Vergilius?
Marble.
Late 1st century BCE — early 2nd century CE.
Inv. No. 10163.
Rome, Vatican Museums, Gregorian Profane Museum Photo by Sergey Sosnovskiy

Vergilius?

Marble.
Late 1st century BCE — early 2nd century CE.
Inv. No. 10163.

Rome, Vatican Museums, Gregorian Profane Museum
(Musei Vaticani, Museo gregoriano profano)

Description:

A10. Ennius-Vergil New Comedy Poet Type (5 examples).

(5) Vatican, Museo Gregoriano Profano ex Lateranese inv. 10163.
No provenance. Marble head: H. 34 cm; HdH. 23 cm.
Restorations: tip of nose, back of head, right part of neck. Surface much abraded.

A. Giuliano, Catalogo dei Ritratti del Museo Profano Lateranense (1957), no. 5, pls. 3, 4 (Roman copy second half first century CE); Helbig4 I no. 1113 (v. Heintze).

A bibliography of identification of portrait type is as follows: K. Schefold, Gnomon 35 (1936), 811—812 (the original belongs at the high point of early Hellenistic portraiture, second quarter third century, near the Menander, and perhaps represents Philemon, the New Comedy poet); V. Poulsen, Vergil, Opus Nobile vol. 12, (Bremen 1959) puts together four copies of the type, the two in Copenhagen and two in the Vatican, and suggests the identification of Vergil; H. v. Heintze, “Neue Beiträge zu V. Poulsen’s Vergil,” RM 67 (1960), 103—110 (adds heads in Leipzig and the Conservatori, Helbig4 II no. 1466, a herm from the Auditorium of Maecenas on the Esquiline, see cat B 87, G. Hafner, Das Bildnis des Q. Ennius (Baden-Baden 1968) renames type; H. von Heintze, Gymnasium 79 (1972), 466-468 (review of G. Hafner, Das Bildnis des Q. Ennius — good discussion of double herm combinations); J. C. Balty, in Festoen opgedragen aan A. N. Zadoks-Josephus Jitta bij haar zeventigste verjaardag (Groningen, 1976), 51—52 (list of double herm couplings, which favors the identification of Poulsen’s Vergil as a Greek rather than a Roman); Stewart, Attika, 84-85 [grouped together with other heads that are assigned to a court sculptor of Augustus, last quarter first century BCE; personality of sculptor first defined by Poulsen, RA (1968), 267—278]; V. Hausmann, “Zum Bildnis der Dichters Theokrit,” STELE. Tomos eis Mnemen N. Kontholeontos (1979), 516—524 (Theokritos); E. Berger, Eikones. Festschrift Haus Jucker (AntK-BH 12; Basel, 1980), 73—75 (second-century-BCE original, perhaps representing a poet in the circle of Scipio Aemelianus, e.g., Lucilius); Giuliani, Bildnis und Botschaft, 163—189 (original of mid-second century BCE, i.e., representing the poet Ennius); H. von Heintze, Gymnasium 94 (1987), 481—497 (review of the scholarship on this portrait type); D. Hertel, BJb (1988), 593 (review of Giuliani, proposes date of original ca. 100 BCE. i. e., the beginning of the first century BCE rather than Giuliani’s mid-second-century date); K. Fittschen, AA (1991), 256, Fig. 3 (surely a poet); G. Hafner. Bildlexicon antiker Personen (1993), s.v. Ennius; Zanker, Mask of Socrates, 143—145, Fig. 78 (portrait of a Hellenistic poet; Roman copy of a statue of the second century BCE).

Sheila Dillon
Credits:
(ńń) 2008. Photo: Sergey Sosnovskiy (CC BY-SA 4.0).
Text: museum inscription to the sculpture.
© 2005. Description: Sheila Dillon. Ancient Greek portrait sculpture: contexts, subjects, and styles. Cambridge, 2005, pp. 146—147.

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Keywords: marble marmor marmo male portrait head testa ritratto maschile unknown Roman man romano sconosciuto Publius Vergilius Maro Vergil Virgil Publio Virgilio Marone Quintus Ennius Quinto Ennio poet poeta Inv No 10163
History of Ancient Rome