

, , , 츭 . .60 , P. Ital. 45, 6 7 - . , P. Ital. 46, , , , , - . P. Ital. 45, 6 7.

P. Ital. 45 defensores, (Thomas) (Cyprianus), , , , . , , , , 236. , , . , 237. , , , .

P. Ital. 6 , 1 575 , (Manna), (Nanderit)238. , , , 239. , (Albanio) ; , 240. , . , . vir devotus[79], , , - . , , , , , , , 241. , , - 242. , - , .61 , .

P. Ital. 7 557 , -, . (Gundihild) (inlustris femina) tutor , (Lendarit) (Landarit), , (Adiud) (inlustris vir), (Rosemud) (vir magnificus) (Gundirit) (vir magnificus). (Gudahals) (vir inlustris) , , , . ; , , . , , , gesta243. , (Flavianus), (fideiussor) (Liberatus), , ; 244. (tutor) , , : - 557 565 . . : fiscales , 245.

, , . P. Ital. 7 , VI : , 246. P. Ital. 45 6 : , - 247. , P. Ital 45 .62 , . , , , , 248. , , , , , , ୸ , 249.

, P. Ital. 6 , . , , 250. , , ( defensor) . . , : , . , , , , , 251.

- . , 252. . , 253. . , . ( ), , 254. , , , : , , , .

, 255. 256. . .63 P. Ital. 45 6 : -, , . , - , . , . , , , , , 257.

. , , , . . , , , P. Ital. ( ), , 258.

? P. Ital. 7 , . , . ?

, , , . , 259. , clarissima, vir illustrious[34] spectabilis, , honesta femina vir devotus[35]260. , , : P. Ital. 7 , , , -, ; P. Ital. 8 (Germana), (Collictus), (Gratianus); .64 P. Ital. 12 , (Maria) , ; P. Ital. 17 (Flavia Xantippe), , -, , ; P. Ital. 28 , (Wililiwa) ୸ . , : P. Ital. 13 (Ranilo), , 261.

, : P. Ital. 1415 (Martyria), ; P. Ital. 23 , , (Johannia)[40], , ; P. Ital. 25 , , , ; P. Ital. 30 , (Thulgilo) (Domnica), , (Deutherius); P. Ital. 37 (Rusticiana), , ୸ (Tzitta); , P. Ital. 43 (Riccifrida) (Waduulfus) , .

, . . , , -, . , -. 262. , 263. , , , , . , , 264.

.65 , , 13 59 ( 1  5) , , . , , . . , , , , , 265. , , , , , , 266. -, , , , , , , 267.


3.2. -


- (emptiovenditio) , , , , , , ; , 268.

, , : P. Ital. 29 (Flavius Basilius) ୸ (Rusticus), , , ; P. Ital. 30 (Thulgilo) (Domnica) (Pelegrinus), [41] (Deutherius); P. Ital. 31 (Domnicus) ୸ (Montanus), gesta , , ; P. Ital. 32 (, , ) (Milanius) (Gerontius) (Laurentius), ୸ , .66 , , ; P. Ital. 33 (Minnulus) ୸ (Isacius), , , , ; P. Ital. 34 ୸ ϸ (Petrus), , , , ; P. Ital. 35 (Domninus) ୸ (Deusdedit), , , , ; P. Ital. 36 ୸ (Hildigernus) , 14 , , - ; P. Ital. 37 (Rusticiana) ୸ (Iohannis), , , (Tzitta), . P. Ital. 3841 AD 42, -, , , - .

, [42] . , , , actio venditi, , , , actio empti269. , P. Ital. 43. , , (Waduulfus) (Riccifrida), (Leo), beneficiarii expulsi pro certis laboribus expensisque propriis , , , , , , , 270.

, , , . , , . . , -, ; .67 - , stipulatio duplae, P. Ital. 30, 31, 34, 35, 36 37271. , mancipatio in iure cessio, res mancipi, , , , usucapio, 272. , , , 273.

, , , , VI . P. Ital. 30, (P. Ital. 7), -, . , , (Thulgilo) (vir strenuus) (Pelegrinus) 110 ; , , , 274. , diploma vacuole nummus vir strenuus (Serapio), .68 (libripens), vir strenuus (Opilio), 275. P. Ital. 33 , , , (ad munimen dominii mei); 276. , , .


3.3. ,


, , . , (P. Ital. 12, 13, 1415 AB, 16, 17, 1819 AB, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28), (P. Ital. 25 44) (P. Ital. 1011 AB). ; P. Ital. 1011, , 1277.

. , : , ; , , , , , . P. Ital. 25 44. P. Ital. 25 (Octavianus) (Martinus) (Aurelia). 6/12 , , , , Erbzinspacht (pacti conventionis donationisque chartula), , ୸ .69 278. , , , , , , . , , , ; , , , . , , . , , , . , ; , 279. P. Ital. 44, , , P. Ital. 25; notarius (Paulus), (Maurus), . (Theodorus Calliopa), (Anna) : 6/12 , 4/12 6/12 280. , (solidi), , , 281. , , , (Apollinaris)[77]282. , , , .

-, , , . : P. Ital. 12 (Maria), femina spectabilis ; P. Ital. 13 (Ranilo) (Felithanc), , sublimis femina vir sublimis, ; P. Ital. 1415 AB (Bonus) (Martyria), vir honestus vir femina[63], .70 ; P. Ital. 16 , Numerus (spatario); P. Ital. 17 (Flavia Xantippe), feminia gloriosissima, (Megistis imperialis a secretis); P. Ital. 1819 AB (Stefanus), vir illustrius magnificus; P. Ital. 21 (Deusdedit), vir reverendus , , ; P. Ital. 23 (Johannes), vir clarissimus, numerus (Prim. Num. Rav.), P. Ital. 28 (Wililiwa), clarissima femina.

P. Ital. 20 22 , , (Sisivera), , (Paulacis), . , , 283. (Goderisius) , , , , , . 791 , . : , ; , , , 284. , , .

-, VI IX . , - , 285. , ( ) (Gaudosius) (P. Ital. 24) VII hortus in integro, (pergola) 286.

-, , ୸ , VI , . .71 (P. Ital. 13), (6/12 massae), 287. , VII , 288.

-, , , , ; , , (P. Ital. 12), . , , , , , , , . (P. Ital. 20), , , , (patrona), (Theudifara).

. . , , . 289. P. Ital. 16 (Iohannes), primicerius numeri felicum Theodosiacus, , : 290. , , , , 291.

, , , . 491 , (490493 .), defensores epistula donationis, (, ) . epistula , , , (eam allegare), , 292. .72 : , (, , ). defensores , , (licentia allegandi), . , 540 , , , , 293. , , . . , , , , 294.


3.4.


, . . P. Ital. 45, 6 7 , V, VI VII . . , . , , , . . , , . - . , : .

, . : , , . , .73 , 295. , . , , , - VI .

, . , , . , , , , , , . , , , , - , . , , 296.

, , . : , , , 297. , , , : . , , .

, , , (P. Ital. 7, 12, 30 33), , , , . , , . , . , , , 557565 .298 , , , , , , , , (tabelliones/forenses). .74 ( schola forensium)299.

- : ? , , , . , . . , , , . , -, , .

, , , , . P. Ital. 12[70], . , , : , , , , . , 557 ( gesta): ( , ), 530- ., . , , ( 540550 .) , , 300. , . , , Variae, , . 301. , , , , - 302. , P. Ital. 12[71] 49 , , .

, , , , . , , , .75 . , . , , , , . , , , , - . , , .


.76 4.


, , : - ? , .

, , . , , fundi massae. fundi massa, , , , , , . , , , . , , -, , . , , . : , . , , , , . , , , , -, , , . , , , , , . , : , , , . , , , . , , .

