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, , , . : Ita divus Hadrianus rescripsit : Ita optimus imperator Hadrianus rescripsit. . , . , , , , .

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, . 12 I . . . .149 .   , , . , , . , II III . . . , . -, , . , , .

, , : , 14, . , , 15. , I . . . , , , , auctoritas16.

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2) ; 10- () , (). () .153 , ( ) . , . , , , ()36 (D. 48. 24. 1, Ulpianus 9 de officio proconsulis).

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. . 1996: . .

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. . 2013: : , (II) // . . . . 4 (3), 2738.

. . 1956: . .

. . 1991: ( ) // . . 5, 6778.

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Bringmann K, Wiegandt D. (Hg.). 2008: Augustus. Schriften, Reden und Aussprüche. Darmstadt.

Campbell J. B. 1984: The Emperor and the Roman Army 31 BCAD 235. Oxford.

Gualandi G. 1963: Legislatione imperiale e giurisprudenza. Vol. III. Milano.

Harries J. 2004: Law and Empire in Late Antiquity. Cambridge.

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Kotz-Dobrz W., von 1916: Institutiones // RE. Bd. IX, 15661587.

Kunkel W. 1952: Herkunft und soziale Stellung der römischen Juristen. Weimar.

Kyle D. G. 1998: Spectacles of Death in Ancient Rome. London.

Lewis R. G. 1993: Imperial Autobiography, Augustus to Hadrian // ANRW. II. 34, 629706.

Millar F. 1977: The Emperor in the Roman World (31BCAD 337). London.

Neumann A. 1933: Das Militärhandbuch des Kaiser Augustus // Klio. 26, 360362.

Robinson O. F. 1997: The Sources of Roman Law. Problems and Methods for Ancient Historians. London and New York.

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Sirks A. J. B. 2001: Making a Request to the Emperor: Rescripts in the Roman Empire // Administration, Prosopography and Appointment Policies in the Roman Empire. Proceedings of the First Workshop of the International Network Impact of Empire (Roman Empire, 27 B. C.  A. D. 406). Leiden, June 28  July 1, 2000 / L. de Blois (ed.). Amsterdam, 121135.

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Williams W. 1980: The Publication of Imperial Subscripts // ZPE. 40, 283294.

.157


1

1. (27 . .  14 . .)  21 (  0)

2. (1437)  3 (  1)

3. (3741)  0

4. (4154)  14 (  1)

5. (5468)  4 (  0)

6. (6869)  0

7. (69)  0

8. (69)  0

9. (6979)  6 (  1)

10. (7981)  3 (  0)

11. (8196)  4 (  1)

12. (9698)  5 (  0)

13. (98117)  44 (  19)

14. (117138)  196 (  125)

15. (138161)  268 (  228)

16. (161180)  260 (  169)

17. (180192)  7 (  3)

18. (193)  5 (  3)

19. (193)  0

20. (193211)  353 (  231)

21. (211217)  72 (  50)

22. (217218)  0

23. (218222)  0

24. (222235)  4 (  4)

.158

2

1. Frag. De iure fisci 8  Edictum divi Augusti

2. Ulp. Reg. XX. 10  Sed divus Augustus <Marcus> constituit

3. Inst. 2. 12 pr.  Ex auctoritate divi Augusti

4. Inst. 2. 23. 1  Divus Augustus iussit

5. Inst. 2. 25 pr.  Divus Augustus voluntatem eius implesset

6. D. 1. 2. 2. 49 (Pomponius l. sing enchridii)  Divus Augustus constituit

7. D. 1. 15. 1 è 3 (Paulus l. sing. de officio praefecti vigilum)  Divus Augustus maluit

8. D. 1. 17. 1  (Ulpianus 15 ad edictum) Lege sub Augusto ei datum est

9. D. 14. 2. 9 (Volusius Maecianus ex lege Rhodia)  Idem etiam divus Augustus iudicavit

10. D. 16. 1. 2 pr. (Ulpianus 29 ad edictum)  Et primo quidem temporibus divi Augusti mox deinde Claudii edictis eorum erat interdictum

11. D. 23. 2. 14. 4 (Paulus 35 ad edictum)  Augustus interpretatus est

12. D. 28. 2. 26 (Paulus 3 sententiarum)  Edicto divi Augusti

13. D. 40. 1. 14. 1(Paulus 16 ad Plautium)  Ex lege Augusti

14. D. 40. 2. 21 (Modestinus 1 pandectarum)  Ex constitutione divi Augusti

15. D. 40. 12. 23. 2 (Paulus 50 ad edictum)  Augustus dixit

16. D. 48. 5. 1 (Ulpianus 1 de adulteriis)  Haec lex lata est divo Augusto

17. D. 48. 18. 1 pr. (Ulpianus 8 de officio proconsulis)  Et divus Augustus constituit

18. D. 48. 18. 8 pr. (Paulus 2 de adulteris)  Edictum divi Augusti

19. D. 48. 24. 1 (Ulpianus 9 de officio proconsulis)  Etiam divus Augustus libro decimo de vita sua scribit

20. D. 49. 16. 12. 1 (Macer 1 de re militari)  Tam in disciplina Augusti ita cavetur

21. D. 50. 15. 1 (Ulpianus 1 de censibus)  Beritensis colonia Augusti beneficiis gratiosa

.159

Augustus in the View of Roman Jurists (Initial Results)

Alexander L. Smyshliaev

The aim of the article is to identify the image of Augustus in the view of Roman jurists (2nd and 3d centuries AD). After reviewing the references of Augustus in the extant fragments from the writings of the Roman jurists, the author comes to the conclusion that in the view of Roman jurists Augustus was an ideal ruler, the example to follow.

