“Memento mori”
Mosaic from Pompeii (House cum workshop I, 5, 2, triclinium).
30 BCE — 14 CE.
Naples, National Archaeological MuseumInv. No. 109982.Photo by Sergey Sosnovskiy

“Memento mori”.

Mosaic from Pompeii (House cum workshop I, 5, 2, triclinium).
30 BCE — 14 CE.
Inv. No. 109982.

Naples, National Archaeological Museum
(Napoli, Museo archeologico nazionale di Napoli)

From Pompeii (House cum workshop I, 5, 2, triclinium).
This emblema was significantly displayed in a triclinium and is one of the most striking for the clarity of its allegorical representation. The topic is Hellenistic in origin and presents death as the great leveller who cancels out all differences of wealth and class. It is a theme that has come down to our days, as for example in the famous poem ’A livella by the comic actor A. de Curtis (Totò). In fact the composition is surmounted by a level (libella) with a plumb line, the instrument used by masons to get their constructions straight and level. The weight is death (the skull) below which are a butterfly (the soul) and a wheel (fortune).

On each side, suspended from the arms of the level and kept in perfect balance by death, are the symbols of wealth and power on the left (the sceptre and purple) and poverty on the right (the beggar’s scrip and stick). The theme, like the skeletons on the silverware in the treasure of Boscoreale, was intended to remind diners of the fleeting nature of earthly fortunes.

Stefano De Caro
(сс) 2006. Photo: Sergey Sosnovskiy (CC BY-SA 4.0).
Text: museum inscription to the mosaic.
© 2001. Description: Stefano De Caro, “The National Archaeological Museum of Naples”. Soprintendenza Archeologica di Napoli e Caserta. Electa, Napoli, 2001, p. 191.
Keywords: μωσαϊκό mosaic mosaics mosaica mosaici mosaik mosaïque ρώμη rome roman roma romano rom römisches rome romaine wreath kranz couronne corona cloak mantello mantel manteau μανδύα pompei pompeji pompéi pompeii πομπηία sceptre scettro zepter sceptrum σκήπτρο of i 5 2 conceria di officina coriariorum marcus vesonius primus memento mori skull cranio schädel crâne cranium κρανίο plummet plumb level filo piombo piombo senkblei aplomb libella purple porpora purpureo purpur purpurn purpurrot pourpre purpura μωβ μοβ stick randello bastone stab stock bâton bourdon butterfly farfalla schmetterling falter papillon πεταλούδα χρυσαλλίδα wheel of fortune fate ruota della fortuna glücksrad fortunas rad roue de fortune rota fortunae τροχός της τύχης inv no 109982
History of Ancient Rome