.77 , . , , , . , . , -, . , , - , -, : coloni , , . , , . - , (, ), - . , . , , , : , , . , , , VII . , , - . ( , ). , . - V , - . , , V, VI VII ., , (, , ). , . , . , , , , . , , , . , , , : , , , , . , , .78 , . , , P. Ital. 3, , . ,  .

, : , - . , , , , , . , -, . , . , , , , . , , . , , , , . , -, : , , . , , , , , . , . , , , . , -, . , , ( ) .

, , . , . , , , . , , . , .79 ( ), , -, .

, . , , , , . , . ୸ , : . , , , , . , , . , , . , , , : , , , , , . , , , , .

? , -, , , . - fundi massae; , solidi; , , - coloni, , , servi; possessores, negotiatores; allectori, iugera; -, actio venditi actio empti. , .

, , . . , , . , , . , , , . , , .80 . , , , -, , . , , , : , .


.80 1


(, ) ( ) fundus massa (adfines)
P. Ital. 1 . 445. 446 Tranquillus Partilaticus
P. Ital. 1 . 445. 446 Zosimus, Cuprio Enporitana 756
P. Ital. 1 . 445. 446 () Zosimus, Cuprio Anniana Myrtus 147+75
P. Ital. 1 . 445. 446 Zosimus, Cuprio Apera 52
P. Ital. 1 . 445. 446 Sisinnius Callius 200
P. Ital. 1 . 445. 446 Sisinnius Fadilianensis 445
P. Ital. 1 . 445. 446 Eleutherio, Zosimus, Eubudus Cassitana 500
P. Ital. 8 17 564 Gratianus Gunderit Savilianus 2/12
P. Ital. 8 17 564 Gratianus Petronianus 2/12
P. Ital. 8 17 564 Gratianus Afrio Verutianus 1/12
P. Ital. 8 17 564 Gaudentius Bonosa Verutianus 0,5/12
P. Ital. 8 17 564 Gratianus Urbicius (?)
.81
P. Ital. 8 17 564 Gratianus Staturianus
P. Ital. 8 17 564 Ponticello/ Lupatis Gratianus Messor 4/12
P. Ital. 30 539 , . Painitis Pelegrinus Thulgilo, Domnica, Deutherius Concordiacus 20 110 Casa Nova, Fundus Salecto, Fundus Kalegaricus,
P. Ital. 31 540 Montanus Domnicus Domicilius 3,5 20
P. Ital. 31 540 Montanus Domnicus Centum Viginti quinque 3,5 20
P. Ital. 32 21 540 Laurentius Milanius Gerontius Roborata (Rovorata) 1,5/12 51/3
P. Ital. 33 541 Isacius Minnulus Domitianus 2/12 20
P. Ital. 34 535 Petrus . 8/12 120
P. Ital. 34 551 Petrus . 4/12 60
P. Ital. 35 3 572 Deusdedit Domninus Custinis 5/12 > 5 Fundus Varianus, fundus Titzianus, fundus Quadrantula
.82
P. Ital. 35 3 572 Deusdedit Domninus Casale Basianum 2/12 > 5 Fundus Varianus, fundus Titzianus, fundus Quadrantula
P. Ital. 36 575591 Hildigernus Deusdedit Genicianus 6/12 14 fundi
P. Ital. 37 10 591 Iohannis Rusticiana, Tzitta Genicianus 6/12 24 fundi
P. Ital. 3841 616619 Theodorus 6/12
P. Ital. 42 600 10 2 tremises
P. Ital. 43 542 (?) Leo Waduulfus, Riccifrida Raunis 12/3 + 1/12 130
P. Ital. 46 600 30

.83 2


P. Ital. 1 Lauricius Maior cubiculi, praepositus sacri cubiculi
,
(missicius)
P. Ital. 1 Pyrrus
P. Ital. 1 Sisinnius
P. Ital. 1 Eleutherio
P. Ital. 1 Zosimus
P. Ital. 1 Tranquillus
P. Ital. 1 Gregorius
P. Ital. 1 Cuprio
P. Ital. 1 Eubudus
P. Ital. 2 Titianus
.84
P. Ital. 2 Johannes , - . Allector (?)
P. Ital. 2 Agnellus ,
P. Ital. 3 Maximus Saltus
Erudianus
P. Ital. 3 Proiectus
P. Ital. 3 Valerius
P. Ital. 3 Reparatus
P. Ital. 3 Justinius
P. Ital. 3 Quintulus
P. Ital. 3 Sabinio
P. Ital. 3 Leo
P. Ital. 3 Achilles
P. Ital. 3 Victurunis
P. Ital. 3 Severus
P. Ital. 3 Viktor ()
(Ecclesiastes)
P. Ital. 3 Johannes , - Allector
P. Ital. 3 Vigilius , - Allector
.85
P. Ital. 3 Bassus , - Allector
P. Ital. 45 AΒ Georgius Vir
devotus
(Olosiricoprata civitates Ravennatis)
P. Ital. 45 AB (), ,
P. Ital. 6 Manna Vir
devotus
P. Ital. 6 Nanderit
P. Ital. 6 Albanio , ,
P. Ital. 6 Albanio , ,
P. Ital. 6 Albanio , ,
P. Ital. 7 Gundihild Vir
illustrius
P. Ital. 7 Gudahals Vir
illustrius
P. Ital. 7 Lendarit
P. Ital. 7 Landarit
P. Ital. 8 Germana Clarissima femina
P. Ital. 8 Collictus , vir clarissimus
.86
P. Ital. 8 Gratianus Vir reverendus (Defensori)
P. Ital. 8 Stefanus Honestus puer
P. Ital. 8 Guderit Collictus
P. Ital. 8 Ranihilda ,
P. Ital. 9 , ,
P. Ital. 9 (), ,
P. Ital. 1011 Pierius Vir
inlustris
(Comes)
P. Ital. 12 Maria Femina spectabilis
P. Ital. 13 Ranilo Sublimis femina
P. Ital. 13 Felithanc Vir
sublimis
,
P. Ital. 13 Ademunt ( Andreas)
P. Ital. 13 Aderit Vir
gloriosus
,
P. Ital. 13 (), , ? ,
.87
P. Ital. 1415 Bonus Vir
honestus
-
(Bracarius)
P. Ital. 1415 Martyria Femina honesta -
(Bracarius)
P. Ital. 1415 (), , ? ,
P. Ital. 16 Johannes , - (spatario quondam Georgii magristro militum) (primicerii numerii felicum Theodosiacus)
P. Ital. 17 Megistus
(Megisti imperialis a secretis)
P. Ital. 17 Flavia
Xantippe
Femina gloriosissima ,
P. Ital. 17 (), ,
P. Ital. 1819 Stefanus Vir illustrius magnificus
P. Ital. 20 Sisivera Honesta femina ,
.88
P. Ital. 20 Theudifara
P. Ital. 21 Deusdedit Vir reverendus
P. Ital. 21 Melissa
P. Ital. 21 Secundus ,
P. Ital. 21 (), ,
P. Ital. 22 Paulacis Vir
devotus
, (Paulacine viro devoto,
milite numeri Arminiorum
)
P. Ital. 22 Stefanus (Stefani primicerii
numeri Veronensium
)
P. Ital. 23 Johannes Vir clarissimus (Prim. Num. Rav.)
P. Ital. 23 Stefania , , , honesta femina
.89
P. Ital. 23 Johannia , . ad Navicula . ad Navicula
P. Ital. 24 Gaudosius Vir reverentissimus , ( ) (Defensori)
P. Ital. 25 Octavianus , ,
P. Ital. 25 Martinus Vir honestus ,
P. Ital. 25 Aurelia Vir femina , , ,
P. Ital. 27 , ( ,
Chirocrista. , , .. -, )
,
P. Ital. 28 Wililiwa Clarissima femina
P. Ital. 29 Flavius Basilius Vir
honestus
P. Ital. 29 Rusticus Vir reverendus
P. Ital. 29 Cassianus Vir laudabilis
.90
P. Ital. 30 Thulgilo Honesta Femina
P. Ital. 30 Domnica Honesta Femina
P. Ital. 30 Deutherius Vir
honestus
P. Ital. 30 Pelegrinus Vir
strenuus
P. Ital. 30 Secundus (dromonarii)
P. Ital. 30 Witterit Vir
devotus
P. Ital. 30 Andreas (dromonarii)
P. Ital. 31 Domnicus Vir
honestus
P. Ital. 31 Montanus Vir clarissimus
(notario sacri
vestearii domini nostri
)
P. Ital. 32 Milanius Vir
honestus
P. Ital. 32 Gerontius Vir
honestus
P. Ital. 32 Laurentius Vir
strenuus
.
, Variae 4.18, 8.15, 12.13, 12.23, 12.24. .91 Variae , vir exceptionalibus, P. Ital. 32. , , : VI
P. Ital. 33 Isacius Vir
honestus
P. Ital. 33 Minnulus Vir reverendus Clericus/Lector
P. Ital. 34 Clerus
(, Minnulus, P. Ital. 33 541 ., P. Ital. 34 551 .)
Vir reverendus , ( Minnulus) Clericus/Lector
P. Ital. 34 Petrus Vir reverendus (Defensori)
P. Ital. 35 Domninus Vir
honestus
(agellario)
P. Ital. 35 Deusdedit Vir clarissimus (palatino sacrarum largitionum)
.92
P. Ital. 36 Deusdedit Vir
honestus
, , P. Ital. 35 ( 575591 .), , (palatino sacrarum largitionum)
P. Ital. 36 Hildigernus Vir clarissimus ,
?
P. Ital. 37 Rusticiana Honesta femina
P. Ital. 37 Felix (Defensori)
P. Ital. 37 Tzitta Vir
devotus