Keywords: Augustus, jurists, rescripts, the image of the ideal ruler


  • * . . .
  • 1Kotz-Dobrz 1916, 1578 ff.; Schulz 1946, 304 f.; 1956, 34.
  • 2Gualandi 1963 I.
  • 3.: 2. (. 158).
  • 4 12 I . . . 60 , 12  1209 .
  • 5 1996, 115.
  • 6Schulz 1946, 152 f.; Williams 1974, 86 ff.; Williams 1980, 283 ff.; Sirks 2001, 122 ff.; Harries 2004, 25 ff.
  • 7Gualandi 1963 II, 20. .: 1.
  • 8Millar 1977, passim. .  .: 1991.
  • 9Robinson 1997, 34 f. : Schulz 1946.
  • 10Jolowicz, Nicholas 1972, 365 ff., 372 f.
  • 11Gualandi 1963 II, 15 sg., 20, 159. .: Robinson 1997, 36 f.
  • 12 1956, 64. . , (Gualandi 1963 II, 18).
  • 13 5 I . . ., 60 , 44 , , 19 . . , , 72 , , 50 . .: 1.
  • 14 -, -, , , .
  • 15 . 15 , 8 .
  • 16 . : auctoritas principis (Gualandi 1963 II, 167; .: Sirks 2001, 129).
  • 17. 2.
  • 18 2,  1, 10, 12, 17, 18.
  • 19 2,  9.
  • 20 2,  8, 13, 16.
  • 21 2,  20.
  • 22 2,  19.
  • 23Officium regentis exercitum non tantum in danda, sed etiam in observanda disciplina constitit. (1) Paternus quoque scripsit debere eum, qui se meminerit armato praeesse, parcissime commeatum dare, equum militarem extra provinciam duci non permittere, ad opus privatum piscatum venatum militem non mittere. nam in disciplina Augusti ita cavetur: etsi scio fabrilibus operibus exerceri milites non esse alienum, vereor tamen, si quicquam permisero, quod in usum meum aut tuum fiat, ne modus in ea re non adhibeatur, qui mihi sit tolerandus.
  • 24  . Kunkel 1952, 256 f.
  • 25  .: Kunkel 1952, 219 ff.
  • 26Neumann 1933, 360362.
  • 27Albertini 1940, 380 suiv.; Bringmann 2008, 283.
  • 28 , , , (Suet. Aug. 89. 2). , , .
  • 29Quantum fieri potest, curandum ne milites a signis absint ( [Plin. Ep. X. 22; .: X. 20]).
  • 30Longum iter est per praecepta, breve et efficax per exempla (Sen. Ep. VI. 5).  .: Campbell 1984, 32 ff., 46 ff., 56 ff.; 2013 2013.
  • 31, , , , , .
  • 32Disciplinam severissime rexit: ne legatorum quidem cuiquam, nisi gravate hibernisque demum mensibus, permisit uxorem intervisere (Suet. Aug. 24. 1. . . . ).  . Campbell 1984, 304.
  • 33 SHA : Ipse post Caesarem Octavianum labantem disciplinam incuria superiorum principum retinuit (SHA. Hadr. 10. 3).  .: Campbell 1984, 47 f.
  • 34Neumann 1933, 360362; Contra: Albertini 1940, 380.
  • 35Schulz 1946, 153.
  • 36Corpora eorum qui capite damnantur cognatis ipsorum neganda non sunt: et id se observasse etiam divus Augustus libro decimo de vita sua scribit. hodie autem eorum, in quos animadvertitur, corpora non aliter sepeliuntur, quam si fuerit petitum et permissum, et nonnumquam non permittitur, maxime maiestatis causa damnatorum. eorum quoque corpora, qui exurendi damnantur, peti possunt, scilicet ut ossa et cineres collecta sepulturae tradi possint.
  • 37De cadaveribus punitorum (D. 48. 24).
  • 38, , .
  • 39Corpora animadversorum quibuslibet petentibus ad sepultura danda sunt.
  • 40Si quis in insulam deportatus vel relegatus fuerit, poena etiam post mortem manet, nec licet eum inde transferre aliubi et sepelire inconsulto principe: ut saepissime Severus et Antoninus rescripserunt et multis petentibus hoc ipsum indulserunt.
  • 41Van Hooff 1990, 163; Kyle 1998, 129; Heid 2007, 408.
  • 42 , , (D. 11. 7. 38, Ulpianus 9 de omnibus tribunalibus).
  • 43Schulz 1936, 189 ff.; Schulz 1946, 297.
  • 44Bringman 2008, 210 f.
  • 45Ut quidem uni suppliciter sepulturam precanti respondisse dicitur, iam istam volucrum fore potestatem.
  • 46 , , , , (Dio Cass. LXXVI. 8. 1).
  • 47  .: Lewis 1993, 69
  • 48 , , . , , (), .
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