Sarcophagus from the “Tomb of the Magnate”Limestone. Third quarter of the 4th century BCE. Inv. No. 9873.Tarquinia, National Archaeological Museum
Limestone. Third quarter of the 4th century BCE.
Inv. No. 9873.
Tarquinia, National Archaeological Museum
(Tarquinia, Museo archeologico nazionale).
The conjugal couple on each lid, as well as the sculptures on the sarcophagus itself, depicting both mythological and “real-life” scenes, are wholly Classical in the rendering of the anatomy and the drape of the garments, although here and there, in the faces of the deceased and the draperies, there are glimpses of the style of the previous century. The sarcophagus at Tarquinia known as the “Tomb of the Magnate”, which dates from the third quarter of the fourth century, represents the culmination of the process. Here, the earlier tradition is no longer represented by deliberate repetitions of significant details but rather by conventional borrowings of marginal elements, such as the sphinx and lion cubs placed as akroteria at the ends of the sarcophagus. Henceforth, on the eve of the great Hellenistic transformation, the Classical style became a common heritage for all Etruria.
Keywords: γλυπτική sculptura sculpture sculptural scultura skulptur ετρουρία ετρουσκική etruria etruscan etrusco etruskisch etruskische etruskischer etruskischen étrusque tarquinia tomb of the magnate partunu velthur partunus laris pulena limstone sarcophagus sarkophag sarcofago sphinx sphynx sfinge phix lion patera inscription wreath fight battle greeks with amazons amazon amazone amazonen amazzone amazzoni amazonomachy amazonomachie amazonenkampf amazzonomachia amazonomachia round shield aspis polychromy inv no 9873