Persoarminiorum ()
P. Ital. 37 Iohannis Vir clarissimus , , , , Numerus, , Persoarminiorum
P. Ital. 3841 AD Theodorus
.93
P. Ital. 43 Waduulfus Vir
devotus
P. Ital. 43 Riccifrida Honesta femina
P. Ital. 43 Leo Vir
honestus
(, )
P. Ital. 44 Maurus (?)
P. Ital. 44 Theodorus Calliopa (glorioso praefecturio)
P. Ital. 44 Anna
P. Ital. 44 , ( )
P. Ital. 49 Gundila ( Gudila)

.94 3


P. Ital. ..  /  /  /  /
45 AB 552575
6 575 Manna, Nanderita
7 557 vir honestus
Liberatus, : Lendarit Landarit
Gundihild (Vormundsbestellung)
8 564 Germana (?) Gratianus, Stefanusa () (, )
Quittung
9 550 ( ) ( )
1011 AB 489 Pierius ()
12 491 Maria
13 553 Ranilo
1415 AB 572 Bonus Martyria
16 600 Johannes ( Iohannis)
17 600 Flavia Xantippe
1819 AB 600 Stefanus
20 690692 Sisivera
21 625 Deusdedit
22 639 Paulacis
23 700 . ad Navicula Johannes
24 650 Gaudiosus
25 600650 Martinus Aurelia Octavianus ( )
.95
26 550
27 550 ,
28 613641
Wililiwa
29 504 Rusticus Flavius Basilius - (epistulae traditionis)
30 539 Pelegrinus Thulgilo Domnica -
31 540 Montanus Domnicus -
32 540 Laurentius Milanius Gerontius ( -?)
33 541 Isacius Minnulus ( ) - (traditio corporalis)
34 551 Petrus (, Minnulus, P. Ital. 33 541 . P. Ital. 34 551 .) -
35 572 Deusdedit Domninus -
36 575591 Hildigernus Deusdedit -
37 591 Iohannis Rusticiana -
3841 AD 616619 Theodorus -
3841 AD 616619 Theodorus -
42 600 , , -
43 542 Waduulfus, Riccifrida Leo (Spruchurkunde)
44 642/43665/66 Theodorus Calliopa, Anna Maurus
45 750
46 600 ( ) -
49 557 Gundila ,

