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. .

II III . . .

. 1981. 3. C. 91108.

.91 , , . , ,   1.

I . . .   2. 3. , , . , - 4.

(scrinia) . , , 5. , , ab epistulis et a patrimonio 6. .92 , , 102 . , . , , . (a rationibus) (a studiis)7. - - (SHA, Hadr. 22). a rationibus, ab epistulis, ab epistulis Graecis8, a libellis et censibus, a studiis et bibliothecis.

,   ratio privata, procurator rationis privatae , , 9. , a rationibus     procurator summarum rationum10.   a libellis et cognitionibus11. , (cognitio sacra) . a libellis a censibus 12. a declamationibus Latinis, 13, a studiis et a bibliothecis a studiis. a bibliothecis 14. a cognitionibus a libellis et cognitionibus 15.

, III . . . (sacra scrinia) 16. , -   , a rationibus, ab epistulis . .17
.93 , . , . , . , .

, , , , 18. . -, . . - , , ,  , 19. , , , 20.

. , , , ex officio consilium21. , consilium 22.

. , ( . ) . , , , . , , , : , auditorium , 23. , , , .94 24, 25.

, . , 26. , , . , , , . , . , - . , . , . , , II  III . . ., .

, .

. . , (. , . 3) , . (. , . 10), , , , . , , , .

  a rationibus. , (   .95 ἐπὶ τῶν λόγων), , . , , , 27. A rationibus   , , , , , , 28. , a rationibus, , , 29. ,     a rationibus , 30.

(Aug. 101, 4), , , , , , . , , a rationibus, , . , a rationibus 31. a rationibus , II . . ., . . , , , a rationibus 32.

. , 33. a rationibus , , , .96 .   procurator summarum rationum34. , procurator summarum rationum, a rationibus,   35, 36, , , . .

a rationibus, , , 37, 38. summarum rationum, , a rationibus39.

, a rationibus , , . , , a rationibus ,     40.   41. , , a rationibus , 42. , , , 43. summarum rationum .97 , , , 44. , a rationibus , 45.

ab epistulis a libellis. Epistulae  , . , , . Libelli (, ) , . (subscriptio) 46. epistulae libelli .

ab epistulis . ab epistulis, (Silvae V, 1, 85 .; 99 .) , , , . , (Plin., Ep. X, 63). , ab epistulis (Stat., Silvae V, 1, 87 .). , praefectus equitum ( , 94 .). , ab epistulis 47. , , , , , 48.

, ab epistulis . , , .98 ? , I . . . ab epistulis, , , . , , 49, amici . , ab epistulis , , . , , , , ab epistulis, , .   ab epistulis   50. , ab epistulis , , 51. ab epistulis , , archiereus Alexandriae et Aegypti, a bibliothecis Romanis et Graecis a studiis52. , . ab epistulis cursus. , , . II . . . ab epistulis , . , advocatus fisci Romae53. 170171 . ab epistulis   De re militari54. , , , ab commentariis praefecti praetorio iuridicus Alexandreae55. , a cognitionibus et ab epistulis56. , , (AE, 1966, 431). , , ab epistulis . , , 57.
.99 tabula Banasitana, ab epistulis 58 consilium principis (AE, 1971, 534). ab epistulis, - . , , , , , 59. , , , , , 60. , , . , ab epistulis 61, , , 62. , ab epistulis .

ab epistulis , ab epistulis Graecis. , ab epistulis, , 63. , , , . . ab epistulis Graecis.

epistuli , . ab epistulis Graecis , : 64, (Philostr., Vit. soph. II, 5), 65, 66.

ab epistulis Graecis cursusa. , , , , 67. , , cursusa  , , a rationibus ab epistulis Latinis68. , .100 , , 69.

a libellis, , , , ab epistulis. a libellis, , , subscriptions70. a libellis cursus71. , , . a libellis 72, a rationibus, 73, 74, , 75, ( ) 76. a libellis . , a libellis et censibus 77.   a libellis et cognitionibus 78    a libellis (. . 76). , , 79.

, a libellis, , , , , . : ab epistulis Latinis a libellis ? , ?

. . , ,   . () , , , .101 . , , , , , 80. , . , . , , 81. . , . , , , , , 82, 9 ,   34. 30- III . , . ab epistulis Latinis , , ab epistulis , , 83.

a libellis , , libelli (τὴν ἐξή[γησιν] τῶν [ἀ]ξ[ιω]μάτ[ω]ν πεπισ[τευμένος])84. A. , IIIII . . ., , , , . , a libellis 85. , II . . . a libellis subscriptions .

