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Josiah Osgood. Caesar and Nicomedes. The Classical Quarterly (New Series), Vol. 58 (2008), No. 2, pp. 687691.
. . . .

.687 80 . . . , 20 , , . , , , IV. (Iul. 2) , (prostratae regi pudicitiae[1]); , , - (per causam exigendae pecuniae, quae deberetur cuidam libertino clienti suo).

, , , (Iul. 49) . : ; (Bithynicam reginam) , ; , , , ; , , , , (florem aetatis a Venere orti in Bithynia contaminatum). , (Caes. 2.3) , , 1.

, - , . : , 2. , , : , , , , . 3. : , , , , 4. ,  ,  , 5. , , , .688 , 6. , , , , .

, , , , , - , , , , , , .

,     7. 77 . , , 76 ., , , , , 8. , , ; , , , , 9. , , . (Dial. 34. 7) , . , , (NA 4.16.8)10.

, ,  ,  , , (actio) , (paelicem reginae, spondam interiorem regiae lecticae, Iul. 49.1)11. , , , , 12. , pudicitia[2] , pudicitia . , , , (pulchellus Iason)13. , , (Cael. 6):


.689 Nam quod obiectum est de pudicitia, quodque omnium accusatorum non criminibus, sed vocibus maledictisque celebratum est, id numquam tam acerbe feret M. Caelius, ut eum paeniteat non deformem esse natum. Sunt enim ista maledicta pervolgata in omnis quorum in adulescentia forma et species fuit liberalis. Sed aliud est male dicere, aliud accusare.

, , , , , , . , .   ,   [3].


, pudicitia , , , , vis[4], ; , , , , , pudicitia , , , 14. , , , . , , . , pudicitia , . , ; , ( , 69 . . .)15. , , , , 16. , ,   , , ( , 81 . . .). , . , , ,  , , , , 17. actio , 65 , -. , Caesars Eintritt in die Geschichte, : .

.690 , , ( Dio 43.20.4) , , . , . , , , : , , , , , , . , 18. , .

, . , , ,   , . , ( ), (, )19. , ,   , ( ) ( , , 20). , , . , ( , , , , 21).

, , (NA 5.13.6):


vel pro hospitio regis Nicomedis vel pro horum necessitate quorum res agitur, refugere hoc munus, M. Iunce, non potui. nam neque hominum morte memoria deleri debet quin a proximis retineatur neque clientes sine summa infamia deseri possunt, quibus etiam a propinquis nostris opem ferre instituimus.

, , , , . .691 , , , [5].


: ( 75 74 . . .) , , repetundarum[6], , , , 22. , , . , , ; hospitium clientela ( , , , ), 23. , - , , , .

, , , , , , -, 24. (Iul. 49.3), , , beneficia[7], : , , ( ), : , : , ! (remove istaec, oro te, quando notum est, et quid ille tibi et quid illi tute dederis). , , .

: , . ( ). , , , . . , 25.


.

S , 105


  • 1 , ( , ) .-. (L.-M. Günther, Caesar und die Seeräuber  eine Quellenanalyse, Chiron 29 (1999), 321337), .
  • 2M. Gelzer, Caesar: Politician and Statesman, . P. Needham (Cambridge, 1968), 22 . 1.
  • 3C. Meier, Caesar, . D. McLintock (London, 1995), 64. . (W. Will, Julius Caesar: eine Bilanz (Stuttgart, Berlin, Cologne, 1992), 1516) .
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  • 5Goldsworthy (. 4), 67.
  • 6Goldsworthy (. 4), 67.
  • 7 , , ., . Cic. Cael. 73, De orat. 1.121, 3.74; Quint. Inst. 12.6.1; Tac. Dial. 34.7; , . L. R. Taylor, Party Politics in the Age of Caesar (Berkeley, 1949), 9899 112116, M. C. Alexander, Praemia in the quaestiones of the late republic, CPh 80 (1985), 2032; E. Fantham, The Roman World of Ciceros De Oratore (Oxford, 2004), 298304.
  • 8 . M. C. Alexander, Trials in the Late Roman Republic (Toronto, 1990),  140; . . (E. S. Gruen, The Dolabellae and Sulla, AJP 87 (1967), 385399, . 387389).
  • 9Cic. Brut. 317.
  • 10 (8.9.3), , . Malcovati, ORF4 s. v. C. Iulius Caesar ( 121) I.
  • 11, ORF4 s. v. Cn. Cornelius Dolabella ( 94), , . (. 3) , .
  • 12 ( ) . A. Richlin, The Garden of Priapus. Sexuality and Aggression in Roman Humor, (New York, Oxford, 1992), 101104; A. Richlin, Not before homosexuality: the materiality of the cinaedus and the Roman law against love between men, Journal of the History of Sexuality 3 (1993), 538539; C. A. Williams, Roman Homosexuality. Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity (New York, Oxford, 1999), 175. pudicitia . (R. Langlands, Sexual Morality in Ancient Rome (Cambridge, 2006), 281318, . . 284, . 16).
  • 13Fortunatianus, Ars. rhet. 3.7 (= Malcovati ORF4  171 I . 7). . . (T. P. Wiseman, Catullus and His World (Cambridge, 1985), 5491) . pulchellus , : pulchellus puer[8] (Att. 1.16.10).
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  • 15  . Suet. Iul. 1.2 Plut. Caes. 1.1; . Suet. Iul. 6.1 Plut. Caes. 5.2.
  • 16. H. Strasburger, Caesars Eintritt in die Geschichte (Munich, 1938), 36.
  • 17 , , , , , , , . (, , ) , , 60- , ,   (59 . . .) ,   . , . Strasburger (. 16), 2444. , actio, , .
  • 18 , , . App. Mithr. 11. , , . R. D. Sullivan, Near Eastern Royalty and Rome, 10030 BC (Toronto, 1990), 3035.
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  • 20 C. Damon C. S. Mackay, On the prosecution of C. Antonius in 79 B. C., Historia 44 (1995), 3755.
  • 21Fest. . 320 Lindsay.  . Sullivan (. 18), 3435 .
  • 22H. Dahlmann, Caesars Rede für die Bithynier, Hermes 73 (1938), 341346; (. 2), 29 . 4. , (Münzer, RE, Iuncus (4)) , , ;  . A. M. Ward, Caesar and the pirates II: the elusive M. Iunius Iuncus and the year 75/4, AJAH 2 (1977), 2636.
  • 23 , hospitium clientela - , . Badian (. 19), 155.
  • 24 (Münzer, RE, Nysa (7)) , 60 ., .
  • 25 L. R. Taylor The rise of Julius Caesar, G&R 4 (1957), 1018, , . , , ; .
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