.96



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  • 2G. Marini (1805).
  • 3I. Gallo (1986) 104.
  • 4 P. Ital. .
  • 5 P. Ital. 1 (445 .); , 700 , , , P. Ital. 45, , , VIII . . Tjäder (1982) 181185.
  • 6 polyptyques . J. Percival (1966) 134138; S. Guérault (2003) 313333; J. Nelson, S. Joye (2013) 1931.
  • 7 . A. D. Lee (2013) 223240; M. G. Morony (2004) 166194.
  • 8 , : D. Rathbone (1991); R. S. Bagnall (1992) 128149; J. Rowlandson (1996); L. S. B. MacCoull (2011) 243246.
  • 9M. Bloch (1966) 237.
  • 10C. Grey (2016) 263295.
  • 11 : J.J. Arnold (2014); : P. Heather (1998); : J. Moorhead (1995); : S. J. Barnish, F. Marazzi (2009); - : P. Amory (1997).
  • 12 : V. Shlapentokh, J. Woods (2011) 117; coloni: L. Migliorati (1976) 242256; D. P. Kehoe (2007) 5392.
  • 13Kehoe (2013) 36, 37.
  • 14Garipzanov (2008); M. F. Hendy (1988) 2978; Hendy (2008) 395398; M. Blackburn (2005) 660674.
  • 15G. P. Brogiolo (2007) 333; C. La Rocca (2001) 416431; M. Johnson (1988) 7396.
  • 16T. S. Brown (1984) 190204.
  • 17P. Delogu (1994) 729.
  • 18C. Wickham (2005) 514.
  • 19Wickham (2005) 161.
  • 20J. Banaji (2001) 623, 89133; , Landscapes of Change: Rural evolutions in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (Aldershot 2004). . , , , . -, , . , .
  • 21. : Brown (1984) 190; Delogu (1994) 27; Wickham (2005) 259; Banaji (2001) 257.
  • 22R. Zimmerman (1996) 590; C. Francese (2007) 7879.
  • 23P. Heather (London 2013) 3; J. J. Arnold (2014) 140; M. Vitiello (2014) 79.
  • 24P. Ital. 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37 3841.
  • 25A. H. M. Jones (1964) 786.
  • 26 . . ; . Tjäder (1982) 30 (10), 44 (2).
  • 27 P. Ital. 1, fundi massae, patrimonium .
  • 28P. Ital.1011; . : A. H. M. Jones, J. R. Martindale (1980) 855, 886[3]; D. Vera (1999) 9911025; L. Malerba (1968) 5.
  • 29Banaji (2001) 208.
  • 30M. Matheus (2000) 190.
  • 31M. Melotti[4] (20022003) 54.
  • 32Jones (1964) 806; R. J. Buck (1983) 10, 15; fundi , , . Kehoe (1988) 199201.
  • 33P. Ital. 1, 2, 3, 1011.
  • 34GR IV, 21, 41; . CJ XI, 48.11 CJC, II, 441.
  • 35LC 351352 (JE 2032); LC I, 352 (JE 2216); . GR XIV. 14.
  • 36LP I, 434435; LP I, 505.
  • 37P. Toubert (1973) 455456.
  • 38 CB 27, 32, 34, 35, 39, 43, 46, 49, 82; P. Dip. 132; CDI a. 670. : A. Guillou (1969) 53.
  • 39 V : Wickham (1981) 93.
  • 40. . , , , IX , - . . Brown (1984) 196197; Wickham (1981) 113.
  • 41P. Ital. 1, 1011 AB.
  • 42B. Lancon (2001) 64.
  • 43Jones (1964) 782.
  • 44Ibidem, 783; Symmachus Ep. 5.93, 7.24.
  • 45Ger., Vita Melaniae Junioris 7, 11, 14, 19; Lancon (2001) 64.
  • 46P. Heather, J. F. Matthews (1991) 1726.
  • 47S. Mitchells (2007) 207237.
  • 48. fundi massae: E. Migliario (1992) 371; Vera (1995) 189331; P. De Neeve (1984) 3.
  • 49P. Ital. 1 2 : , massae fundi . .
  • 50 .: [9]
  • 51 , . M. Silver (1995) 141; P. L. Kohl (2014) 11.
  • 52D. Riggs (2001) 288; S. F. Johnson (2012) 1116; R. C. Hoffmann (1975) 64; G. W. Bowersock, P. R. L. Brown, O. Grabar (1999) 453.
  • 53Banaji (2015) 159.
  • 54Grey (2012) 605; Banaji (2015) 161; A. Cameron (1993) 89.
  • 55 : Banaji (2001) 214; Bowersock, Brown, (1999) 433; (, ) : G. P. Brogiolo, N. Gaulthier, N. Christie (2000) 143.
  • 56Brogiolo, Gaulthier, Christie (2000) 143; M. Decker (2007) 65.
  • 57. 1.
  • 58 . N. J. Adams (2013) 79.
  • 59. 1 ; : R. Duncan-Jones (1990); Jones (1964) 778784; L. Ruggini (1961) 55; J. M. Carrié (1997) 124.
  • 60K. Harper (2015) 5455.
  • 61W. Scheidel, S. J. Friesen (2006) 6191; Bagnall (1992) 128149.
  • 62Banaji (2001) 8586; Bagnall (1993) 36; W. Bowden, A. Gutteridge, C. Machado (2006) 91.
  • 63Harper (2015). , , . : , , - . . : Rathbone (1991).
  • 64 29 30 , . Brown (1984) 200; Grey (2012) 635.
  • 65Harper (2015) 55.
  • 66 , .
  • 67: P. Ital. 9, 13, 1415, 17, 21; : P. Ital. 8.
  • 68, P. Ital. 3 , xenias[11] ; P. Ital. 21 .
  • 69Banaji (2001) 85.
  • 70L. J. Hall (2001) 67.
  • 71 , , , 1020 . iugerum 0,2518 . ୸, , . , , , 100 , 200 , , 7 . . Cato, De Argricultura, 11.1, Varro, De Re Rustica, 1.19.1 ( ), Columella, Res Rustica, 2.12.7.
  • 72P. Ital. 1, 3.
  • 73P. Ital. 45, 6, 7, 8, 1011, 12, 13, 1415, 17, 1819, 20, 21, 22, 23, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 3841, 43, 44, 49; . 1.
  • 74P. Ital. 30.
  • 75 : P. Ital. 1415; : P. Ital. 33; : P. Ital. 29 P. Ital. 3841.
  • 76 P. Ital. 33 . P. Ital. 33 34 ୸ .
  • 77 : P. Ital. 3,13, 1415, 17, 1819, 20, 21, 22, 23; : P. Ital. 1, 1011; ୸ , , , () , , - ; . 2.
  • 78, P. Ital. 1011 fundi, massa Pyramitana. P. Ital. 20, 30, 35, 36 37; .
  • 79. 3 3 , .
  • 80Kehoe (2007) 32, 35, 36, 70, 98.
  • 81Ibidem, 75, 90.
  • 82 , , Corpus Iuris Civilis, . . CJC, XI.48.19; CJC, II, 441.
  • 83 . Carrié (2017) 197, Banaji (2001) 16.
  • 84Banaji (2012) 598599.
  • 85Wickham (1981) 44; Banaji (2001) 257269, . 258259.
  • 86P. Oxy XIX 2243(a), . 8788.
  • 87P. Oxy XVI 1911 ( ); P. Oxy XXVII 2480 ( ).
  • 88P. Oxy XVI 1911, LV 3804, XIX 2243(a), XVIII 2195.
  • 89. P. Oxy LV 3804 ( 141142 ).
  • 90P. Oxy LV 3804, 1140.
  • 91Ibidem, . II, . 1539.
  • 92Ibid., . 1539.
  • 93 , , . P. Oxy XIX; . P. Iand. inv. 653 T. Reekmans (1962) 1416.
  • 94Wickham (2005) 77; Banaji (2015) 72; Banaji (2012) 605; D. Rathbone (1991).
  • 95Rathbone (1991) 182183; Rowlandson (1996) 284; Banaji (1992) 134163.
  • 96. 2.
  • 97G. E. M. De Ste Croix (1983) 252.
  • 98Greg. Epp. IX. 108.
  • 99Salv. De Guber. Dei, V, 3839, 4243, 45.
  • 100 . J. M. Pardessus (1843) 230, I. N. Wood (1994) 207210; . Testamentum S. Remigii, 5763; C. Grey (2012) 633.
  • 101 VIII . CDL, III ( 774 .).
  • 102CDL, II, 161 (154 ). ., , A. Mailloux (1994) 208222.
  • 103 : M. Gockel (1970); F. Staab (1975); M. Innes (2000); Dienheim . Gockel (1970) 184203, 222227; Staab (1975) 262278; E. Freise (1978) 11871198; Wickham (1995) 519523; Innes (2000) 2223, 108109, 126128; Bürstadt . Gockel (1970) 228312; Menzingen . F. Schwind (1977) 457464; VIII , ; . Innes (2000) 5177.
  • 104 , - IX mancipium , , . . E. Renard (2000) 179209.
  • 105Gockel (1970) 184203; Innes (2000) 2527.
  • 106Wickham (2005) 514.
  • 107S. Ellis (2006) 413, 415.