, , , ab epistulis a libellis, .

a studiis a cognitionibus ab epistulis a libellis.

a studiis, , , , 86. , a studiis .102 87. , , , . a studiis , , cursus, ab epistulis88.

a studiis II . . . a studiis . , a studiis 150 . . ., 89. II . . . a studiis , , , , - 90. III . . . a studiis , 91.

II . . . a studiis92. , procurator ad studia procurator a studiis, , , , 93.

a studiis , , , , II . . . a studiis . a studiis ab epistulis, a libellis a rationibus. a studiis 94, - .

II . . ., , a studiis, . , a studiis , , . a studiis, procurator ad studia , 95. , , .103 consiliarii consilium principis96.

  a cognitionibus. , , 180 . . . archistator Aegypti, , , a cognitionibus 97. (Apol. 12) , , , , (καὶ τάς τε ῥητορείας τῶν δικαιολογούντων ῥυθμίζειν), () , .

, , , a cognitionibus , . , , cognitionibus 98. , a cognitionibus, 99. , , viri militares, 100. , 101. a cognitionibus - . , 102 , .

II . . . a cognitionibus, praepositus ( procurator) sacrarum cognitionum .104 103. , a cognitionibus , .

ratio privata, , , , , , . ratio privata II  III . . . , , , 193197 . . .104 ratio privata , .

ratio privata, , , , a rationibus. ratio privata, , 105, . rationis privatae, , , , a rationibus, . rationis privatae a rationibus. rationis privatae, , a rationibus,   106. , , ratio privata . .

rationis privatae, , , , , , , 107. ab epistulis Graecis, procurator rationis privatae108. procurator aquarum,   procurator Britanniae, ratio privata109. advocatus fisci praefectus vehiculationis , praefectus aerarii maioris, .105 ratio privata110.   procurator ludi magni, ratio privata111. , 241 . . . magister rationis privatae, , 112.

, rationis privatae . , ratio privata, 113. , rationis privatae, (vice praeff. praet. et urbi functus), 114. , (209211 .) . , , ratio privatae, (vice praef. vigilum)115.

, , , ratio privata , , , . , 116. , , , (domus divina).

, II . . . rationis privatae  procurator hereditatium patrimonii privati 117.

a censibus a declamationibus.

a censibus . , , a censibus , , .106 118. a censibus equitum romanorum, II . . . , , , , , , 193197 . . . , a censibus 119.

a censibus - . , . , a censibus , 120. a libellis121.   a censibus   , , 122.

(AE, 1932, 34) a declamationibus Latinis, . a studiis fisci advocatus sacri auditorii. , , a declamationibus Latinis 123. , orationes, . , a declamationibus Latinis . , , , , . , .

, , II . . . , , a rationibus, ab epistulis a libellis, .

a rationibus, , procurator summarum rationum. II . . . , a rationibus . ab epistulis a libellis , . , . , , ratio privata. a studiis .107 cursus ad studia , II . . . . ab epistulis Graecis, a censibus, a cognitionibus , , . . II  III . . . a studiis ratio privatae, a cognitionibus.

III . . . , , vir perfectissimus124.   viri egregii  , , vir perfectissimus.

, 300 125.

, , salutationes 126. , , , consilium principis . , , consilium principis, 177 . . .127 (AE, 1962,  6187 . . .) consilium principis:   a rationibus   ab epistulis Graecis. (203 . . .), , consilium principis , ab epistulis Graecis, , a libellis128.

, consilium principis ex officio   . , . , consilium .108 principis, : , , , , (συνεργοὺς καὶ ὑπηρέτας) . , , , - , , - , (καἰ συ οὔτ αὐτογνωμονῶν σφαλήση οὔτ αὐτοργῶν ἐκκαμῇ). , : (Dio Cass., 52, 33, 5).

, , , , amici, , ,  , , . , , III . . . . amici , principes officiorum , .

, , ex officio , . .


