ANCIENT ART
INSTRUMENTS
ASIA
GREECE
ROME
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1. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Adits in the marcasite mine according to Galenus.
Reconstruction of H. Wilsdorf.
2. INSTRUMENTS. Greece.
Descent to the mine by the wooden ladder.
3. INSTRUMENTS. Greece.
Dioptra.
Draft by Heron.
4. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Groma.
5. INSTRUMENTS. Greece.
Harness of horses in a chariot.
Homeric times.
6. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Instruments of alchemists for distilling.
1 and 2 — distillation retorts; 3 — retort for evaporator; 4 — retort for condensation; a — copper head, b — receivers, c — burner, d — protection sheath preventing the loss of warm.
7. INSTRUMENTS. Greece.
Miner in the pit-face with a pick.
Picture in the mine of Penteskuphia nearby Corinth.
Ca. 650—600 BCE.
8. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Prospect-holes in the mine of Vispasca, branching off the central gallery.
Reconstruction of H. Wilsdorf.
9. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Scheme of water lifting in the mine.
10. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Kiln with the panel separating the furnace from the kilning chamber, from Apulum.
150 CE.
Alba-Julia (Roumania).
11. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Handmill.
Arezzo, Civic Archaeological Museum.
12. INSTRUMENTS. Greece.
Ore extraction.
Votive tablet from the a mine of Penteskuphia nearby Corinth.
Ca. 650—600 BCE.
Berlin, State Museums, Old Museum.
13. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Styli.
Bone.
Cremona, San Lorenzo Archaeological Museum.
14. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Strigili.
Bronze.
Late 1st cent. BCE—early 1st cent. CE.
Milan, Civic Archaeological Museum.
15. ARCHITECTURE. Rome.
Bakery on the Via dei Mulini.
2nd century CE.
Ostia, Archaeological site (I, III, 1).
16. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Mill from Ostia.
Ostia, Archaeological site (I, III, 1).
17. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
Mill in the bakery on the Via dei Mulini.
Volcanic stone. 2nd century CE.
Ostia, Archaeological site (I, III, 1).
18. INSTRUMENTS. Rome.
A pipe (fistula) of water supply system with a trademark of manufacturer.
Lead.
Spoleto, Civic Archaeological Museum.
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