  • 108P. Anderson (2013) 154172; R. R. Ruether (2009) 2541, . 3538; Wickham (2005) 442590, . 442519; Banaji (2001) 3988; F. R. Trombley (2004) 73104; A. E. Jones (2009) 74179, . 9495, 116, 118, 127.
  • 109P. Sarris (2004) 5572; F. R Trombley (2004) 73104.
  • 110C. Crothers (1996) 28.
  • 111 , .: Banaji (2011) 109144; A. Chavarria Arnau, J. Escalona, A. Reynolds (2011) 6081; L. Dossey (2010) 62; Wickham (2005) 383441. , , .
  • 112 P. Ital. 3 . 2.
  • 113 , . . M. Maas (2000) 67; possessor . P. Ital. 30 (Latinus v. h. possessor); colonus . P. Ital. 3 (medietate per Valerium colonum, Iustinum colonos, per Proiectum colonum; ); negotiator . P. Ital. 20 (Iannes, , -).
  • 114 P. Ital. 43: et de una uncia suprascripti fundi, que pro certis laboribus expensisque propriis ei suprascripto conlata est [13].
  • 115 C. Diehl (1888) 124, 292299; L. M. Hartmann (1900) 135136; idem (1908) 1012.
  • 116., , P. Jones (1969) 82.
  • 117Z. V. Udaltsova (1961) 93129.
  • 118J. F. Haldon (1993) 121; C. R. Whittaker, P. Garnsey (1998) 282.
  • 119 coloni , P. Ital. 3, , , . . 2.4 : P. Ital. 3.
  • 120Guillou (1969) 197202. . E. Stein (1949) 616.
  • 121 agellari P. Ital. 35 . P. Ital. 1, 2, 3, 43, 44 49. , , .
  • 122 P. Ital. 6 - (Manna); P. Ital. 20 (Sisivera) ( ) .
  • 123 : V. Fumagalli (1969) 436438; idem (1971) 344.
  • 124S. Bjornlie (2014) 138170.
  • 125Stein (1949) 616.
  • 126Wickham (1981) 101.
  • 127Hartmann (1904) 36, 1415.
  • 128Toubert (1973) 480.
  • 129 - : Kehoe (2007) 180, 190; P. Allen, N. Bronwen, W. Mayer (2009) 120122; Banaji (2001) 4, 206, 210, 216.
  • 130Wickham (1994) 3334, 113116, 212225.
  • 131Percival (1969) 469.
  • 132P. Ital. 1415: exceptis mancipiis et septem semis unciis fundi Quadrantula[14].
  • 133P. Ital. 29: A praesente Flavio Basilio viro honesto, argentario, spatium agri, cui vocabulum est Vetereca, situm territori Ravennati, placito et definito pretio auri solidios...[15]; P. Ital. 3841: ter definitum est de quas autem sepedictas senas uncias principales domus caenaculatae cum superioribus et inferioribus suis soloque proprio atque haera portici seu curtis sternata de latere et familiaricae caenacolatae cum solo proprio et usam potei et andronae, cum ingresso et egresso vel omnibus ad eisdem pertentibus his idem vendetor[16]
  • 134 fundus Raunis 130 , . , ( , , ) , .
  • 135Hall (2001) 6376.
  • 136Iannes: P. Ital. 20; Martinus: P. Ital. 25.
  • 137 negotiatores 550 604 .: Albinus (Pelagius, Ep. 82); Basilius (GR ix.104); Iannes (P. Ital. 20); Liberatus (GR i.42); Petrus (Pelagius, Ep. 9); , Abramius (GR x.21) Petrus (CIL x.7330). 604751 .: Inga (CIL xi.6779); Martinus (P. Ital. 25); Anna, Anon (CB 29).
  • 138 550604 .: Ammonius argentarius (P. Ital. 4-5); Andreas vir honestus (P. Ital. 6); Bonus bracarius (P. Ital. 1415); Bonus tabellio (P. Ital. 20); Deusdedit forensis (P. Ital. 45); Georgius argentarius (P. Ital. 45); Georgius olosiricoprata (P. Ital. 45); Johannes tabellio (P. Ital. 8); Iulianus adiutor forensis (P. Ital. 6); Laurentius gunnarius (P. Ital. 45); Liberius tabellio (P. Ital. 1415); Marinus chrysokalaktis (P. Ital. 16); Petrus collectarius (P. Ital. 6); Quiriacus horrearius (P. Ital. 6); Theodorus olosiricoprata (P. Ital. 45); Theodorus argentarius (P. Ital. 27); Vitalis argentarius (P. Ital. 45); Vitalis tabellio (P. Ital. 16); 605751 .: Deusdedit tabellio (P. Ital. 28); Theodorus tabellio (P. Ital. 27).
  • 139 , 550 604 .: Amantius aurifex (CIL VI.37782); Ammonius argentarius (P. Ital. 45); Anastasius medicus (Gr V.4); Andreas vir honestus (P. Ital. 6); Archaleus medicus (GR IX.32); Bonus bracarius (P. Ital. 1415); Bonus tabellio (P. Ital. 20); Deusdedit forensis (P. Ital. 45); Deusdedit notarius rogatariusque (MGH, Epp. II, 438); Eugenius notarius (CIL VI.8401); Florentinus expraepositus pistorum (P. Dip. 121); Georgius argentarius (P. Ital. 45); Georgius olosiricoprata (P. Ital. 45); Honoratus tabellio (P. Dip. 122); Iohannes tabellio (P. Ital. 8); Iohannes agrimensor (GR VII.36); Iohannes argentarius (GR. XI.16); Iulianus adiutor forensis (P. Ital. 6, P. Dip. 121); Iulianus arcarus (CIL 33715); Iulianus argentarius (CIL VI.9163); Laurentius gunnarius (P. Ital. 45); Laurentius monitarius (P. Dip. 120); Leontius medicus (P. Dip. 120); Liberius tabellio (P. Ital. 1415); Marinus chrysokalaktis (P. Ital. 16); Maximus nauclerus (CIL V.1598); Petrus argentarius (CIL XI.350); Petrus collectarius (P. Ital. 6); Petrus notarius (CIL V.1602); Quiriacus horrearius (P. Ital. 6); Stefanus nauclerus (CIL V.1606); Theodolus olosiricoprata (P. Ital. 45B); Theodorus argentarius (P. Ital. 27); Vitalis argentarius (P. Ital. 45); Vitalis cerearius (P. Dip. 120); Vitalis tabellio (P. Ital. 16); Wiliaric bokareis (?) (P. Dip. 119). 605751 .: Deusdedit tabellio (P. Ital. 28); Heraclius propositus coquinae (LC 352); Iohannes medicus (LP I, 317); Theodorus tabellio (P. Ital. 17).
  • 140 : F. Deichmann (1951) 526; .: GR XI. 16, argentarius .
  • 141, VI : Stefanus nauclerus (CIL V. 1606); Maximus nauclerus (CIL V.1598); Petrus notarius (CIL V.1602).
  • 142 P. Dip. 121, GD IV.56; GR IX.113. . Hartmann (1904) 1621.
  • 143P. Ital. 9, 13, 16, 17, 22, 37.
  • 144Agnellus, LP, 30; R. Lopez (1952) 274278 G. Luzzatto (1961) 4753.
  • 145, Iohannes consul et tabellio, : RS,  60; Sergius consul et tabellio, : A. Bartoli (1963) 74.
  • 146Diehl (1888) 314.
  • 147Ibidem, 312; G. Ostrogorsky (1960) 102103.
  • 148 , . .: Genesia honesta: LC I, 353; Barbarus Florentinus honesti casale Leopardus honestus: B. Capasso (1881) 256.
  • 149 . T. S. Brown (1984) 6, 15.
  • 150 59 , P. Ital. 1415AB, 25, 29, 33, 3841, 43 , P. Ital. 45 ( , ), 6, 16, 27 , ; 25 .
  • 151CB , , , ; CB, 55, 80, 82.
  • 152 CB, , Genesia honesta (LC I, 353); Barbarus Florentinus honesti casale Leopardus honestus, : B. Capasso (1881) 256.
  • 153 P. Ital. 9 , , fundi. , , , . . Tjäder (1955) 248; P. Ital. 13 : tenendi, per huis meae paginam largitatis dominos et procuratores vos in re vestra instituens, et revocandi damus licentiam[18], , , fundi , . , , , .