Knights in Charge of Offices in the Imperial Chancellery of the Second to Mid-Third Centuries

by A. L. Smyshlyayev

According to the traditional view the heads of offices in the imperial chancellery, beginning with the reign of Claudius, played a big role in state administration and in many respects resembled modern ministers. This idea has been criticized in several recent works. It has been most emphatically opposed by F. Millar with his concept of the all-embracing authority of the emperor. In Millars opinion office heads in the early empire had purely technical functions; all decisions were adopted and formulated by the emperor himself. In the present authors opinion both the traditional view and the hypothesis advanced by Millar fail to take into account the dynamics of the historical process. The author attempts to do first that, starting with an analysis of the epigraphic, juridical and narrative sources on the functions and competence of the knights, who hold these posts in the 2nd and early 3rd centuries. He argues that these offices chiefs, whose work in the early 2nd century was mainly secretarial, by the beginning of the 3rd century had become assistants to the emperor in his day-to-day work, drafted decisions and decrees for him to sign. Their altered role is reflected in the fact that they were brought ex officio into the imperial council. The transformation of the imperial chancellery into an effective organ of state administration attests the bureaucratisation of the empire and is one of the milestones on the road leading to the transition from Principate to Dominate.


  • 1   a rationibus  (CIL, VI, 8409),   a libellis    ab epistulis    a studiis  (Seneca, Ad Polyb. 6; Suet., Claudius, 28; CIL, XV, 7500).
  • 2 , a voluptatibus, (Suet., Tib., 42, 2). , , , .
  • 3Plut., Otho 9; Tac., Hist. I, 58; CIL, XI, 5028; H. G. Pflaum, Les carrières procuratoriennes équestres sous le Haut-Empire romain, IIII, P., 19601961 (  CP),  37.
  • 4Suet., Vitell. 12; Tac., Hist. I, 76; 87. , , amici (Tac., Hist. III, 58).
  • 5Suet., Dom. 7, 2: Quaedam ex maximis officiis inter libertinos equitesque Romanos communicavit.
  • 6CIL, VI, 598; AE, 1934, 154; CP,  60.
  • 7AE, 1924, 81; CP,  66; CIL, VI, 1626; CP,  89; AE, 1953, 73; CP,  96.
  • 8 ab epistulis (CIL, III, 431; CP,  110).
  • 9AE, 1961, 280; CP,  178 bis; H. Nesselhauf, Patrimonium und res privata des römischen Kaisers, Historia-Augusta-Colloquium. Bonn, 1963, 1964, . 73.; F. Millar, The Emperor in the Roman World (31 B. C.  A. D. 337), N. Y., 1977, App. 3.
  • 10CIL, VI, 1598; CP,  163; CIL, VI, 1564; CP,  178; H. G. Pflaum, Essai sur les procurateurs équestres sous le Haut-Empire romain, P., 1950.
  • 11CIL, X, 6662; CP,  181.
  • 12CIL, V, 8659; CP,  184; ILS, 8853; CP,  218 bis.
  • 13AE, 1932, 34; CP,  231.
  • 14CIL, XIII, 1779; CP,  213; E. Vant Dack, A studiis, a bibliothecis, Historia, XII, 1963, . 177184.
  • 15CIL, V, 179; VIII, 9360, 20942; CP,  233; CIL, II, 1085; CP,  235; Dio Cass., LXXVIII, 13, 34; CP,  287.
  • 16 a memoria - . , (Millar, . ., . 265266).
  • 17CIL, VI, 455, 1585 b, 8440, 8606; XIV, 2104, 5309; AE, 1961, 280; Dio Cass., LXXVII, 14, 2. . P. R. C. Weaver, Familia Caesaris, Cambr., 1972r . 236238.
