Alexander the Great as Achilles
1st century BCE — 1st century CE.
Naples, National Archaeological MuseumInv. Nos. 129432 / 158837.

Alexander the Great as Achilles.

1st century BCE — 1st century CE.
Inv. Nos. 129432 / 158837.

Naples, National Archaeological Museum
(Napoli, Museo archeologico nazionale di Napoli)

From Pompeii.
The theme of Alexander the Great who, represented as Achilles, contemplates the latter’s weapons, is the subject of a famous gem, presently in the Naples Museum and formerly probably in the Orsini collection (inv. 26092), signed by the celebrated Dioskourides, an Alexandrine artist who accompanied Caesar to Rome and became Augustus favourite gemmarius. The presence of two glaze intagli with the same subject from Pompeii show how rapidly the iconographies adopted by court artists became diffused in Roman society. The presence of workshops of gemmarii in Pompeii is well documented. One of them, Pinarius Cerialis, lived in house III, 4, b, where, in one of the cubicula, his tool chest was found. It contained some burins and 114 precious stones, 28 of which had been worked, while 79 were unworked or merely polished.
© 1996. Photo, text: Stefano De Caro. The National Archaeological Museum of Naples. Soprintendenza Archeologica di Napoli e Caserta. Electa, Napoli, 2001. P. 285.
© 1996. Photo: Luciano Pedicini.
Keywords: gemma glyptics gem gems glittica gliptica gemme glyptik glyptique ελληνική φιγούρα greek figures greeks figura greca figure greche greco greci griechische figur figuren grieche griechen figure grecque figures grecques grec grecs ελληνική μυθολογία mythologia graeca greek mythology mitologia greca griechische mythologie grecque roman romana romano romani römische römischer romain romaine engraved gem engraved gems intaglios intaglio intagli gemme intaille ἀχιλλεύς αχιλλέας achilleus achilles hero eroe achille heros achill héros απεικόνιση portrait portraiture ritratto ritrattistica porträtmalerei porträt intaglio engraved gems intaglio engraved gem glaze alexander the great as achilles argead dynasty king ruler alexander iii of macedon the macedonian the great achilles akhilleus achilleus achille round shield spear armour armor armatura gorgoneion gorgonion head of gorgon gorgons medusa inv no 129432 inv no 158837
History of Ancient Rome