  • 154Banaji (2001) 129; L. Lavan (1999) 155; Lavan (2001) 44.
  • 155PS c. 18; CJC, III, 800; . Jones (1964) 395; : GR IX.130.
  • 156 : GR IX.61, 62 IX.123.
  • 157 : GR IX.88.
  • 158Diehl (1888) 312, 317; Hartmann (1889) 58.
  • 159L. Schmidt (1941) 586588, F. Schneider (1924) 1537.
  • 160B. Ward-Perkins (2008) 337.
  • 161 : W. Goffart (1974) 5360; Jones (1964) 635; . L. Ruggini (1961) 56.
  • 162 hospites: Jones (1964) 248253.
  • 163R. Remondon (1961) 6265.
  • 164 . GR IX.207; . CJ XII.41 SP II.7.20.
  • 165 metata ( metatus): GR IV.8, XI.53.
  • 166-, VI, VII VIII . . Ostrogorsky (1960) 100; , . . Guillou (1980) 7275.
  • 167 ୸, VII VIII . possessores , possessores . . Diehl (1888) 311.
  • 168P. Ital. 6: Albanione cum uxore et filia ingenuos esse volo, civesque Romanos[19]; P. Ital. 45: quos quasque liberos liberevae esse iussero, hii omnes liberi liberevae sint totae[20].
  • 169P. Ital. 13: cum mancipiis, quae in designatis massis esse noscentur, et, si qua tempore hoc barbarici ex eisdem lapsa repperiri potuerint, tenendi[21]; .
  • 170 : J. Richards (1980) 5859.
  • 171, : GR IX.104.
  • 172 : H. Nehlsen (1972) 123127; : P. D. King (1972) 160170. , . Guillou (1969) 196197.
  • 173Pelagius, Ep.84; GR II.15, III.35, IV.12, IX.30, 98, 144, 209; : GR II.6, III.37, VIII.21, IX.104; : (GR III.1), (GR IX.10), (GR IX.19), (GR X.12); : Anon (GR IX.200).
  • 174 : (GR IX.235); excubitor (GR IX.89); defensor (GR III.39).
  • 175 ( , ): GR IX.123; nobilium servi : GR X.5.
  • 176Cass. Var. 8.33: , , , . . J. Boswell (1988) 201202; V. Vuolanto (2003) 189, 198199, 203-207; K. Harper (2011) 415416.
  • 177 formulae, : LD 36, 37, 38, 39, 53, 71, 72, 74, 81.
  • 178 I mancipia, coloni. . Pelagius, Ep. 84.
  • 179 : GR iii.1; : CJ ix. 12. 10; CJC ii, 378.
  • 180: Guillou (1969) 305; caterva rusticorum (LP i, 468); fortiores (LP i. 472).
  • 181 servi vel ancillae: LP I, 510.
  • 182. : H. Grieser (1997); P. Bonnassie (1991); Nehlsen (1972); Verlinden (19551977); M. Bloch (1975) 161170, , XX .
  • 183Toubert (1973) 494500.
  • 184K. Hopkins (1978) 12, 99111.
  • 185Wickham (2005) 277.
  • 186 P. Ital. 3 .: Tjäder (1955) 185186; : Percival (1969) 607615; Vera (1986) 425430; , ; : Jones (1969) 8384; Percival (1969) 454455, 460; : Toubert (1973) 466467; A. Verhulst (1977) 9293; . : Jones (1964) 805806.
  • 187Toubert (1973) 466467; A. Verhulst (1977) 9293.
  • 188Vera (1986) 427; , , , , . 550730 . P. Ital. 44 45, (CB 129).
  • 189Wickham (2005) 286293.
  • 190K. Harper (2011) 497510; J. Tainter (1990) 188.
  • 191Renard (2000); W. Davies (1996) 225246.
  • 192P. Ital. 34; Tjäder (1972) 144164.
  • 193Ranilo sublimis femina: P. Ital. 13.
  • 194Mannas: P. Ital. 6.
  • 195Gunderit exceptor, curialis civitatis Ravennae: P. Ital. 1415B.
  • 196Holdigern: P. Dip. 121; , Hildigernus P. Ital. 36, .
  • 197 (Gudahals) (Flavianus): P. Ital. 7. , (Adiud), (Rosemud) (Gundirit) .
  • 198 : P. Ital. 20. Armatus scolaris, Adquisitus optio, Iannes Souros nagouzatro.
  • 199Gudirit libertus: P. Ital. 8; Hildigernus: P. Ital. 36; . (Guderit) 580 , 598 (Aligern) . .: Guderit: CIL V.1588; Aligern: GR IX.36.
  • 200Ademunt qui et Andreas appellatur: P. Ital. 13.
  • 201Minnulo, Christodorus: P. Dip. 117; Gundeberga qui et Nonnica spectabilis: CIL XI.940; Latinus possesorum parens corporis: P. Dip. 114, P. Ital. 30, , , icc ( ߻). . Tjäder (1971) 14; Wilienanc Igilia, Minnulus Danihel: P. Dip. 119.
  • 202 . P. Ital. 49; P. Ital. 20 , ; . , (Hildevara) 524 . .: Hildevara. P. Dip. 85.
    *203* 540 : J. P. Byrne (2004) 10801081; G. Tabacco (1989); V. Franchini (1908) 3334.
  • 204Anualdus tribunus: LC 353; Anualdus chartularis: LP I, 491; Toto: LP I, 468470; Guntarius Theodorus locoservator: RF, II,  41, V,  1221. , . A. Guillou (1969) 109110, 308315.
  • 205J. Jarnut (1972) 110114, 322366.
  • 206Wickham (1981) 6771.
  • 207S. C. Fanning (1981) 241258.
  • 208 : P. Ital. 1819 (Stefanus), P. Ital. 33 (Isacius).
  • 209P. Charanis (1946) 7486.
  • 210Diehl (1888) 241242, 275288; Guillou (1974) 152190; C. Mango (1973) 683719.
  • 211 Aa. Ss. Iulii, V, 345.
  • 212 : P. Ital. 6 (), P. Ital. 8, P. Ital. 17 ( ), P. Ital. 1819; . Guillou (1969) 8488, 113114, 226; : B. Bischoff (1967) 246275.
  • 213 , : Azimarchus scribo, GR IX.57, 63, 73, 77; Busa scribo, GR V.30; Longinus strator, GR III. 61; imperialis a secretis . P. Ital. 17.
  • 214: Zabarda dux Sardiniae, GR. IV. 25; : Plato illustris, LP I, 385; : : Basilius, GR IX. 104; Ioseph, GR I. 34; Nostamnus, GR IX.40; Salpingus, GR I. 42; : Abramius, GR X. 21; Petrus negotians, CIL X.7330.
  • 215 : Bahan magister militum, GR IX.99; Tzittas miles: P. Dip. 122; Tzittas comes et tribunus: CIL V. 7793; (T)Zitta magister militum: GR X. 10; : P. Ital. 22 - Paulacis numeri Arminiorum, , (Stephanus) ( Stefani primicerii numeri Veronensium) .
  • 216Guillou (1969) 7880, 95; . I. Kajanto (1963); Diehl (1888) 257259.
  • 217 : Toubert (1973) 693.
  • 218Grey (2016) 263295.
  • 219 : Banaji (2001) 3945; : K. Sessa (2018) 88, 89; I. B. Lippolis (2007) 223; : Banaji (2001) 218; : Harper (2011); : Duncan-Jones (1977) 331332.
  • 220. 2.2 : , 2 , , .
  • 221Bagnall (1995) 7580.
  • 222. 1.
  • 223C. Rapp (2005) 7, 8.
  • 224 . Rapp (2005) 322.
  • 225. , : R. McConnell (2017) 2, 95120, 120127.
  • 226D. E. Trout (1996) 175185; P. Allen, B. Neil, W. Mayer (2009); I. SanPietro (2014).
  • 227 : A. J. Marshall (1975) 8287; E. Champlin (1991); A. Arjava (1998) 147165; J. Hillner (2003) 129145; J. C. Tate (2008) 237248; Rowlandson, R. Takahashi (2009) 104138; : Bagnall (1992) 128149; Sarris (2004) 5572; MacCoull (2011) 243246; S. Bernard (2016) 317338.
  • 228 ., : G. R. Monks (1953) 349362; Janes (1998); Rapp (2005); Moorhead (2015) 1, 2, 72, 164.
  • 229. : Grey (2016) 285289.
  • 230 , . , , . . A. OSullivan, S.M. Sheffrin (2003) 28.
  • 231 ? I VI . .. (The end of politics? Studies in Roman political culture from the 1st to the 6th century A.D.) . . , . . L. E. Tacoma ( 2018).
  • 232 3 .
  • 233. : R. P. Saller (2007) 87112; Banaji (1999) 205; S. R. Huebner, G. Nathan (2017) 12, 17; , , () .