  • 18. , , . 2, , 1890, . 511513; F. F. Abbot, A History and Description of Roman Political Institutions, N. Y., 1963, . 362 .; CAH, v. 10, . 687 .; G. Boulvert, Esclaves et affranchis impériaux, Napoli, 1970, . 383; . . , , .  ., 1964, . 331 .
  • 19A. N. Sherwin-White, The Letters of Pliny, L., 1967, . 537546, 552.
  • 20 , . 541.
  • 21 , , , consilium (J. Crook, Consilium principis, Cambr., 1955, . 140). , , , (Pflaum, Essai, . 6871). , SHA (M. Aur. VIII, 10), , .
  • 22Crook, . ., . 85, 103, 126.
  • 23F. Millar, Emperors at Work, JRS, 57, 1967, . 1819; . W. Williams, Individuality in the Imperial Constitutions: Hadrian and the Antonines, JRS, 66, 1976, . 6783.
  • 24 , , (Millar, Emperors at Work, . 18; , The Emperor in the Roman World, . 214). (. Cic., Q. fr. I, 2, 3, 810; Plut., Cato, 16).
  • 25 . , , , , , . , , , (Millar, The Emperor in the Roman World, . 224228, 248252, 270).
  • 26 . ,   , , , , . , , , (F. Millar, The Emperor, the Senate and the Provinces, JRS, 56, 1966, . 166).
  • 27Liebenam, A rationibus, RE, 2 Hbd., . 263264; Boulvert, Esclaves et affranchis, . 384.
  • 28Statius, Silvae, III, 3, 98105.
  • 29 Iam creditur uni sanctarum digestus opum (Statius, Silvae, III, 3, 8687).
  • 30 , , , a rationibus.   a rationibus  , condutores ( ). , (Patrimonium) . , (sic) . conductores, (CIL, IX, 2438).
  • 31P. A. Brunt, The Fiscus and Its Development, JRS, 56, 1966, . 8990.
  • 32 II . . . . procurator rationis privatae, .
  • 33 . a rationibus , , (CIL, VI, 455  168 . . .),   a rationibus summarum rationum . (CIL, VI, 1585 b.  193 . . .).
  • 34 , (subpraefectus annonae urbis) (CIL, VI, 37743).
  • 35CIL, VI, 1585 b; AE, 1933, 273.
  • 36 adiutor summarum tabulariorum (CIL, VI, 37743).
  • 37 , a rationibus, , cursus. (AE, 1961, 280; SHA, Commodus, 1, 56; CP,  178 bis).
  • 38 (CIL, VI, 1626; CP,  89; CIL, V, 867; CP,  109; CIL, VI, 1599; CP,  162), 4 militiae (CIL, VI, 31856; CP,  180),   3 militiae (CIL, VI, 1625b; CP,  117; CIL, V, 648; CP,  139),   2 (, 1913, 210; 1946, 95; CP,  271)   1 (CIL, VI, 1620; CP,  134).
  • 39CIL, VI, 1598; CP,  163; CIL, VI, 1564; CP,  178; AE, 1928, 97; CP,  193; CIL, VIII, 822; CP,  327.
  • 40   CIL, V, 867; CP,  109; CIL, VI, 1625 b; CP,  117; CIL, VI, 1620; CP,  134; CIL, V, 648; CP,  139; CIL, VI, 31856; CP,  180; AE, 1913, 210; 1946, 95; CP,  271;   CIL, VI, 1599; CP,  162; CIL, III, 7126; CP,  252;   ILS, 9467; CP,  331 ter.
  • 41   CIL, VI, 1625 b; CP,  117;   CIL, V, 648; CP,  139; CIL, VI, 1599; CP,  162; CIL, VI, 31856; CP,  180.
  • 42 , , . a rationibus (AE, 1961, 288; CP,  178 bis).
  • 43 a rationibus , , (CIL, VI, 1626; CP,  89; CIL, V, 867; CP,  109; CIL, V, 648; CP,  139) (CIL, VI, 1625 b; CP,  117; CIL, VI, 1599; CP,  162), (CIL, V, 648; CP,  139; CIL, VI, 31856; CP,  180).
  • 44 summarum rationum (IL, VI, 1564; CP,  178; IL, VIII, 822; CP, 327), (AE, 1928, 97; CP,  193).
  • 45 a rationibus ; , tabularius a rationibus , (Weaver, . ., . 244)
  • 46W. Williams, The libellus Procedure and the Severan Papyri, JRS, 64, 1974, . 8788.
  • 47E. Birley, Roman Britain and the Roman Army, Kendal, 1953, . 142143; Boulvert, Esclaves et affranchis, . 378.
