Mausoleum of Augustus
Reconstruction. 1:100 scale model.
29 BCE.
Rome, Museum of Roman CivilizationPhoto by Sabina Tariverdieva

Mausoleum of Augustus.

Reconstruction. 1:100 scale model.
29 BCE.

Rome, Museum of Roman Civilization
(Museo della civiltà romana)

Origin:
Campus Martius, Rome.
Description:
The emperor Augustus began to build his mausoleum on the Campus Martius (Field of Mars) in 29 B.C.This cylindrical monument was faced in marble and travertine, and topped by a mound of earth planted with cypresses and other evergreen trees.

In front of the entrance stood two 14-meter-high obelisks in pink granite; one is now on Piazza dell’Esquilino, in front of the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, the other is in front of the Quirinal Palace. Affixed to the two pilasters flanking the entrance were bronze plates engraved with the text of the Res Gestae Augusti, Augustus’ autobiography, in which he described all the things he had achieved during his reign, thanks to his foreign, domestic, social and city-planning policies: a sort of spiritual testament addressed to future generations. As Augustus intended the mausoleum to be a family tomb, the ashes of the other members of the imperial house were likewise laid to rest here.

Over the centuries, the monument underwent far-reaching changes. After serving as a military fortress, it was eventually used as a theater/auditorium. In the 1930s, it was explored in several archeological digs. The buildings that had grown up around it were demolished, and it was left to stand in splendid isolation. This scale model was made around that time by Paolo and Roberto Bucci, based on documentation compiled by A. Muňoz, G. Gatti, E. Q. Giglioli and A. M. Colini.

Literature:
Richardson L., A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. John Hopkins University Press. Baltimore and London, 1992. P. 247—249.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby. A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. Oxford University Press. London: Humphrey Milford. 1929. P. 332—335.
Filippo Coarelli. Roma. Guide Archeologiche. Mondadori Electa S.p.A. 2004. P. 299—301.
Credits:
© 2009. Photo: S. Tariverdieva.
Text: museum label.
Keywords: αρχιτεκτονική architectura architecture architettura architektur ρώμη rome roma rom rome μαυσωλείο του αυγούστου mausoleum augusti mausoleum of august augustus mausoleo di augusto augusteo augustusmausoleum mausolée d’auguste campus martius mausoleum of augustus tomb roman emperor octavian august octavianus augustus ottaviano augusto reconstruction model
History of Ancient Rome