  • 234 II .. . Champlin (1991); Marshall (1975) 8287; . R. L. Fox (1985) 208232; S. Hodkinson (1986) 378406; D. Schaps (1975) 5357; B. Griffith-Williams (2012) 145162; C. A. Cox (1989) 3446; D. Asheri (1963) 121; . Rowlandson, Takashi (2009) 104139; , : Hillner (2003) 129145; Arjava (1998) 147165.
  • 235T. F. Ruiz (2004) 87109; Wickham (1981).
  • 236. Tjäder (1955) 200.
  • 237P. Ital. 45: quos quasque liberos liberevae esse iussero, hii omnes liberi liberevae sint totae[24] ( ) Quoscumque autem liberos esse iussero vel voluero, hii liberi sint toti fiantque[25] ( ).
  • 238P. Ital. 6: Testamentum vitalem Mannanis viri devote, factum sub die V Kalendas Martias, imperante domino nostro Iustino perpetuo Augusto anno decimo, post consulatum eius anno septimo, indictione octava, Ravennae, ex commendatione Iohannis viri strenui reseratus est sub die Kalendrum Aprilium, imperante domino nostro Iustino perpetuo Augusto anno decimo, post consulatum eiusdem secundum anno septimo, indictione octava, Ravennae[26].
  • 239P. Ital. 6: ipso praesente et subscribente, atque ei testamentum relictum, per quo constituit heredum sanctam ecclesiam catholicam Ravennate, testis subscribsi[27].
  • 240P. Ital. 6: Albanione cum uxore et filia ingenuos esse volo, civesque Romanos[28].
  • 241. 2.2 : , 2 , , .
  • 242P. Ital. 6: Iohannis vir strenuus, filius quondam Ianurai prefectiani, Emilianus vir devotus, scriniarius gloriosae sedis.
  • 243, (tutor), , vir devotus et comitiacus, (ex autentico edidi). Comitiacus , -, , Variae 2.10, 5.6, 6.13, 7.31.
  • 244 P. Ital. 7 : Si eandem specialem tutelam libenter adsumis, aut moderanter vel legilater administras, oportet te nobis preasentibus confiteris; Cumque Liberatus honestus introductus, Horanius, Antonius adque Volusanius, sed et cunctus ordo dixerunt: Quare te preasens Flavianus vir honestus in concilio nostro deduxit?; Horanius, Antonius adque Volusianus, sed et cunctus ordo dixerunt: Libenter huius tutelae fideiussor accedes?[29]
  • 245P. Ital. 2; Brown (1979) 7; . Agnellus, LP, 8586; Jones (1964) 820821; Wickham (2005) 6466.
  • 246P. Ital. 7: cum viduatae matris non possint infirmitate defendi, propter aetatis invicillitatem adversantum fraudibus ipsi vel eorum facultates occumbat[30].
  • 247P. Ital. 6: ipso praesente et subscribente, atque ei testamentum relictum, per quo contituit heredum sanctam ecclesiam catholicam Ravennate, testis subscribsi[31].
  • 248A. D. Lee (2015) 238; Janes (1998) 136139; , , , 767 , . CDL 2/206.
  • 249Janes (1998) 136139.
  • 250L. Boyer (1965) 333408; Hopkins (1983) 235247; Champlin (1991) 8.
  • 251Vuolanto (2015) 212.
  • 252Champlin (1991) 812.
  • 253Champlin (1991) 24.
  • 254P. Ital. 6: Iohannis vir strenuus huic testamentum rogatus a Mannane viro devote, filio quondam Nanderit, ipso praesente et suscribente, atque ei testamentum relictum, per quo constituit heredem sanctam ecclesiam catholicam Ravennate, testis subscribsi[32].
  • 255. , : R. S. Rogers (1947) 140158; E. Bund (1978) 5155; K. P. Müller-Eiselt (1982) 287304.
  • 256 , ; SanPietro (2014) 82, 197, 202.
  • 257Nathan (2000) 134; . : B. D. Shaw (1996) 100138.
  • 258., , P. Ital. 45: Te itaque, sanctam catolicam matrem Ravennatem ecclesiam, in qua omnes populus cristianus exorat...[33], .
  • 259: ( ) P. Ital. 6; ( ) P. Ital. 6; Ranihilda P. Ital. 8; : Sisivera P. Ital. 20.
  • 260 : Gundihild vir illustrious[36] (P. Ital. 7); Germana clarissima femina (P. Ital. 8); Maria femina spectabilis (P. Ital. 12); Ranilo sublimis femina (P. Ital. 13); Flavia Xantippe femina gloriossima (P. Ital. 17); Wililiwa clarissima femina (P. Ital. 28); : Martyria femina honesta (P. Ital. 1415); Aurelia vir femina[37] (P. Ital. 25); Johannia vir devotus[38] (P. Ital. 23); Thulgilo honesta femina (P. Ital. 30); Domnica honesta femina (P. Ital. 30); Rusticiana honesta femina (P. Ital. 37); Riccifrida honesta femina (P. Ital. 43).
  • 261P. Ital. 13: Laurentius vir spectabilis huic donationi rogatus a Ranilone, sublimi femina, donatrice, eiusque iugele Felethanc, sublimi viro, quibus me presente relicta est, et signa fecerunt, testis subscribsi, et me presente est tradita donatio[39].
  • 262H. Becker (2016) 915932.
  • 263 , , : D. Hobson (1983) 311321.
  • 264. . 74.
  • 265Champlin (1991) 118120.
  • 266 . S. B. Pomeroy (1991) 263268; Hillner (2003) 129145; L. Alberici, M. Harlow (2007) 193203; L. Dossey (2008) 340.
  • 267Champlin (1991) 120; Hobson (1983) 315.
  • 268J. Andreau (1999) XII, 24; R. Versteeg (2002) 366.
  • 269A. Wilson, A. Bowman (2018) 8789, 112, 115.
  • 270 , , , . , - , . . R. W. Mathisen (2012) 745747.
  • 271P. Ital. 30: quas viginti iugera fundi suprascripti hac die distracta sunt sub evictionem legis dupla bona perpetuam[43]; P. Ital. 31: evictum ablatumve quid fuerit, tunc quanti ea ris erit, quae evicta fuerint, dupplum nummerum solidorum suprascriptorum sed et rei quoque melioratae[44]; P. Ital. 34: adhibitis aevictionis duplariae robore pariter adtributis[45]; P. Ital. 35: tunc quanti ea res erit, quae evicta fuerit, duplum pretium suprascriptum quinque solidorum a suprascripto venditore et ab eiusque heredibus[46]; P. Ital. 36: hac die distractas sunt sub evictionis nomine duplariae rei sub obligatione rerum suarem[47]; P. Ital. 37: et tradederunt, iure optimo et legibus sub dupplariae rei et rei quoque melioratae[48]; , P. Ital. 32, 33, 3841 AD, 42 43, , , .
  • 272 : P. Ital. 29, 30, 31, 32; : P. Ital. 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 43; P. Ital. 3841 AD 42 , . , , , P. Ital. 29 32. , , -, .