  • 48 , , , . , , (CIL, III, 5215; CP,  156; Dio Cass., LXXI, 12, 3; 33, 3; CP,  172; AE, 1913, 210; 1946, 95; CP,  271), (Plin., Ep. III, 8, 1; CP,  96; IGR, I, 136; CP,  105; CIL, VIII, 1174; CP,  142; CIL, VI, 1564; CP,  178; Dio Cass., LXXVIII, 13, 34; CP,  287).
  • 49 (Dom. 20) , , (alieno formabat ingenio). -, , , , (Sherwin- White, The Letters of Pliny, . 541 .).
  • 50Plut., Otho, 9; Tac., Dial. de or., 2.
  • 51CIL, VI, 798; AE, 1934, 154; Plin., Epist. VIII, 12, 1; CP,  60; AE, 1953, 73; CP,  96.
  • 52IGR, 1, 136; CP,  105; Millar, . ., . 88.
  • 53CIL, VIII, 1174; CP,  142.
  • 54Dio Cass., LXXI, 12, 3; Dig., ind. Flor; 49, 16, 7; 49, 16, 12, 1; 50, 6, 7 (6); Lydus, De mag., 1, 9; Vegetius, De re militari, 1, 8; CP,  172.
  • 55CIL, VI, 1564; CP,  178.
  • 56Dio Cass.., LXXVIII, 13, 34; CP,  287.
  • 57 ab epistulis , epistulae (Boulvert, . ., . 378379).
  • 58CIL, III, 5215; CP,  156.
  • 59Dio Cass., LXXI, 12, 3.
  • 60Dio Cass., LXXI, 33, 3; SHA, Commodus, 4, 58; CP,  172.
  • 61CIL, V, 3336; CP,  166.
  • 62CIL, VI, 1564; CP,  178.
  • 63G. B. Townend, The Post ab epistulis in the Second Century, Historia, 10, 1962, H. 3, . 379 .
  • 64PIR, A,  352; CP,  106.
  • 65AE, 1961, 280; SHA, Commodus, 1, 56; CP,  178 bis.
  • 66Forsch. Eph., II, 1912, 125, 26; CP,  230; Philostr., V. soph. II, 33, 3.
  • 67AE, 1961, 280; CP,  178 bis; Forsch. Eph., II, 1912, 125, 26; CP,  230.
  • 68CIL, III, 431; CP,  110; CIL, VI, 1564; CP,  178.
  • 69 ab epistulis Graecis, , ab epistulis Graecis (Townend, . ., . 380). , , ,   Phrynichus, Ecloga, . 379 (Lobeck),  , , .
  • 70, a libellis , : , libelli (Seneca, Ad Polyb. 6, 5).
  • 71PIR2 H29; CP,  95; CIL, XIII, 1808; CP,  106 bis; CIL, XIV, 5347, 5348; CP,  141.
  • 72Forsch. Eph., II, 1912, 126, 25; Dio Cass., LXXVI, 5, 56; CP,  106 bis.
  • 73AE, 1946, 95; 1949, 184; CP,  271.
  • 74CIL, VI, 1628; CP,  338; CP,  95  , .
  • 75CIL, XIV, 5347, 5348; CP,  141; CIL, X, 6662; CP,  181.
  • 76Dig., XX, 5, 12, pr.; SHA, Severus, 21, 8; Aur. Vict., Caes. 20, 33; CP,  220.
  • 77CIL, XIV, 5347, 5348; CP,  141.
  • 78CIL, X, 6662; CP,  181.
  • 79, , consilium, ,   ,   a libellis (CIL, X, 6662).
  • 80W. Williams, Individuality in the Imperial Constitutions: Hadrian and the Antonines, JRS, 66, 1976, . 6783.
  • 81 , . 69.
  • 82   Dio Cass., LXXVI, 17, 13; . Herodian., III, 10, 2; 13, 1;   Dio Cass., LXXVII, 17, 34.
  • 83Dio Cass., LXXVIII, 13, 34 (, militia equestris).
  • 84R. Heberdey, Forschungen in Ephesos, II (1912), . 125 .,  28; CP,  230.
  • 85A. M. Honoré, Imperial Rescripts A. D. 193305; Authorship and Authenticity, JRS, 69, 1979, . 55 .
  • 86, . ., . 512; O. Hirschfeld, Die kaiserlichen Verwaltungsbeamten bis auf Diocletian, B., 1905, . 332 .; Kübler, A studiis, RE, 7 Hbd., . 397; Boulvert, Esclaves et affranchis, . 379; Millar, The Emperor in the Roman World, . 205.
  • 87 II . . . a studiis a bibliothecis.
  • 88AE, 1953, 73; CP,  96; IGR, I, 136; CP,  105.
  • 89CIL, XIV, 53475348; CP,  141.
  • 90CIL, XIII, 1779; CP,  213.
  • 91CIL, X, 4721; CP,  339; CIL, VI, 1608; CP,  341.
  • 92AE, 1932, 34; CP,  231; CIL, VIII, 18909; CP,  272; CIL, XIV, 5340; CP,  352.
  • 93AE, 1932, 34; CP,  231; CIL, XIV, 5340; CP,  352.
  • 94 ab epistulis  . . 88, a libellis et censibus  . . 89, a cognitionibus  CIL, V, 8972; CP,  340. a studiis , a rationibus (AE, 1915, 51; CP,  348).
