The punishment of Dirce
Fresco from Pompeii (House of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, VII, 4, 56).
Third style. Ca. 30 CE.
Inv. No. 9042.Naples, National Archaeological Museum, Hall LXXIPhoto by Luciano Pedicini

The punishment of Dirce.

Fresco from Pompeii (House of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, VII, 4, 56).
Third style. Ca. 30 CE.
Inv. No. 9042.

Naples, National Archaeological Museum, Hall LXXI
(Napoli, Museo archeologico nazionale, Sala LXXI).

Pompeii, House of the Grand Duke (VII, 4, 56).
From Pompeii (House of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, VII, 4, 56).
This large picture, dominated by a rural landscape in which a dolmen symbolising the mythical era introduces a disturbing atmosphere of mystery, shares the theme (and to some extent iconography) of the Farnese Bull. The hapless Dirce is already bound to the bull which Zethus, standing on the left with his mother Antiope, is about to set free, while Amphion is conversing with his tutor behind the bull.
The understated, almost serene representation of the tragedy exemplifies the classicising mood of the III style (this painting can be dated to the years either side of 30 A.D.), whereas the same topic was to receive a much more violent and Baroque treatment in the IV style painting in the House of the Vettii.
© 1996. Photo, text: Stefano De Caro, “The National Archaeological Museum of Naples”. Soprintendenza Archeologica di Napoli e Caserta. Electa, Napoli, 2001. P. 156.
© 1996. Photo: Luciano Pedicini.
Keywords: ζωγραφικήί pictura ars picturae painting pittura malerei peinture ελληνική μυθολογία mythologia graeca greek mythology mitologia greca griechische mythologie grecque δίρκη dirce dirke dircé ρωμαϊκές roman romana romano romani römisch römische römisches römischen römischer romain romaine romains romaines ζήθος zethus zethos zeto zéthos ἀμφίων αμφίονας amphion anfione ἀντιόπη αντιόπη antiope πομπηία pompeii pompeian pompei pompeiano pompeji pompeianischen pompejanischen pompéi pompéien iii third style terzo stile dritten stil troisième φρεσκογραφία τοιχογραφία νωπογραφία wall fresco frescos frescoes opera parietale murale opere parietali murali affresco affreschi freskomalerei frischmalerei wandmalerei fresko fresken fresque fresques pintura mural female dress clothes clothing garment abbigliamento femminile damenbekleidung vêtements pour femmes γυναικεία ρούχα male footwear footgear calzatura maschile männerschuhe chaussures hommes ανδρικά παπούτσια armilla bracelet braccialetto bracciale armband armreif armspange spange βραχιόλι corona wreath kranz couronne endromis endromidis endromides cothurnus topboot boot boots stivali endromide stiefel stiefeln bottes ἐνδρομίς solea sandal sandals sandalo sandali sandale πέδιλα σάμβαλα σάνδᾰλον σανδάλια σανδάλι chiton khiton chitone χιτών tree albero baum arbre δέντρο cloak mantello mantel manteau μανδύα woman donna frau femme γυναίκα taurus bull toro stier taureau βόδι ταύρος mortem death decease morte decesso tod mort décès trépas θάνατος house of the grand duke vii 4 56 casa del granduca di toscana pastor herder herdsman pastore hirt berger pâtre τσοπάνης βοσκός punishment execution supplizio punizione bestrafung des punition de τιμωρία της rural pastoral bucolic landscape paesaggio pastorale bucolico rurale ländliche landschaft paysage bucolique ποιμενικό αγροτικό βουκολικό τοπίο dolmen man men oumo uomini mann männer homme άντρας άντρες inv no 9042