  • 273 : P. Ital. 31; : . . 35; : P. Ital. 30: venditores ab eundum emptorem Pelegrino viro strenuo iuxta placitum suum praetii nomine id est auri soldos dominicos, probitos, obriziacos, optimos, pensantes nomero centum decem tantum[49]; P. Ital. 31: et filiorum suorum, omni praetio inter eos placito et definito pro suprascriptas portiones ex duobos fundis et omnibus ad se pertinentibus auri solidos dominicos, optimos, pensantes numero quadraginta tantum[50]; P. Ital. 33: pensantes numero viginti tantum in praesenti eidem Minnulo viro reverendo[51]; P. Ital. 35: omnem pretium inter eos placitum et definitum auri solidos dominicos, probitos, obriziacos, integri ponderis, singulares numero quinque, que ei hac die dati, numerati et traditi sunt a suprascripto emptore[52]; P. Ital. 36: iuxta placitum suum pretii nomine id est auri solidos dominicos, probatos, obriziacos, optimos, pensantes, integri ponderis, singulares numero quattordecim tantum[53]; P. Ital. 37: sex uncias id est auri solidos dominicos, obriziacos, optimos, pensantes numero viginti quattuor tantum, que eisdem venditoribus ac die dati, numerati et traditi sunt domi ex arca et ex sacullo suprascripti emptoris[54]; P. Ital. 42: praeti nomine id est auri soledos dominicus, provetus, obriziacus, optumos, pensantes numero decem et tremisses duo tantum in praesenti[55].
  • 274P. Ital. 7 : Antonius vir honestus, Volusanius vir honestus, Decoratus vir honestus, Maximus vir honestus, Vigilius vir laudabilis, Constantinus vir devotus.
  • 275P. Ital. 30: Serapion vir strenuus, adiutor numerariorum, his instrumentis vigenti iugerum fundi Concordiacus rogatus a Thulgilone honesta femina, matre, et ab eiusque filiis Domnica honesta femina et Deutherio viro honesto, suprascriptis venditoribus, ipsis praesentibus testis subscribsi, et suprascriptum praetium auri solidos centum decem eis in praesenti traditus vidi[56]; , Opilio vir strenuus.
  • 276P. Ital. 33. , , : P. Ital. 20 de sexu femineo Belliianus senatusconsultus, senatusconsultus Velleianum, , , I ..; . H. Vogt (1952); , monumen () munimen () , , . , 541 , , , , . : P. Ital. 1011, 12.
  • 277 , P. Ital. 1011, . . P. Heather (2010) 506.
  • 278P. Ital. 25: hanc pacti conventionis donationisque chartulam[57].
  • 279D. E. Trout (1996) 262.
  • 280P. Ital. 44: Et quoniam sperastis, uti SEX uncias principales in integro DOMUS cum superiorobus et inferioribus et sex uncias familiarice, curte et orticellum in integro, et omnibus adiacentibus et pertinentibus, atque quattuor uncias balnei cum baso, fistulas et omne ordinatione sua, sed et alias sex uncias familiaricae positae super fluvio ante balneo et orto praedictae domus, quae domus ex calce qaimento usque ad tigno constructa, tegulis et imbricibus una cum familiarica sua tecta, cum putae[58]; verum etiam et SEX uncias DOMUS positae intra civitatem Arimensem cum curte, familiarica et omnibus menbris suis[59]; , ( ) .
  • 281P. Ital. 44: donec vos divinitas in ac luce iusserit perminare, sub SEPTINOS aureos infiguratos[60]; , , . Tjäder (1982) 174: Das in Erbpacht überlassene ist offenbar später an die Ravennatische Kirche zurückgegangen; bei dieser Gelegenheit is unsere Urkunde in das Archiv gekommen[61].
  • 282P. Ital. 44: ...adque ex iura quondam Apollenarii, aeminentissimae memoriae viri, genitoris vestri, per piam eius dispositionem ad nostram sanctam pervenerunt ecclesiam secundum notitiam subter adnexa[62]
  • 283Wickham (1981) 108109.
  • 284RF, II, no. 153, no. 154.
  • 285 P. Ital. 20: et si que alii adfines sunt, qua quemque tangit et populum, finibus, terminis, campis, pratis, pascuis, silvis, salectis, sationalibus, vines, arbustis, arboribus pomiferis, fructiferis et infructiferis, diversisque generibus, vineis, arbustis, arboribus pomiferis, fructiferis et infructiferis, diversisque generibus, rivis, fontibus, aquis perennis, liminibus, limitibusque suis omnibus omnique iure proprietateque eius..[64]; P. Ital. 27, 28.
  • 286 , , P. Ital. 1011: et inquilinos sive servos, et circuissent omnes fines, terminus, agros, arbos, cultus, vel incultos, seu vineas, et traditio corporalis celebrata fuisset actoribus Pieri viri inlustris nullo contradicente[65]; P. Ital. 13: cum adtiguis colonicis subsequentibusque suis, finibus, terminis, servitutibusque earum, cum mancipiis, quae in designatis massis esse noscuntur[66].
  • 287 (, ) P. Ital. 8, .
  • 288 .: P. Ital. 1011, 12, 13, 1415 AB, 26, 27; .: P. Ital. 16, 17, 1819 AB, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 28.
  • 289 , : C. Haas (1997) 254; B. Neil (2009) 182185.
  • 290P. Ital. 16: pro oblationem et remedium animae meae[67]; P. Ital. 20: suprascriptae sancta ecclesiae Ravennati pro remedium animae meae in perpetuo possendendum[68].
  • 291 : I. SanPietro (2014) 3384.
  • 292P. Ital. 12; : J. Moorhead (1992) 2425; Spectabilis: Jones (1964) 143, 282, 528529.
  • 293Tjäder (1982) 2627 ( , ); 600 . N. Everett (2000) 75.
  • 294 : P. Ital. 29 18 solidi (, , , situm territorio Ravennati inter adfines fundum Pictulisiuris ecclesiae catholicae Ravennatis, , , ); P. Ital. 31 40 solidi ( (Montanus), vir clarrissimus, (Domnicus)); P. Ital. 33 20 solidi.
  • 295P. Ital. 43.
  • 296 : R. Klein (2008) 81122.
  • 297 , , , . . L. K. Little (1978) 68.
  • 298Tjäder (1955) 1727.
  • 299P. Ital. 24: primicerius scholae forensium civitatis Ravennae seo Classis[69]; . Everett (2000) 5759.
  • 300P. Ital. 49; : P. Amory, People and Identity in Ostrogothic Italy, 489554 (Cambridge 1997) 321325, 382383.
  • 301Cass. Variae, 3.20, 5.2930, 3.52, 8.28.3; ET 10, 45, 76; : . , , . . .: Goffart (1980) 97; Innes (2006) 3974.
  • 302Grey (2016) 295.


  • [1] : (Cam Grey).
  • [2] : fundus Cornelianus.
  • [3] : 885.
  • [4] : M. Amelotti.
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  • [36] : inl(lustris) f(emina).
  • [37] : h(onesta) f(emina).
  • [38] P. Ital. 23 : Iohannia r(e)l(igiosa) abb(atissa) Stefania h(onesta) f(emina).
  • [39], , , , , , , , (.).
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  • [70] : P. Ital. 7.
  • [71] : P. Ital. 7.
  • [72] : Amelotti M.
  • [73] (Jones A. H. M. The Later Roman Empire, 284602: A Social Economic and Administrative Survey, vol. II, pp. 781782), , , .
  • [74] P. Ital. 1011 ; - , , .
  • [75] : seven blocks in Achaea, , (Jones A. H. M. The Later Roman Empire, 284602: A Social Economic and Administrative Survey), : seven blocks in Africa and two in Achaea (p. 782).
  • [76] , P. Ital. 30, , , .
  • [77] ( 643645 653666 .); ( eminentissimmae memoriae vir, genitor vester , ) .
  • [78] , , , .
  • [79] P. Ital. 6 vir devotus , .
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