  • 95 (. . 89) , a studiis et consilis (CIL, V, 8972; CP,  340), procurator ad studia  , fisci advocatis sacri auditorii (AE, 1932, 34; CP,  231) , advocatus fisci Romae (CIL, VIII, 18909; CP,  272).
  • 96 , a studiis , , (CP,  340, . 890).
  • 97A. Premerstein, A cognitionibus, RE, 8 Hbd., . 222.
  • 98, , a libellis et cognitionibus (CIL, X, 6662; CP,  181). , , a cognitionibus et epistulis (Dio Cass., LXXVIII, 13, 34; CP,  287; AE, 1966, 431). a cognitionibus , (Forsch. Eph., III, 1923, 137, 51; CP,  295).
  • 99 , III . . . a studiis et consiliis magister sacrarum cognitionum (CIL, V, 8972; CP,  340).
  • 100 , a cognitionibus, . (Pflaum, Essai, . 229, 237 .; CIL, VIII, 9360; CP,  233; CIL, VIII, 9002; CP,  298).
  • 101 (CIL, II, 1085; CP,  235), militia (CP,  295).
  • 102 II  III . . . cognitio , a cognitionibus (. . . , , , 1975,  5).
  • 103AE, 1935, 20; CIL, VI, 37099; Weaver, . ., . 265.
  • 104 ratio privata, , , , , (SHA, Severus, 12).
  • 105 , rationis privatae , . summae rationis privatae (CIL, VI, 1630),   magister rationis summae privatae (CIL, VIII, 23963).
  • 106a rationibus  AE, 1961, 280; CP,  178 bis;   SHA, Macrinus, 3, 15; CP,  248; AE, 19691970, 193; CIL, VIII, 23863; CP,  327; adlecti  CIL, X, 6569; CP,  237; CIL, VI, 1630; CP,  300.
  • 107 (Pflaum, Essai, . 293).
  • 108AE, 1961, 280; CP,  178 bis.
  • 109CIL, X, 6569; GP,  237.
  • 110SHA, Macrinus, 2, 15; 4, 37; 7, 1; Diadumenus, 4, 1; CP,  248. , (Dio Cass., LXXVIII, 11, 3).
  • 111AE, 19691970, 193. , . (M. Christol, La carriere de Q. Cerellius Apollinaris, préfet de vigiles de Caracalla, Mélanges dhistoire ancienne offerts à W. Seston, P., 1974, . 119126), , , 204205 ., , (  . LAnnée philologique, 1974, . 616).
  • 112CIL, VIII, 23963; CP,  327. , , ratio privatae, . , , .
  • 113SHA, Commodus, 1, 56; AE, 1961, 280; CP,  178 bis., . 1005.
  • 114CIL, X, 6569; CP,  237.
  • 115CIL, VIII, 23963; CP,  327.
  • 116 , , , , .
  • 117CIL, X, 6657; AE, 1945, 80; CP,  225. ( , .)
  • 118T. Mommsen, Le droit public romain, VI, 2, P., 1897, . 85; A. Berger, Encyclopedic Dictionary of Roman Law, Philadelphia, 1953, . 338; Abbot, . ., . 393
  • 119Hirschfeld, . ., . 67; CP,  225, . 600 .; Boulvert, Esclaves et affranchis, . 381.
  • 120CIL, V, 8659; CP,  184.
  • 121CIL, VI, 1628; CP,  338.
  • 122Dio Cass., LXXVIII, 4, 3; CP,  288.
  • 123CP,  231, . 617618.
  • 124 vir perfectissimus a rationibus (Epigr. IX, 695), a cognitionibus (CIL, II, 1085; VIII, 9360), a declamationibus Latinis (AE, 1932, 34). IIÏ . . . a studiis (CIL, X, 4721), a censibus (CIL, VI. 1628; ILA, 147), ab epistulis Latinis (CIL, VI, 1088) summarum rationum (CH., VI, 1618; VIII, 29963).
  • 125 300 . procurator rationis privatae (CIL, X, 6569) a declamationibus Latinis (AE, 1932, 34); Pflaum, Procurateurs équestres, . 91.
  • 126 212 . . . (CJ, IX, 51, 1) 216 . . . (P. Roussel, F. de Visscher, Les inscriptions du temple de Dmeir, Syria, 23, 19421943, . 178). (Principes officiorum) amici .
  • 127AE, 1971, 534; CIL, III, 5215; CP,  156.
  • 128R. Heberdey, Forschungen in Ephesos, II (1912), . 125 .,  26; CP,  230.
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