Funerary inscription of Gamo, a bodyguard of Nero
AE 1952, 147.
Travertine. 54—68 CE.
Inv. No. 125661.Rome, Roman National Museum, Baths of DiocletianPhoto by Ilya Shurygin

Funerary inscription of Gamo, a bodyguard of Nero.

AE 1952, 147.
Travertine. 54—68 CE.
Inv. No. 125661.

Rome, Roman National Museum, Baths of Diocletian
(Roma, Museo nazionale romano, Terme di Diocleziano).

Rome, Via Portuense, 2 km from Porta Portese.
AE 1952, 147

Ner(onis) Claud(i) Caes(aris)
Aug(usti) corp(oris) cust(os)
dec(uria) Pacati,
5nat(ione) Bataus,
vix(it) ann(os) XXV.
H(ic) s(itus) e(st). Posuit
Hospes, dec(uria) Pacati,
frater et heres eius,
10ex collegio

Gamo, a bodyguard of Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus, of Pacatus’ decuria, of the the nation of Bataves, lived for 25 years. He lies here. Hospes, of Pacatus’ decuria, his brother and heir from the association of Germans, erected (this gravestone).

Funerary steles of soldiers and bodyguards of Nero

The funerary steles are dedicated to soldiers of different corps stationed in Rome: the Praetorian Guard «the imperial guard» and the urbaniciani or cohortes urbanae troops of the police force. The series ends with the steles of Nero’s Imperial German Bodyguard — Germani corporis custodes — who were so called because they were originally recruited from the robust northern populations. Slaves at the time of Augustus, during the Neronian period the custodes were classed as free foreigners with a military-style organisation but without ever attaining the status of a real military force.

Involved in the death of Nero, they were dissolved by Galba.

Travertine from various areas of Rome and suburbs and the Via Portuensis. Neronian period (54—68 AD).

Museum label

La dec(uria) Pacati se retrouve au C. I. L., VI, no. 8807 (H. Dessau, I. L. S., no. 1725) de l’epoque de Claude.

AE 1952, 147
Scerrato U. XVIII. Roma (Via Portuense). — Cippi sepolcrali di «corporis custodes» // NSA. №4. 1950. P. 88.
AE 1952, 147.
Bellen H. Die germanische Leibwache der roemischen Kaiser des julisch-claudischen Hauses. Mainz-Wiesbaden, 1981. S. 110, nr. 14.
Priuli S. Museo Nazionale Romano. I. Le sculture. Vol. 7. 1. Roma, 1984. P. 116—117, nr. 29b.
© 2015. Photo: Ilya Shurygin.
© Text of the inscription: Epigraphic Database Roma.
© Commentary: Museum label, AE 1952, 147.
© 2017. Translation: Olga Lyubimova.
Keywords: epigraphia epigraphy inscription iscrizione epigrafia epigraphik epigrafik inschrift épigraphie roman romano romana romani römisch römische romaine gravestone funerary inscriptions epitaph in pietra tombale epitaffio grabstein-inschrift de pierre épitaphe gamo neronis claudi caesaris augusti corporis custos decuria pacati natione batavus vixit annos xxv hic situs est posuit hospes frater et heres eius ex collegio germanorum emperor nero bodyguard decurio pacatus heir brother germans travertine ae 1952 147 inv no 125661